José María Caro Rodríguez

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This name uses Spanish naming customs; the first or paternal family name is Caro and the second or maternal family name is Rodríguez.
His Eminence
José Maria Caro
Cardinal Archbishop of Santiago
José María Caro.jpg
Church Roman Catholic Church
See Pichilemu
In office 1881 — 1958
Predecessor Jose Campillo Infante
Successor Raúl Silva Henríquez
Orders
Ordination 20 December 1890
Consecration 28 Apr 1912
by Enrico Sibilia
Created Cardinal 18 February 1946
Rank Cardinal-Priest
Personal details
Born (1866-06-23)June 23, 1866
Pichilemu
Died December 4, 1958(1958-12-04) (aged 92)
Santiago, Chile
Nationality Chilean
Previous post Vicar Apostolic of Tarapacá (1911-1925)
Bishop of La Serena (1925-1939)
Archbishop of La Serena (1939)

José María Caro Rodríguez (Pichilemu, June 23, 1866 – December 4, 1958) was a Chilean Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Santiago from 1939 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1946 by Pope Pius XII.

Biography[edit]

Early life and ordination[edit]

José María Caro was born in San Antonio de Petrel, Pichilemu, as the fourth of the nine children of José María Caro Martínez, former Mayor of Pichilemu, and his wife Rita Rodríguez Cornejo. After attending a local school, he entered the seminary in Santiago in 1881. Caro then went to Rome in 1887, studying at the Pontifical Collegio Pio-Latinoamericano and the Pontifical Gregorian University until 1891. Ordained to the priesthood on December 20, 1890, he returned to Chile in October 1891 and then taught preparatory studies and philosophy at the Santiago seminary.

Pastoral work[edit]

Caro carried out his pastoral ministry in several chaplaincies, hospitals and parishes, also serving as pastor of Mamiña from March to December 1899. He returned to the seminary in 1900 as Professor of Theology.

Bishop[edit]

Appointed Apostolic Vicar of Tarapacá on May 6, 1911, Caro was made Titular Bishop of Mylasa in association with the vicariate on January 5, 1912. He received his episcopal consecration on the following April 28 from Archbishop Enrico Sibilia, with Bishops Luis Izquierdo Vargas and Miguel Claro Vásquez serving as co-consecrators, in the metropolitan cathedral of Santiago.

Caro was later named Bishop of La Serena on December 14, 1925, and was advanced to the rank of Archbishop upon his diocese's elevation on May 20, 1939. On August 28 of that same year, Pope Pius XII made him Archbishop of Santiago and thus Primate of the Church in Chile.

As a bishop, Caro was strongly opposed to the influence of Freemasonry in modern society and wrote several anti-Masonic pamphlets. One of the best known being The Mystery of Freemasonry Unveiled. [1]

José María Caro's Grave in Santiago Cathedral

Cardinal[edit]

He was created Cardinal Priest of S. Maria della Scala by Pius XII in the consistory of February 18, 1946. Caro, the first Chilean member of the College of Cardinals, served as papal legate to the Chilean Plenary Council on September 8, 1946, tenth National Eucharistic Congress on September 26, 1951, and later to the sixth Interamerican Congress of Catholic Education on August 30, 1956. Before participating in the 1958 papal conclave, Caro attended the first general conference of the Latin American Episcopal Conference in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1955.

Death[edit]

Caro died in Santiago, at age 92, as the eldest member of the College of Cardinals. He was initially buried in the archiepiscopal crypt of the Santiago Cathedral, but his remains were later moved to a funeral chapel at the back of the cathedral's central nave on March 19, 1968.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mystery of Freemasonry unveiled

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Martín Rucker Sotomayor
Apostolic Vicar of Tarapacá
1911–1925
Succeeded by
Carlos Labbé Márquez
Preceded by
Carlos Silva Cotapos
Archbishop of La Serena
1925–1939
Succeeded by
Juan Subercaseaux Errázuriz
Preceded by
José Campillo Infante
Archbishop of Santiago de Chile
1939–1958
Succeeded by
Raúl Silva Henríquez
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Alessandro Verde
Oldest Living Cardinal
March 29, 1958 – December 4, 1958
Succeeded by
Georges-François-Xavier-Marie Grente