Josceline de Bohon

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Josceline de Bohon
Bishop of Salisbury
Salisburycathedraltombprobablyjocelindebohun.jpg
Tomb in Salisbury Cathedral traditionally thought to be Josceline's
See Diocese of Salisbury
Appointed 1142
Term ended before 18 November 1184
Predecessor Philip de Harcourt
Successor Hubert Walter
Other posts Archdeacon of Winchester
Personal details
Born circa (c.) 1111
Died 18 November 1184
Denomination Catholic

Josceline de Bohon (or Joscelyn fitz Richard de Bohon or Joscelin de Bohun) (circa (c.) 1111–1184) was an English religious leader.

Life[edit]

De Bohon was a great-grandson of Humphrey de Bohun, one of the companions of William the Conqueror. Savaric FitzGeldewin, who was Bishop of Bath from 1192 to 1205, was Josceline's second cousin.[1] Josceline served Henry of Blois, Bishop of Winchester and studied law in Italy[2] at Bologna during the 1130s[3] as well as being an old friend of Pope Alexander III. Joscelin was appointed Archdeacon of Winchester in 1139[4] and Bishop of Salisbury in 1142.[5] His brother was Richard fitz Richard de Bohon, who served as Bishop of Coutances from 1151 to 1179[4] and was appointed Chancellor of Normandy by King Henry II of England.[1]

In 1170, de Bohon was excommunicated by Thomas Becket archbishop of Canterbury for having assisted in the coronation of Henry the Young King, son of Henry II.[6]

De Bohon's son was Reginald fitz Jocelin, who was named bishop of Bath.[7] Some sources say that Reginald was born while his father was studying law in Italy,[2] others that he might have been born before his father became a priest.[7]

De Bohon resigned the see before his death on 18 November 1184[5] to become a monk at Forde Abbey, a Cistercian in Dorset.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Spear "The Norman Empire and the Secular Clergy" The Journal of British Studies p. 4
  2. ^ a b Barlow Thomas Becket p. 78
  3. ^ Turner "Roman Law" Journal of British Studies p. 9
  4. ^ a b c British History Online Bishops of Salisbury accessed on 30 October 2007
  5. ^ a b Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 270
  6. ^ Warren Henry II p. 507
  7. ^ a b Warren Henry II p. 535

References[edit]

  • Barlow, Frank Thomas Becket Berkeley, CA:University of California Press 1986 ISBN 0-520-07175-1
  • British History Online Bishops of Salisbury accessed on 30 October 2007
  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X. 
  • Morey, A. and C. N. L. Brooke, eds. Letters and Charters of Gilbert Foliot, ed. Cambridge, 1967) p. 530.
  • Spear, David S. "The Norman Empire and the Secular Clergy, 1066–1204" The Journal of British Studies Volume XXI Number 2 Spring 1982 p. 1-10
  • Turner, Ralph V. (Autumn 1975). "Roman Law in England Before the Time of Bracton". Journal of British Studies 15 (1): 1–25. doi:10.1086/385676. 
  • Warren, W. L. Henry II Berkeley: University of California Press 1973 ISBN 0-520-03494-5


Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Philip de Harcourt
Bishop of Salisbury
1142–1184
Succeeded by
Hubert Walter