José Moreno Villa
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José Moreno Villa (16 February 1887, Málaga – 25 April 1955, México) was a Spanish poet and member of the Generation of '27. Was a rich man who excelled in facets: narrator, essayist, literary critic, artist, painter, columnist, researcher, archivist, librarian and archaeologist. He was also a teaching at universities in United States and México.
After finishing high school in Málaga, his parents sent him to 17 years to Freiburg im Breisgau to study chemistry. He increases his passion for reading while slowly studying chemistry leaves without telling his parents.
Back to Málaga in 1910 and decides to settle in Madrid. Through Jiménez Fraud does it charge translations. There is making contacts with personalities such as Ortega y Gasset, Enrique de Mesa, Ramón Pérez de Ayala, Enrique Díez Canedo, Juan Ramón Jiménez and Pío Baroja, among others. He worked on the editorial Calleja from 1916-1921 as recommended by Juan Ramón Jiménez. He wrote for magazines such as España magazine, Revista de Occidente and El Sol.
Since his arrival in Madrid lived stay at the Residencia de Estudiantes in which spent nearly 20 years, he scored in his intellectual and human. With the Spanish Republic Moreno Villa lived times of stability, was appointed Director of the Archives of the National Palace, improved their economic situation. Organizations entrusted conferences and articles in the newspaper El Sol became a classic. In 1927 he published a travel journal entitled Pruebas de Nueva York (Evidence of New York), after its stay in the U.S. city who traveled to New York with his girlfriend he met in Madrid.
With the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War he moved to Valencia for a short time until he was exiled to the United States where he performed various cultural and educational work at the Princeton University. Shortly after finally go into exile in Mexico, where the married, had a son and developed much of his work.
- Garba (1913)
- El pasajero (1914)
- Luchas de Pena y Alegría y su transfiguración (1915)
- Evoluciones. Cuentos, Caprichos, Bestiario, Epitafios y Obras paralelas (1918)
- Colección. Poesías (1924)
- Jacinta la Pelirroja. Poema en poemas y dibujos (1929)
- Carambas (1931)
- Puentes que no acaban. Poemas (1933)
- Salón sin muros (1936)
- Puerta severa (1941)
- La noche del Verbo (1942)
- Voz en vuelo a su cuna (Avance de ese libro inédito) Ed. Ángel Caffarena Such (1961)
- Voz en vuelo a su cuna prologue León Felipe, epilog Juan Rejano (1961)
- Poesías completas Ed. Juan Pérez de Ayala (1998)
- La música que llevaba. Antología poética Ed. Juan Cano Ballesta (2010)
- Velázquez (1920)
- Patrañas (1921)
- Dibujos del Instituto Jovellanos (1926)
- Pruebas de Nueva York (1927)
- Locos, enanos, negros y niños palaciegos (1939)
- Cornucopia de México (1940)
- Doce manos mexicanas, datos para la historia literaria (1941)
- La escultura colonial mexicana (1941)
- Vida en claro, Autobiografía (1944)
- Leyendo a San Juan de la Cruz, Garcilaso, Fr. Luis de León, Bécquer, etc (1944)
- Probetería y locura (1945)
- Lo que sabía mi loro (1945)
- Lo mexicano en las artes plásticas (1948)
- Los autores como actores (1951)
- Análisis de los poemas de Picasso (1996)
- José Moreno Villa escribe artículos (1906-1937) ed. Carolina Galán Caballero (1999)
- Temas de arte ed. Humberto Huergo (2001)
- Ideografías de José Moreno Villa (2007)