José Leandro Andrade
José Andrade (behind the bar) serving a drink to his teammates in Amsterdam (1928)
|Full name||José Leandro Andrade|
|Date of birth||November 22, 1901|
|Place of birth||Salto, Uruguay|
|Date of death||5 October 1957(aged 55)|
|Place of death||Montevideo, Uruguay|
|Height||1.80 m (5 ft 11 in)|
|Playing position||Defensive Midfielder|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).
Andrade was born in Salto in 1901 to an Argentine mother. José Ignacio Andrade, who is believed to have been his father, was listed on his birth certificate as a witness. The older Andrade, who was 98 years old at the time of José Leandro Andrade's birth, had been an expert in African magic and is believed to have been an African-born slave who had escaped from Brazil.
Prior to the introduction of professional football in Uruguay he worked in a number of jobs. He at one time worked as a carnival musician playing the drums, violin and the tambourine, and at another time led the drums corp for carnival comparsa Libertadores de Africa. At various times in his life he also worked as a shoeshiner and as a newspaper salesman.
Andrade was a guest at the 1950 FIFA World Cup when Uruguay won their second world championship. His nephew Víctor Rodríguez Andrade, a member of the 1950 team, had adopted Andrade as his second surname in honour of Andrade.
As a teenager Andrade played for Montevideo club Misiones.
Andrade earned 34 appearances with la Celeste Olimpica scoring one goal between 1923 and 1930.
South American Championship
Andrade won his first Olympic gold medal at the 1924 Olympic football tournament in Paris. He was recognised as being the first black international football player to play Olympic football. He was nicknamed The Black Marvel and The Black Pearl, the latter a name later used in reference to Pelé.
In reaction to the 1924 Olympic win the Uruguayan team were challenged to a two match series by Argentina. In the second match at the Estadio Sportivo Barracas in Buenos Aires Andrade was pelted with stones by the Argentine crowd to which Andrade and the rest of the Uruguayan team responded by throwing the stones back. In the ensuing riot a member of his team was arrested and the Uruguayans refused to play out the remainder of the match.
In 1928 he won his second Olympic gold medal at the 1928 Olympics in Amsterdam. During the semi-final match against Italy Andrade collided with a goal post, seriously injuring and eye. This later deteriorated to the point that he became blind in that eye.
1930 FIFA World Cup
Despite not being at his peak he managed to be one of Uruguay's best players as they won the 1930 World Cup. At the end of the tournament he was selected in the All-Star team. In 1994 he was selected by France Football as number ten in their World Cup Top-100.
Andrade was also credited with being an intelligent and honest player who never celebrated his goals. He was a dynamic, fast and highly technical player who was able to dominate the pitch without the physicality of many of his team mates.
- IFFHS Football Player of the Century: 29th
- FIFA World Cup: Bronze Ball 1930
- FIFA World Cup: All-Star Team 1930
- France Football's World Cup Top-100 1930–1990:10th
- Gumbrecht, Hans Ulrich (2006). In praise of athletic beauty. Harvard University Press. pp. 249–251. ISBN 0-674-02172-X.
- Abalos, Miguel. "José Leandro Andrade" (in Spanish). espaciolatino.com. Retrieved 2009-09-08.
- Vickery, Tim (23 February 2009). "Music meets football in South America". BBC Online. Retrieved 2009-09-08.
- Goldblatt, David (28 September 2006). "The Rules of the Game: International Football and International Politics, 1900–1934". The Ball is Round: A Global History of Football. Viking. pp. 244–247. ISBN 0-670-91480-0.
- Galeano, Edward (2006). El fútbol a sol y sombra (in Spanish). Siglo XXI. pp. 51, 53, 54. ISBN 968-23-2530-7.
- Andrews, George Reid. "Rhythm Nation". ReVista - Harvard Review of Latin America (David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies) (Winter 2003).
- "FIFA World Cup Star 1930: Jose Leandro Andrade". ContiSoccerWorld. Continental. Retrieved 2009-09-07.
- Davies, Pete (15 December 1997). "Book: Football in Sunshine And Shadow by Eduardo Galeano". The Independent. Retrieved 2009-09-07.
- "JOSÉ ANDRADE". World Football Legends. Retrieved 2009-09-07.
- Pannain, Guilherme (4 November 2008). "Andrade, a "Maravilha Negra"" (in Portuguese). Trivela.com. Retrieved 2009-09-09.
- "Appearances for Uruguay National Team". RSSSF. Retrieved 2009-09-08.
- "Southamerican Championship 1923". RSSSF. Retrieved 2009-09-08.
- "Southamerican Championship 1924". RSSSF. Retrieved 2009-09-08.
- "Southamerican Championship 1926". RSSSF. Retrieved 2009-09-08.
- Findling, John E.; Pelle, Kimberly D. (2004). Encyclopedia of the modern Olympic movement. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 84. ISBN 0-313-32278-3.
- "Tournaments - Paris, 1924". FIFA. Retrieved 2009-09-07.
- "FIFA Player Statistics: Jose Andrade". FIFA. Retrieved 2009-09-07.
- "José Leandro Andrade". Sports-Reference.com. Retrieved 2009-09-07.
- "France Football's World Cup Top-100 1930–1990". RSSSF. Retrieved 2009-09-09.
- Murray, Bill; Murray, William J (1998). The world's game: a history of soccer. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-06718-5.