José María Caro Rodríguez
José Maria Caro
|Cardinal Archbishop of Santiago|
|Church||Roman Catholic Church|
|In office||1881 — 1958|
|Predecessor||Jose Campillo Infante|
|Successor||Raúl Silva Henríquez|
|Ordination||20 December 1890|
|Consecration||28 Apr 1912
by Enrico Sibilia
|Created Cardinal||18 February 1946|
June 23, 1866|
|Died||December 4, 1958
|Previous post||Vicar Apostolic of Tarapacá (1911-1925)
Bishop of La Serena (1925-1939)
Archbishop of La Serena (1939)
José María Caro Rodríguez (Pichilemu, June 23, 1866 – December 4, 1958) was a Chilean Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Santiago from 1939 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1946 by Pope Pius XII.
Early life and ordination
José María Caro was born in San Antonio de Petrel, Pichilemu, as the fourth of the nine children of José María Caro Martínez, former Mayor of Pichilemu, and his wife Rita Rodríguez Cornejo. After attending a local school, he entered the seminary in Santiago in 1881. Caro then went to Rome in 1887, studying at the Pontifical Collegio Pio-Latinoamericano and the Pontifical Gregorian University until 1891. Ordained to the priesthood on December 20, 1890, he returned to Chile in October 1891 and then taught preparatory studies and philosophy at the Santiago seminary.
Caro carried out his pastoral ministry in several chaplaincies, hospitals and parishes, also serving as pastor of Mamiña from March to December 1899. He returned to the seminary in 1900 as Professor of Theology.
Appointed Apostolic Vicar of Tarapacá on May 6, 1911, Caro was made Titular Bishop of Mylasa in association with the vicariate on January 5, 1912. He received his episcopal consecration on the following April 28 from Archbishop Enrico Sibilia, with Bishops Luis Izquierdo Vargas and Miguel Claro Vásquez serving as co-consecrators, in the metropolitan cathedral of Santiago.
Caro was later named Bishop of La Serena on December 14, 1925, and was advanced to the rank of Archbishop upon his diocese's elevation on May 20, 1939. On August 28 of that same year, Pope Pius XII made him Archbishop of Santiago and thus Primate of the Church in Chile.
He was created Cardinal Priest of S. Maria della Scala by Pius XII in the consistory of February 18, 1946. Caro, the first Chilean member of the College of Cardinals, served as papal legate to the Chilean Plenary Council on September 8, 1946, tenth National Eucharistic Congress on September 26, 1951, and later to the sixth Interamerican Congress of Catholic Education on August 30, 1956. Before participating in the 1958 papal conclave, Caro attended the first general conference of the Latin American Episcopal Conference in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1955.
Caro died in Santiago, at age 92, as the eldest member of the College of Cardinals. He was initially buried in the archiepiscopal crypt of the Santiago Cathedral, but his remains were later moved to a funeral chapel at the back of the cathedral's central nave on March 19, 1968.
|Catholic Church titles|
Martín Rucker Sotomayor
|Apostolic Vicar of Tarapacá
Carlos Labbé Márquez
Carlos Silva Cotapos
|Archbishop of La Serena
Juan Subercaseaux Errázuriz
José Campillo Infante
|Archbishop of Santiago de Chile
Raúl Silva Henríquez
|Oldest Living Cardinal
March 29, 1958 – December 4, 1958