José Miguel Gómez
|José Miguel Gómez|
|President of Cuba|
28 January 1909 – 20 May 1913
|Vice President||Alfredo Zayas|
|Preceded by||Tomás Estrada Palma|
|Succeeded by||Mario García Menocal|
July 6, 1858|
Sancti Spíritus, Cuba
|Died||June 13, 1921
New York City, New York USA
|Political party||Liberal Party of Cuba|
|Children||Miguel Mariano Gómez|
At the Constitutional Convention, Gómez was one of those who voted in favor of adopting the Platt Amendment. Born in Sancti Spíritus, in the former Las Villas Province Gómez went on to govern Santa Clara and became quite popular in Cuba. In 1905 Gómez planned to run for the presidency with Alfredo Zayas on behalf of the Liberals. Violence prevented the Liberals from winning much in the election so Gómez dropped out of the running.
Gómez and Zayas began to split the Liberal party. A strong showing by the Conservatives against the divided Liberals convinced them to rejoin.
Term in Office
Gómez and Zayas won the 1908 election as the candidates for the Liberal Party. He was very well liked among the people and Gómez was also viewed as a kind president in the eyes of the people. However, political corruption boomed during his presidency and several major scandals occurred.
During his presidency the government also began funding newspapers, influencing them towards pro-government positions. Although cheating probably occurred, Zayas beat Gómez for the presidency in 1920. Gómez would very likely have won had the elections been fair and honest.
A friend of Gómez, Gerardo Machado, would become the president of Cuba a few years later.
He was married to América Arias y López, and their son, Miguel Mariano Gómez, would later become the sixth President of Cuba.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to José Miguel Gómez.|
- Otero, Juan Joaquin (1954). Libro De Cuba, Una Enciclopedia Ilustrada Que Abarca Las Ates, Las Letras, Las Ciencias, La Economia, La Politica, La Historia, La Docencia, Y ElProgreso General De La Nacion Cubana - Edicion Conmemorative del Cincuentenario de la Republica de Cuba, 1902-1952. (Spanish)
- José Miguel Gómez (Spanish Wikipedia)
- Cuba, The Pursuit of Freedom (Eyre & Spottiswoode Ltd., 1971)
Tomás Estrada Palma
|President of Cuba
Mario García Menocal