José Mendes Cabeçadas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
José Mendes Cabeçadas
Mendes Cabeçadas (official).jpg
Coat of arms of Portugal.svg
9th President of Portugal
In office
May 31, 1926 – June 19, 1926
Preceded by Bernardino Machado
Succeeded by Manuel Gomes da Costa
94th Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
May 31, 1926 – June 19, 1926
Preceded by António Maria da Silva
Succeeded by Manuel Gomes da Costa
Minister of the Interior
In office
May 30, 1926 – June 1, 1926
Preceded by Junta of Public Salvation
Succeeded by Armando da Gama Ochoa
In office
June 3, 1926 – June 17, 1926
Preceded by Armando da Gama Ochoa
Succeeded by António Claro
Minister of Justice
In office
May 30, 1926 – June 3, 1926
Preceded by Junta of Public Salvation
Succeeded by Manuel Rodrigues
Minister of Finance
In office
May 30, 1926 – June 3, 1926
Preceded by Junta of Public Salvation
Succeeded by António de Oliveira Salazar
Minister of War
In office
May 30, 1926 – June 1, 1930
Preceded by Junta of Public Salvation
Succeeded by Manuel Gomes da Costa
Minister of the Navy
In office
May 30, 1926 – June 3, 1930
Preceded by Junta of Public Salvation
Succeeded by Jaime Afreixo
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
May 30, 1926 – June 1, 1930
Preceded by Junta of Public Salvation
Succeeded by Armando da Gama Ochoa
Minister of the Colonies
In office
May 30, 1926 – June 1, 1930
Preceded by Junta of Public Salvation
Succeeded by Manuel Gomes da Costa
Minister of Education
In office
May 30, 1926 – June 1, 1930
Preceded by Junta of Public Salvation
Succeeded by Armando da Gama Ochoa
Minister of Commerce
In office
May 30, 1926 – June 3, 1930
Preceded by Junta of Public Salvation
Succeeded by Ezequiel de Campos
Minister of Agriculture
In office
May 30, 1926 – June 1, 1930
Preceded by Junta of Public Salvation
Succeeded by Manuel Gomes da Costa
Minister of Communications
In office
May 30, 1926 – June 3, 1930
Preceded by Junta of Public Salvation
Succeeded by Ezequiel de Campos
Personal details
Born (1883-08-19)August 19, 1883
Loulé, Portugal Kingdom of Portugal
Died June 11, 1965(1965-06-11) (aged 81)
Lisbon, Portugal Portugal
Political party Independent
Spouse(s) Maria das Dores Vieira
Children 4 daughters
Occupation Naval officer (Admiral)

José Mendes Cabeçadas Júnior, OTE, ComA (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒuˈzɛ ˈmẽdɨʃ kɐbɨˈsadɐʃ]), commonly known as Mendes Cabeçadas (August 19, 1883 in Loulé – June 11, 1965 in Lisbon), was a Portuguese Navy officer, free mason and republican, having a major role in the preparation of the revolutionary movements that created and ended the Portuguese First Republic: the 5 October revolution in 1910 and the 28 May coup d'état of 1926. In the outcome he became the 69th Minister of Finance for one day only on May 30, 1926, then becoming interim Minister for Foreign Affairs for two days between May 30 and June 1, after what he again became the 70th Minister for Finance on the same day. He served as the ninth President of the Republic (the first of the Military dictatorship) and Prime Minister for a brief period of time (from May 31, 1926 to June 16, 1926).

Mendes Cabeçadas was one of those responsible for the revolt on board the ship Adamastor, during the republican revolution of 1910. However he soon became disappointed with the regime he had helped to create. In 1926 he led the revolution against the First Republic in Lisbon after Gomes da Costa had started it in Braga. Prime Minister António Maria da Silva resigned and just days after (May 31) President Bernardino Machado named him Prime Minister. On the same day the President also resigned and Mendes Cabeçadas assumed the role of President of the Republic.

As a revolutionary with moderate tendencies he thought it possible to form a government that wouldn't question the constitutional regime, but with no influence on the Democratic Party. However the other revolutionaries (among them Gomes da Costa and Óscar Carmona) judged him as incapable and in a meeting in Sacavém on June 17, 1926 Mendes Cabeçadas was forced to renounce the posts of President of the Republic and President of the Council of Ministers (Prime Minister) in favour of Gomes da Costa.

He joined the opposition to the regime for a third time, involving himself in several revolutionary attempts and subscribed to many manifestos against the dictatorship, until his death in 1965 during the period known as the Estado Novo (New State), headed by António de Oliveira Salazar.

He married in Santa Isabel, Lisbon, in March 1911 Maria das Dores Formosinho Vieira (Silves, Silves, January 6, 1880 – December 22, 1949) and had four daughters.

See also[edit]

Preceded by
Bernardino Machado
President of Portugal
1926
Succeeded by
Manuel Gomes da Costa
Preceded by
António Maria da Silva
Prime Minister of Portugal
1926
Succeeded by
Manuel Gomes da Costa