Jose Panganiban, Camarines Norte

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Jose Panganiban
(Mambulao)
Municipality
Municipality of Jose Panganiban
Jose Panganiban.jpg
Motto: Alay sa Diyos at sa Bayan
Map of Camarines Norte highlighting Jose Panganiban
Map of Camarines Norte highlighting Jose Panganiban
Jose Panganiban is located in Philippines
Jose Panganiban
Jose Panganiban
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°18′N 122°42′E / 14.300°N 122.700°E / 14.300; 122.700Coordinates: 14°18′N 122°42′E / 14.300°N 122.700°E / 14.300; 122.700
Country  Philippines
Region Bicol Region-Region V
Province Camarines Norte
District 1st district
Founded 1571
Barangays 27
Government[1]
 • Type Mayor–council government
 • Mayor Ricarte Robledo Padilla Lakas-PDP/PMP-UNA
 • Vice Mayor Ariel Mimay Non Lakas-PDP/PMP-UNA
 • Municipal Council
Area[2]
 • Total 214.44 km2 (82.80 sq mi)
Elevation 31 m (102 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 55,557
 • Density 259/km2 (670/sq mi)
Demonym Mambuleňos
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4606
Dialing code 54
Income class 2nd class (Partially Urban)
Website mambulao.gov.ph

Jose Panganiban is a second class municipality in the province of Camarines Norte, Philippines. According to the May 2010 census, it has a population of 55,557 with voting population of more than 20,000.[3]

The town of Jose Panganiban was formerly known as Mambulao, a word taken from “mambulawan,” meaning bountiful in gold. It was renamed to honor Jose Maria Panganiban on December 1, 1934.[4]

Barangays[edit]

Barangay is the smallest administrative division in the Philippines. Jose Panganiban is politically subdivided into 27 barangays.

  • Bagong Bayan
  • Calero
  • Dahican
  • Dayhagan
  • Larap
  • Luklukan Norte
  • Luklukan Sur
  • Motherlode
  • Nakalaya
  • Osmeña
  • Pag-Asa
  • Parang
  • Plaridel
  • North Poblacion
  • South Poblacion
  • Salvacion
  • San Isidro
  • San Jose
  • San Martin
  • San Pedro
  • San Rafael
  • Santa Cruz
  • Santa Elena
  • Santa Milagrosa
  • Santa Rosa Norte
  • Santa Rosa Sur
  • Tamisan

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Jose Panganiban
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1960 27,144 —    
1970 34,164 +2.32%
1980 30,260 −1.21%
1990 44,408 +3.91%
1995 45,396 +0.41%
2000 46,064 +0.31%
2007 49,028 +0.86%
2010 55,557 +4.65%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][4]

Economy[edit]

Panorama shot of Mambulao Bay
Mambulao Bay

Mining[edit]

It is known that even before the colonizers came, Mambulao was already a flourishing mining town. It was the Spaniards, drawn by the rumor of immense gold deposits in the Mambulao-Paracale district, who mastered in exploring the gold mining potentials of these towns.

From the 1750s to 1800s, Paracale held the major Spanish mines, but due to its closure in the 1790s, its people were living in desultory gold washing, fishing and selling betel nut to Mambulao which has now became the mining center. During that time, there were plenty of small shops but there’s no rice fields and vegetable gardening. All necessities came from Ambos Camarines and Tayabas (Quezon). Fifteen years later, the mines of Mambulao were no longer open. There was still some haphazard gold washing by women of Indio Class whose husbands, it was alleged, gambled away their meager earning in card games run by the town mayor. But by 1818, the population was back to the levels of the 1790s and by the mid-1820s annual gold production levels ran as 3,200 ounces (90.7 kg.) worth Php. 44,000 at prevailing prices. By 1829, Camarines Norte was considered to be wealthy and populous enough to warrant separation as province of its own for the first time. But after the 1840s the mining and population declined. Dr. Fedor Jagor (in his book Travels in the Philippines and The former Philippines thru Foreign Eyes), a well known German traveler who visited Mambulao in 1859, reported that it was thinly populated and that the mining mania was already ruined.[5] From 1837 to 1876 the population of Mambulao and Paracale decreased by 30%.

From 1900 until the early twenties, Mambulao was a sleepy town, isolated from the other towns of Camarines Norte. During the gold bloom, it was dubbed as “Little Manila”, due to flourishing business operated by Filipinos, Chinese, Japanese, Syrians and many others. Dutch-born Filipino citizen Jan Hendrik Marsman operated two rich mines during the American occupation, a substantial dredging operation and the Philippines only smelter located in the Mambulao- Paracale district. The population quadrupled between 1918 and 1938. One of the most notable mining company to operate in this municipality is the Philippine Iron Mines, then the largest iron mine in Asia.

Mining companies operating in Jose Panganiban include:

  • Philippine Iron Mines (defunct) 1925 to 1975, then biggest iron mine in Asia
  • San Mauricio Mining Company (defunct) 1933
  • Benguet Gold Mining Corporation (defunct)
  • Motherlode Mining Company (defunct)
  • J. G. Realty and Mining Company (defunct) 1987-1997
  • Johson Gold Mining Corporation[6]
  • Investwell Mining (mining arm of Isabelo Fonacier Mining)[7]
  • Ferro Management and Consultancy Group Inc. (FMCGI) 2008

Jose Panganiban Special Economic Zone[edit]

  • JPSEZ(1) Situated in Barangay Larap, Jose Panganiban created under Presidential Proclamation No. 508, s. 2003 [8]
  • JPSEZ(2) Situated in Barangay Osmena, Jose Panganiban. Pan Century Surfactants Inc. under the Aditya Birla Group operates in the area.[9]

Infrastructure[edit]

Panorama of Jose Panganiban's Social Center
Inside Jose Panganiban's Social Center

Airport and Seaports[edit]

The International Port of Jose Panganiban (Latitude 14° 17’N Longitude 122° 42’E) is nearly 2 miles wide at the entrance between Calambayungan Island and Pinandungan Point and with sea distance to Manila of 468.10 nautical miles.The port is situated at Barangay Osmeña which is approximately five (5) kilometers away from the town proper of Jose Panganiban. The port serves as the passage of all water borne traffic to and from the Paracale mining area, Larap., Lucena, other Quezon town and the rest of Bicol and Visayas provinces. Copra, coconut oil and copra pellets used to be its principal exports.[10][11]

The Port of Larap Bay is a natural coastal harbor situated at Barangay Larap (Latitude 14° 18' 36" N Latutude 122° 39' 0" E), currently serving the needs of a local mining company. The harbor entrance is restricted due to swell.[12][13]

The Larap (Jose Panganiban) Airport (ICAO Code: RPUP), formerly operated by the Philippine Iron Mines, covers an area of approximately 35 hectares and with existing 1,400 meter stretched runway.[14] It is located at Latitude 14°17′28″N Longitude 122°38′46″E.

The nearest airports that operate regularly are Naga Airport (126 km away) in Camarines Sur and Legazpi Airport (216 km away) in Albay.

Public Land Transportation[edit]

The municipal's public transportation needs are provided by Tricycles, Jeepneys (Route: Downtown to Mountainous Villages), Vans (Route: Jose Panganiban to Daet, and Buses (Routes: Jose Panganiban to Daet via Labo, Jose Panganiban to Tabaco, Albay via Naga City, and Jose Panganiban to Metro Manila). Philtranco, Superlines, and DLTB serves the Jose Panganiban-Metro Manila route.

Electricity and Water Supply[edit]

Jose Panganiban is being served by the National Power Corporation through CANORECO (Camarines Norte Electric Cooperative). A Coal Power Plant is set to be built by H and WB Asia Pacific Pte. Ltd. by 2016 which is expected to generate a total of 300 Megawatts of power supply using green coal technology.[15]

Water supply and treatment is provided by Jose Panganiban Water District, a local cooperative, via a system of pumps and pipes.

Communication[edit]

Mambulao Cable Television and JP Cable TV System provide digital cable services and internet connection throughout the municipality. Smart Communications, Globe Telecom, and Sun Cellular are the mobile, fixed-line, broadband, 3G and 4G internet service providers. International Calls are provided by the Local Government for free.

Medical institutions[edit]

  • Jose Panganiban Primary Hospital Services Coop.
  • Barrios- Businos Medical Clinic

Educational institutions[edit]

Panorama of JPNHS Admin Building
Jose Panganiban National High School's Administration Building

Post-secondary[edit]

  • Camarines Norte State College - Jose Panganiban Campus (College of Engineering and Industrial Technology) formerly Camarines Norte School of Arts and Trades
  • Roy Padilla Sr. (JP) Memorial Technical and Vocational Training Center (TESDA-accredited)

Public Secondary[edit]

  • Jose Panganiban National High School
  • Larap National High School
  • Sta. Cruz National High School
  • Milagros Villarasa-Torres National High School

Public Primary[edit]

West District:

  • Larap Elementary School
  • C.B. Enverga (Sta. Cruz) Elementary School
  • Tawig (Salvacion) Elementary School
  • D. Albonia (Tamisan) Elementary School
  • Pagasa Elementary School
  • L.D. Bamba (Dayhagan) Elementary School
  • Sta Elena Elementary School
  • San Isidro Elementary School
  • San Jose Elementary School
  • San Pedro Elementary School
  • San Martin Elementary School
  • Sta Milagrosa Elementary School
  • Dahican Elementary School
  • Nakalaya Elementary School
  • V. Gabo Elementary School
  • Ulipanan Elementary School

East District:

  • Jose Panganiban Elementary School
  • San Mauricio (Bagong Bayan) Elementary School
  • San Rafael Elementary School
  • Sta. Rosa Norte Elementary School
  • Parang Elementary School
  • Regino A. Yet (Luklukan Sur) Elementary School
  • Osmena (Lukban) Elementary School
  • Calero Elementary School
  • Calogcog Elementary School
  • San Rafael Elementary School
  • Segundo Aguirre (Sta. Rosa Norte) Elementary School
  • Sta. Rosa Sur Elementary School

Private Preschools[edit]

  • Wonderkids Science Montessori School (formerly Wonderkids E-Learning Center)
  • Ave Maria Children Center
  • Good Sheperd Learning School
  • St. Roch Children's Center

Places of interest[edit]

Historical landmarks[edit]

Jose Maria Panganiban y Enverga's Monument infront of the Municipal Hall. Known to have "Memoria Fotografia", JOMAPA (his pen name) contributed to La Solidaridad.

Churches[edit]

Roman Catholic Churches[edit]

  • Parish of Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary
  • Parish of Saint Roch in Larap

Other Christian Churches[edit]

Radio station[edit]

  • Hot FM 94.3 - Jose Panganiban (Manila Broadcasting Corporation)

Sister City[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  2. ^ "Province: CAMARINES NORTE". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Municipal Profile". Official Website of Jose Panganiban. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  5. ^ "Travels in the Philippines" (English) Reisen in den Philippinen. Chapman and Hall, London 1875
  6. ^ http://www.johsongold.com/
  7. ^ http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/38473/denr-execs-want-to-regulate-small-scale-mining
  8. ^ http://www.gov.ph/2003/12/02/proclamation-no-508-s-2003/
  9. ^ http://www.business-in-asia.com/philippines/ph_economic_zones.html
  10. ^ http://www.pdosoluz.com.ph/terminal-port-of-jose-panganiban.html
  11. ^ http://www.anchorageworld.com/content/jose-panganiban
  12. ^ http://www.portarrivals.com/ports.asp?sec=Port&item=58090
  13. ^ http://www.anchorageworld.com/content/larap-bay
  14. ^ "Infrastracure". 
  15. ^ "Power Plant". 
  16. ^ http://nhcphistoricsites.blogspot.com/2011/11/jose-ma-panganiban-y-enverga-monument.html
  17. ^ http://www.makati.gov.ph/portal/roms/roms_view.jsp?cat_no=040&view=cat
  18. ^ http://camnortenews.com/page/?p=4481

External links[edit]