José Malcampo, 3rd Marquis of San Rafael

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The Marquis of San Rafael

Don José Malcampo y Monge, 3rd Marquis of San Rafael (San Fernando, Cádiz, Spain, 1828 – Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Spain, 1880) was a Spanish noble, admiral and politician who participated in the Revolution of 1868 as a seaman and served as Prime Minister of Spain in 1871, during the reign of King Amadeo I.

Malcampo held other important military and political offices such as Minister of State in 1871, President of the Council of State and Captain and Governor General of the Philippines from 1874 to 1877, in the reign of King Alfonso XII. During his governorship, the city of Jolo was taken from the Sultanate of Sulu, and the Marquis was granted the titles of Count of Jolo and Viscount of Mindanao as victory titles. He founded the first Masonic Lodge in Cavite. It was called La Primer Luz Filipina.[1]

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Political offices
Preceded by
Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla
Prime Minister of Spain
5 October 1871 – 21 December 1871
Succeeded by
Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
Preceded by
The Marquis of Mendigorría
as Acting Minister of State
Minister of State
(Acting)
5 October 1871 – 20 November 1871
Succeeded by
Bonifacio de Blas
Government offices
Preceded by
Manuel Blanco Valderrama
as Acting Governor-General of the Philippines
Governor-General of the Philippines
18 June 1874 – 28 February 1877
Succeeded by
Domingo Moriones