José Luis González (writer)

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For other people named José González, see José González (disambiguation).
José Luis González
Jose L. Gonzalez.jpg
Born March 8, 1926
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Died December 8, 1996(1996-12-08) (aged 70)
Mexico City, Mexico
Occupation Short-story writer, novelist, essayist
Nationality Puerto Rican
Notable works Puerto Rico: The Four-Storeyed Country

José Luis González (March 8, 1926 – December 8, 1996) was a Puerto Rican essayist, novelist, short story writer, university professor, and journalist who lived most of his life in exile in Mexico due to his pro-independence political views.[1] He is considered to be one of the most important Puerto Rican authors of the 20th century, particularly for his book Puerto Rico: The Four-Storeyed Country and Other Essays, which was first published in Spanish in 1980.[2][3]

Biography[edit]

José Luis González was born in the Dominican Republic, the son of a Puerto Rican father and Dominican mother. His family left the country and moved to Puerto Rico after the dictator Rafael Leónidas Trujillo assumed power in 1930.[4] González was raised in Puerto Rico and went on to obtain a Bachelor's degree in political science at the University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus. He also studied in the United States, and received a Master's degree and Doctorate in Philosophy and Letters at the National Autonomous University of Mexico. A renown Marxist,[4] González always considered himself to be a Puerto Rican, but lived in Mexico from 1953 until his death in 1996 and obtained Mexican citizenship in 1955, renouncing his American citizenship to do so.[1] He lectured at the UNAM on Latin American literature and on the sociology of literature. He also worked as a newspaper correspondent in Prague, Berlin, Paris and Warsaw during his lifetime.

Awards[edit]

José Luis González was awarded the Xavier Villaurrutia award in 1978 for his novel Ballad of Another Time, and also received two national awards in Puerto Rico.[5]

Works[edit]

Fiction[edit]

  • En la sombra. Prologue by Carmen Alicia Cadilla. San Juan, Puerto Rico: Imp. Venezuela, 1943.
  • Cinco cuentos de sangre. Prologue by Francisco Matos Paoli. San Juan, Puerto Rico: Imp. Venezuela, 1945.
  • El hombre en la calle. Santurce: Puerto Rico, Bohique, 1948.
  • Paisa —un relato de la emigración—. Prologue by Luis Enrique Délano. México: Fondo de Cultura Popular, 1950.
  • En este lado. México: Los Presentes, 1954.
  • La galería y otros cuentos. México: Era, 1972.
  • Mambrú se fue a la guerra (y otros relatos). México: Joaquín Mortiz, 1972.
  • Cuento de cuentos y once más. México: Extemporáneos, 1973.
  • En Nueva York y otras desgracias. Prologue by Ángel Rama. México: Siglo XXI, 1973.
  • Veinte cuentos y Paisa. Prologue by Pedro Juan Soto. Río Piedras, Puerto Rico: Cultural, 1973.
  • Balada de otro tiempo. Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico: Ediciones Huracán, 1978.
  • El oído de Dios. Río Piedras, Puerto Rico: Cultural, 1984.
  • Las caricias del tigre. México, Joaquín Mortiz, 1984.
  • Antología personal. Río Piedras, Puerto Rico: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1990.
  • Todos los cuentos. México, U.N.A.M., 1992.

Essays and Memoirs[edit]

  • El país de cuatro pisos y otros ensayos. Río Piedras, Puerto Rico: Huracán, 1980.
  • La luna no era de queso: Memorias de infancia. Río Piedras, Puerto Rico: Cultural, 1988.
  • Literatura y sociedad de Puerto Rico: De los cronistas de Indias a la Generación del 98. México: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1976.
  • Nueva visita al cuarto piso. Madrid: Flamboyán, 1986.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "González, José Luis." Ronald Fernández, Serafín Méndez Méndez, and Gail Cueto. Puerto Rico Past and Present: An Encyclopedia. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1998. 154–155.
  2. ^ González, José Luis. Puerto Rico: The Four-Storeyed Country and Other Essays. Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishing, 1993. ISBN 1-55876-072-5
  3. ^ Irizarry, Guillermo B. José Luis González : el intelectual nómada. San Juan, P.R.: Ediciones Callejón, 2006. ISBN 1881748413.
  4. ^ a b "Jose Luis González." Biografiasyvidas.com, accessed June 5, 2010.
  5. ^ González, José Luis. Ballad of Another Time. Trans. by Asa Zatz. Tulsa, Okla.: Council Oak Books/Hecate, with the University of Tulsa, 1987. ISBN 0-933031-10-6