José María Orellana Pinto (July 11, 1872 – September 26, 1926) was a Guatemalan politician, President of Guatemala from December 10, 1921 to September 26, 1926.
Orellana, born in El Jícaro, department of El Progreso, was a general of the Guatemalan army. He took possession after a coup d'état against then president Carlos Herrera, and had himself elected as president the next year. His father was Esteban Orellana and his mother Leonor Pinto.
During Orellana's term, the quetzal as unit of currency was created. Orellana's image appears in the obverse of the one-quetzal bill, the most common form of currency in Guatemala.
- ^ Biography of Jose Maria Orellana. BiografiasYVidas.com. Accessed March 26, 2012.
- ^ Jose Maria Orellana. Aquiguatemala.com. Accessed March 26, 2012.