Joseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg

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Joseph
Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
Josephsachsenaltenburg18341848.jpg
Joseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
Reign 1834–1848
Predecessor Frederick
Successor George
Spouse Amelia of Württemberg
Issue Marie, Queen of Hanover
Princess Pauline
Princess Henriette
Elisabeth, Grand Duchess of Oldenburg
Grand Duchess Alexandra of Russia
Princess Luise
Full name
Joseph Georg Friedrich Ernst Karl
House House of Wettin
Father Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Mother Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Born (1789-08-27)27 August 1789
Hildburghausen, Saxe-Altenburg
Died 25 November 1868(1868-11-25) (aged 79)
Altenburg, Saxe-Altenburg
Religion Lutheranism

Joseph Georg Friedrich Ernst Karl, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (Hildburghausen, 27 August 1789 – Altenburg, 25 November 1868), was a duke of Saxe-Altenburg.

He was the second but first surviving son of Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen (of Saxe-Altenburg from 1826) and Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Joseph succeeded his father as Duke of Saxe-Altenburg after his death in 1834.

In 1814, he and his brother George fought with the allies against France in the Napoleonic Wars. Later he was a General Major in Saxon services.

He implemented several buildings in Altenburg, but his government was considered conservative and resistant to reform; for this, he was forced to abdicate during the civil revolution of 1848.

In Kirchheim unter Teck on 24 April 1817 Joseph married Amelia of Württemberg, a daughter of Duke Louis of Württemberg. They had six daughters:

  1. Alexandrine Marie Wilhelmine Katharine Charlotte Therese Henriette Luise Pauline Elisabeth Friederike Georgine (b. Hildburghausen, 14 April 1818 – d. Gmunden, 9 January 1907), married on 18 February 1843 to King George V of Hanover.
  2. Pauline Friederike Henriette Auguste (b. Kirchheim unter Teck, 24 November 1819 – d. Hildburghausen, 11 January 1825).
  3. Henriette Friederike Therese Elisabeth (b. Hildburghausen, 9 October 1823 – d. Altenburg, 3 April 1915).
  4. Elisabeth Pauline Alexandrine (b. Hildburghausen, 26 March 1826 – d. Oldenburg, 2 February 1896), married on 10 February 1852 to Peter II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg.
  5. Alexandra Friederike Henriette Pauline Marianne Elisabeth [upon her marriage, she took the name Alexandra Iosifovna in a Russian Orthodox baptism] (b. Altenburg, 8 July 1830 – d. St. Petersburg, 6 July 1911), married on 11 September 1848 to Constantine Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia.
  6. Luise (b. Altenburg, 4 June 1832 – d. Hummelshain, 29 August 1833).

Ancestry[edit]

Preceded by
Frederick
Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
1834–1848
Succeeded by
Georg