José Ignacio Pavón
|José Ignacio Pavón|
|A painting of José Ignacio Pavón.|
|Substitute President of Mexico
by the Plan of Tacubaya
13 August 1860 – 15 August 1860
|Preceded by||Miguel Miramón|
|Succeeded by||Miguel Miramón|
|Died||24 May 1866
José Ignacio Pavón (1791 — 24 May 1866) was a Mexican lawyer, jurist and politician. From 13 August 1860 to 15 August 1860, he served as unconstitutional interim conservative president of Mexico in opposition to Benito Juárez, the constitutional president.
Pavón was born in Veracruz, where he began his studies. He continued his education in the College of San Ildefonso in Mexico City, where he studied philosophy and law (cánones y leyes).
He was an honorary city councilman of Mexico City in 1818 and secretary of the censorship committee in 1820. The city government of Mexico City named him juez de hecho (legal expert) on the law of the press in 1822. Although he recognized Agustín de Iturbide as emperor at that time, he was a supporter of the republican party.
From 1823 he was a senior officer in the Department of the Treasury. Upon the triumph of the Plan of Casa Mata of Antonio López de Santa Anna, Vicente Guerrero and Nicolás Bravo against Iturbide, in 1824 he became an active participant in politics. The Governing Junta that succeeded Iturbide entrusted him with assembling materials to form a criminal code. In 1825 he became a senior officer in the Department of Foreign Relations. He worked to obtain British recognition of Mexico's independence, and for a commercial treaty. He was also interim political leader of Tabasco.
In 1860 he was acting president of the Supreme Court when conservative General Miguel Miramón took Félix María Zuloaga prisoner. Zuloaga escaped and returned to Mexico City, where he asked the Governing Junta to name him president of the country. While the Junta was assembling to debate the issue (it named Miramón president, not Zuloaga), Pavón served as acting president for two days (13–15 August 1860). Afterwards he returned to the Supreme Court.
In 1863-64 he was a substitute member of the Council of Regency of the Empire, pending the arrival of Maximilian of Habsburg to take the throne. He was removed from this position before Maximilian's arrival.
He left politics and worked as a lawyer. He died in Mexico City at an advanced age in 1866.
- (Spanish) García Puron, Manuel, México y sus gobernantes, v. 2. Mexico City: Joaquín Porrúa, 1984.
- (Spanish) Brief biography
|Provisional President of Mexico
13–15 August 1860