20 September 1909
Geiersberg/Kyšperk, Austria-Hungary (now Letohrad, Czech Republic)
|Died||18 July 1977
Denver, Colorado, United States of America
Josef Korbel (born Josef Körbel; 20 September 1909 – 18 July 1977) was a Czechoslovak diplomat and political scientist, who is now best known as the father of Bill Clinton's Secretary of State, Madeleine Albright, and the mentor of George W. Bush's Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice.
Background and Career
At the time of Madelaine Albright’s birth, her father was serving as press-attaché at the Czechoslovak Embassy in Belgrade.
Though he served as a diplomat in the government of Czechoslovakia, Korbel's Jewish heritage forced him to flee after the Nazi invasion in 1939. Prior to their flight, Körbel and his wife had converted from Judaism to Roman Catholicism. He served as an advisor to Edvard Beneš, the exiled Czech president in London, until the Nazis were defeated.
He then returned to Czechoslovakia, receiving a luxurious Prague apartment previously owned by Karl Nebrich, a Bohemian German industrialist expropriated and expelled under the so-called Beneš decrees. (Acquisition of this property later caused legal problems; see below.) Korbel was asked by president Beneš to serve as the country's ambassador to Yugoslavia, but was forced to flee again during the Communist coup in 1948.
After learning that he had been tried and sentenced to death in absentia, Korbel was granted political asylum in the United States in 1949. He was hired to teach international politics at the University of Denver, and became the founding Dean of the Graduate School of International Studies. One of his students was Condoleezza Rice, the first woman appointed National Security Advisor (2001) and the first African-American woman appointed Secretary of State (2005). Korbel's daughter, Madeleine Albright, became the first female Secretary of State (1997).
After his death, the University of Denver established the Josef Korbel Humanitarian Award in 2000. Since then, 28 people have received it.
The Graduate School of International Studies at the University of Denver was named the Josef Korbel School of International Studies on May 28, 2008.
Artwork ownership controversy
Philipp Harmer, an Austrian citizen, filed a lawsuit claiming that Josef Korbel's family is in inappropriate possession of artwork belonging to his great-grandfather, a German entrepreneur Karl Nebrich. Like most other ethnic Germans living in Czechoslovakia, Nebrich and his family were expelled from the country under the postwar "Beneš decrees", and left behind artwork and furniture in an apartment subsequently given to Korbel's family, before they also were forced to flee the country.
- Choosing to remain a 'forced convert', Ari Beker, Haaretz, October 12, 2006
- Suzanne Smalley: Germans lost their art, too. Family says Albright's father took paintings - May 17, 2000
- Reprint: Josef Korbel's Enduring Foreign Policy Legacy, Michael Dobbs, Washington Post December 28, 2000