José Darío Argüello
|José Darío Argüello|
|Governor of Alta California|
|Preceded by||José Joaquín de Arrillaga|
|Succeeded by||Pablo Vicente de Solá|
|Governor of Baja California|
Santiago de Querétaro, New Spain
|Died||1828 (age 75)
Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
|Spouse(s)||María Ygnacia Moraga|
José Darío Argüello (1753–1828) was a Spanish soldier, Las Californias (California) pioneer, founder of Los Angeles, twice a Spanish colonial governor, of Alta California and then of the Baja California Peninsula, and father of a later Mexican colonial California governor.
Argüello enlisted in the Mexico regiment of dragoons, serving as a private, and later sergeant of the presidial company of Altar, Sonora. In 1781 he was promoted to alférez (sub-lieutenant) and commandant for what was to become the Presidio of Santa Barbara in upper Las Californias.
Founding Los Angeles
Under orders from Governor Felipe de Neve, Argüello led the first ten Los Angeles Pobladores families and their livestock overland to settle. Military commander Fernando Rivera y Moncada led the guard, until killed during a civil resistance uprising by Quechan Indians near Yuma Crossing.
Argüello and the settlers continued onward to Mission San Gabriel in the geographic Los Angeles Basin. They founded the Pueblo de Los Angeles beside the Los Angeles River on September 4, 1781. This became present day Los Angeles, California.
- Presidio commandant
He continued on to Santa Barbara when the Presidio of Santa Barbara was founded in 1782. In 1787, Argüello was appointed lieutenant and commandant of the Presidio of San Francisco, serving until 1791 and again from 1796 to 1806. In between he was commandant of the Presidio of Monterey, from 1791 to 1796.
- Rancho de las Pulgas
In 1795, Governor Diego de Borica issued Argüello a Spanish land grant, the Rancho de las Pulgas (Ranch of the Fleas). This rancho was the largest grant on the San Francisco Peninsula consisting of 35,260 acres (142.7 km2). It was in present day San Mateo County, and encompassed contemporary San Mateo, Belmont, San Carlos, Redwood City, Atherton and Menlo Park.
- Alta California
- Baja California
Two of their sons came to public service in Alta California also: Luis Antonio Argüello, California's first native-born governor (1822–1825); and Santiago Argüello, who was commandant of the Presidio of San Diego and alcalde (mayor) of Pueblo de San Diego.
- Point Arguello in Santa Barbara County just west of Lompoc, California, was named Argüello's honor by George Vancouver in 1793.
- In San Francisco, there is Arguello Boulevard, rather than a First Avenue.
- There is an Arguello Park in San Carlos, California, an area that was formerly a part of Argüllo's Rancho de las Pulgas.
- Argüello's daughter is a prototype of the Conchita, main protagonist of the Juno and Avos.
- "Menlo Park History:Early days in Menlo Park". City of Menlo Park. 2002. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Rancho de las Pulgas