Josep Escolà

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Josep Escolà
Personal information
Full name Josep Escolà Segalés
Date of birth (1914-08-28)28 August 1914
Place of birth Barcelona, Spain
Date of death 7 March 1998(1998-03-07) (aged 83)
Place of death Barcelona, Spain
Playing position Forward
Youth career
Sants
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1932–1934 Sants
1934–1937 Barcelona 51 (38)
1937–1939 Sète
1940–1948 Barcelona 115 (55)
National team
1941–1945 Spain 2 (1)
1931–1948 Catalan XI 10 (2)
Teams managed
1949–1950 Badalona
1951–1952 Sabadell
1954–1955 Castellón
1955–1956 Levante
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).
This is a Catalan name. The first family name is Escolà and the second is Segalès.

Josep Escolà Segalés (August 28, 1914 – March 7, 1998), also referred to as José Escolà, was a Spanish footballer who spent most of his career at FC Barcelona. Escolà also played for both Spain and the Catalan XI. After retiring as player in 1948, Escolà managed CF Badalona, CE Sabadell FC,[1] CD Castellón and Levante UD.

Playing career[edit]

FC Barcelona[edit]

Born in Barcelona, Catalonia, Escolà made his La Liga debut for FC Barcelona under Franz Platko on December 2, 1934 and scored the fourth goal in a 4-0 win against Arenas Club de Getxo at Les Corts. During his debut season with the club, he helped them win the Campionat de Catalunya. Under Platko’s successor, Patrick O'Connell, and with a team that also included Domènec Balmanya, Joan Josep Nogués and Enrique Fernández, he helped the club win a further Campionat de Catalunya and reach the Copa de España final in 1936. In the final Barça played Madrid CF and with the Madrid club leading 2-1, Escolà was denied a late equalizer after a spectacular save by Ricardo Zamora.

Civil War and Exile[edit]

During the following season, 1936–37, national football was suspended because of the Spanish Civil War. However FC Barcelona and other clubs in the Republican area of Spain competed in the Mediterranean League and Escolà, Balmanya and O’Connell helped the club win this title. In 1937 FC Barcelona, including Escolà, Balmanya and O’Connell, went on a fund raising tour to Mexico and the United States. The club played fourteen games and opponents included Club América, Atlante F.C., Necaxa and a Mexican XI. In the United States, FC Barcelona played in and won a tournament against a Brooklyn XI, a New York XI and a Hebrew XI and then played a USA XI. In financial terms this tour saved the club, but O’Connell returned to Spain with only four players. The remaining players went into exile and Escolà and Balmanya signed for FC Sète in France.

CF Barcelona[edit]

After the Spanish Civil War ended in 1939, the Franco regime imposed a six-year ban on any exiled sportsmen returning to Spain. However Enrique Piñeyro, the president of CF Barcelona, campaigned in favour of several of the club’s players and Escolà and Balmanya returned from exile in 1941. During their first season back, Barça, with Joan Josep Nogués now as coach, narrowly avoided being relegated after winning a play-off against Real Murcia. Despite this however the club managed to win the Copa del Generalísimo, with Escolà scoring their two opening goals, as they beat Atlético Bilbao 4-3 after extra time.

In 1943 Escolà also played in the controversial Copa del Generalísimo semi-final against Real Madrid. During the first-leg at Les Corts, which Barça won 3-0, he was severely kicked in the stomach and had to retire from the game. In the return leg they were beaten 11-1 at the Charmartín. It has been alleged that the Barça players, including Escolà, were pressurised into losing the game by supporters of the Franco regime. However, the historian Bernardo Salazar interviewed both Escolà and Balmanya, who were part of the squad back then, and both denied these facts.

Towards the end of Escolà’s playing career with CF Barcelona, the squad was reinforced with among others, Mariano Martín, Josep Gonzalvo, Marià Gonzalvo, César, Velasco and later, Estanislao Basora and Antoni Ramallets. In his last years with the club, Escolà helped Barça win La Liga twice, under coach Josep Samitier in 1945 and under coach Enrique Fernández in 1948.

International career[edit]

Between 1931 and 1948, Escolà also played 10 games and scored twice for the Catalan XI. The first of his two goals was scored in a 2-1 win against Brazil at Les Corts on June 17, 1934. He also played twice for Spain, both times against Portugal. Both games finished as 2-2 draws and Escolà scored on his debut on January 12, 1941. The second game was played on March 11, 1945.

Honours[edit]

Player

FC Barcelona / CF Barcelona

  • New York Tournament: 1
    • 1937

Manager

Levante UD

Club statistics[edit]

  • Continental includes the Catalan Championship and the Copa de Oro Argentina.
Club performance League Cup Continental Total
Season Club League Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
1934-35 Barcelona Spanish League 18 18 5 6 10 13 33 37
1935-36 19 13 7 8 9 17 35 38
1936-37 14 7 10 4 24 11
1937-38 FC Sète French League
1938-39
1940-41 Barcelona Spanish League 11 8 1 2 12 10
1941-42 9 3 8 8 18 11
1942-43 15 8 7 6 22 14
1943-44 18 4 4 1 22 5
1944-45 26 16 3 3 29 19
1945-46 19 6 1 0 1 2 21 8
1946-47 14 9 1 0 15 9
1947-48 3 1 1 0 4 1
Total Spain 166 93 38 34 30 36 235 163
Total France
Career total

Sources[edit]

  • Barça: A People’s Passion (1998), Jimmy Burns. [1]

External links[edit]