Joseph: King of Dreams

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Joseph: King of Dreams
Joseph king dreams.jpg
DVD cover
Directed by Rob LaDuca
Robert C. Ramirez
Produced by Ken Tsumura
Jeffrey Katzenberg
Screenplay by Eugenia Bostwick-Singer
Raymond Singer
Joe Stillman
Marshall Goldberg
Starring Ben Affleck
Mark Hamill
James Eckhouse
Richard McGonagle
Richard Herd
Music by Daniel Pelfrey, songs and lyrics by John Bucchino
Edited by Michael Andrews
Greg Snyder
John Venzon
Production
  company
DreamWorks Animation
Distributed by DreamWorks Pictures
Release date(s)
  • November 7, 2000 (2000-11-07)
Running time 75 min.
Country United States
Language English

Joseph: King of Dreams is a 2000 American animated biblical musical family film and the only direct-to-video release from DreamWorks Animation. The film is an adaptation of the story of Joseph from the Book of Genesis in the Bible and also serves as a prequel to the 1998 film The Prince of Egypt. Composer Daniel Pelfrey said "the film was designed as a companion piece to Prince of Egypt...Of course, Joseph turned out to be very different than Prince of Egypt, [nevertheless] very challenging and rewarding".[1][2]

The Book of Angels explains "In this film we are shown how Joseph makes use of his dreams to guide him through his life, and where this adventure leads him".[3]

Co-director Robert Ramirez has said that "The reviews for Joseph have generally been very good, but [there was] a period years ago when the film was not working very well, when the storytelling was heavy-handed, klunky and [when] we discovered as a crew [what] made it a whole lot better".[4]

Plot[edit]

Joseph is the youngest of Jacob's eleven sons and is considered a "Miracle Child" since his mother, Rachel, was believed to be barren. Whilst his brothers work the farm, Joseph, in contrast, is doted upon and educated by Jacob, inciting the brothers' jealousy especially when Joseph grows conceited and arrogant due to being constantly pampered by his parents. When he receives a beautiful coat of many colors from his father, his brothers resent him even more, and fear that he may take over as clan leader upon the death of their father, despite him being the youngest and only their half-brother.

One evening, Joseph dreams that the sheep his brothers' flock are being attacked by a pack of vicious wolves, and true enough whilst his brothers leave him alone to care for the sheep. While they go swimming, a wolf pack attacks the flock and Joseph is nearly killed until Jacob fights them off and saves him. Jacob becomes furious that Joseph was abandoned by his brothers, and also amazed that Joseph's dream came true. Judah, the eldest of the brothers and their leader, merely dismisses this but Jacob is uncertain.

The next night, Joseph dreams that his brothers each carry sheaves of wheat that bow down to Joseph's gigantic sheaf, and that he is a brilliant star in the sky, surrounded by ten smaller stars and the sun and the moon. Jacob predicts that one day Joseph will rise above them all, alarming the brothers who take it literally. They leave and retreat to a cave where they plot to do away with Joseph. Having followed them, Joseph overhears but is found, and the brothers tear his cloak and hurl him down a pit until nightfall. When he's helped back up, Joseph is horrified to discover that their scheme is to sell him to desert slave traders who take him to Egypt. The brothers then bring Joseph's torn and bloodied coat to Jacob and Rachel, who are heartbroken and are led to think he was killed by wolves.

In Egypt, Joseph is made the servant of a wealthy Egyptian named Potiphar. He first impresses him after cleaning the entire courtyard by himself and his education results in him being granted a role in Potiphar's family over time. He befriends Asenath, the beautiful niece of Potiphar. Later on, Potiphar is about to buy a horse, but Joseph discovers that the trader is cheating (by using a defective scale) to gain more money causing Potiphar to imprison the trader as a consequence. He quickly proves himself an asset to his master and the two become less master and slave and more friends.

However, Potiphar's deceitful wife, Zuleika, takes a liking to Joseph. She tries unsuccessfully to seduce Joseph and grabs him, tearing his clothes as he flees in fear. Out of malice, she tells Potiphar that Joseph attempted to rape her. Potiphar angrily orders Joseph to be executed, but when his wife intervenes, he realizes that Joseph is not guilty of his wife's accusations and he reluctantly has him sent to prison. While imprisoned, Joseph shows his gift by interpreting the dreams of the royal butler and baker who are also prisoners. He accurately predicts that the butler will be back to his position at the palace in three days, and the baker will be put to death. Joseph asks the butler to tell the Pharaoh about his talent and offer of help, to secure a release from prison. The butler forgets his task however. Asenath does not forget Joseph, and sneaks food to him regularly.

One day the Pharaoh begins to be plagued by dreams and is told by the butler that Joseph can interpret them. He sends the now widowed Potiphar to retrieve Joseph. Potiphar apologizes for sending Joseph to confinement and Joseph forgives his old friend and master immediately. Joseph interprets the pharaoh's dreams as warnings of an upcoming seven years of abundance in Egypt followed by seven years of famine that will wipe out Egypt if not prevented. The Pharaoh is troubled and at a loss for what to do in order to prevent the upcoming disaster, Joseph cleverly suggests that each year one-fifth of the crops are put aside and kept for rationing in order to save Egypt. Impressed, the Pharaoh makes Joseph second only to him and gives him the name "Zaphnath-Paaneah".

The years pass, Joseph's plan saves Egypt from starvation. Joseph marries Asenath and has two children with her. Joseph leads the slaves and citizens into storing up the chosen grain for the famine and eventually becomes popular with the people for his plan. Eventually, his brothers arrive in Egypt to buy food because the seven-year famine has also desolated Canaan. They do not recognize Joseph because of his older appearance. Joseph is enraged to see them and remembers his hunger for revenge. They offer to pay for the grain with the silver they sold Joseph for - but Joseph hears them say that they have a youngest brother waiting with their father for them; Joseph believes that they are lying about him to gain some of their food and denies them their offers of purchase. Joseph accuses them of being spies and has Simeon arrested and locked in prison. He orders the remaining brothers to return with their alleged youngest as proof.

Asenath is equally shocked and demands to know what Joseph is up to. When she sees through his lies that they are thieves, he reveals that they are his brothers and that they sold him into slavery. The next day the brothers reappear with a young man named Benjamin, who is Joseph's almost identical younger brother. Simeon is released and Joseph asks Benjamin about his family. He is saddened to realize his mother has died, but his father overprotects him, for fear of losing another son. The older brothers lie that they had another youngest brother who was killed by wolves many years ago, angering Joseph more, though he does not show it. He sees through his brothers' lies and decides to exact his revenge on them.

Joseph invites the brothers to a feast and has his own golden chalice concealed in Benjamin's bag while no one is looking. After the feast, when the brothers prepare to leave, Joseph prevents them from going and says that one of them has stolen his goblet. Despite the brothers' protests, Joseph opens the sacks of grain he gave them to take back to their homeland, and out of Benjamin's sack topples the goblet. Joseph then orders that Benjamin be imprisoned and enslaved. When his older brothers implore him to let Benjamin go and offer themselves instead, he is shocked. Judah beseeches Joseph not to take Benjamin, as the shock of losing another son would surely kill their elderly father. He confesses to him and Benjamin that their jealousy and hatred blinded them in the past and that they sold their brother Joseph into slavery, and lied that he had been killed by wolves, and it has haunted them ever since. Touched by their honesty and their honorable show of love for Benjamin, Joseph forgives them and reveals himself. The brothers are shocked but gladly reconcile and Joseph invites them and their families to live with him at the palace. Shortly after, he is reunited with his father who is overjoyed to see him again.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Conception and The Prince of Egypt[edit]

Crosswalk.com explained:

Development for Joseph started while Prince of Egypt was being made, so the same crew worked on both films, and the wide group of ministers who were asked to be consultants on Prince of Egypt also looked at Joseph. Work on the animated movie was based in Los Angeles and Canada, and nearly 500 artists contributed to the project.[5]

Executive Producer Penny Finkelman Cox and Dreamworks worker Kelly Sooter noted the challenge in telling a Bible story faithfully yet still making it interesting and marketable: "we had to take powerful themes and tell them in a way thats compelling and accessible for all ages". They also noted that though it was destined to be a direct-to-video project from the beginning, "the quality of the animation does not suffer...Our approach to the movie was to develop it with the same quality and storytelling that we did with Prince of Egypt", and added that "one of the most challenging parts of the movie was creating Josephs dream sequences, which look like a Van Gogh painting in motion". Sooter also explained "Its a very interactive story...It really is beneficial to be able to sit with a family and talk through some of the things that are happening."[6] Nassos Vakalis, who helped storyboard and animate the film, said "I had to travel a lot to Canada to see work done in a few studios that were subcontracting part of the movie".[7] Composer Daniel Pelfrey explained "I must say the writers and directors did a great job staying true to the story and bringing it into a presentation for a contemporary audience."[1]

Early work[edit]

Ramirez explained the early stages of the film's production:

December of 1997 was a great time on the production. While the script was being fleshed out, Paul Duncan (the head background painter) and Brian Andrews (story artist) were creating some phenomenal conceptual artwork. Francisco Avalos and Nasos Vakalis were doing storyboards based on a rough story outline. Weeks later we started assembling a very talented story crew that included artists that had both television and feature experience. We had a script that was well-structured and followed the Bible story fairly accurately. Once the First Act was storyboarded, we filmed the panels, recorded a temp vocal track with music, and edited it all together to create the storyreel. We were excited and ready for our First Act screening for Jeffrey Katzenberg, which was set for an early weekend morning in the New Year of 1998.[4]

Screening and production troubles[edit]

Ramirez explained how things turned awry at the film screening:

When the lights came on in the screening room, the silence was deafening. All the execs put down their yellow legal notepads and headed down the hall to the conference room (which for me felt miles away). When we all sat down, Jeffrey looked up and said three words: "Nothing made sense." He was right. Nothing made sense. We followed the Bible story tightly. The script had structure. We storyboarded it word for word, yet it fell flat on its face. It all suddenly felt like a horrible, horrible disaster, and the worst part of it all was that I didn't know how to fix it. I was deeply confused, and our aggressive production schedule didn't allow for the story re-working that usually takes place on a theatrical feature. Share Stallings, one of our creative executives on the project, was very supportive and offered encouragement to the crew. She assured me that at least two sequences could be saved by clarifying some visuals and re-writing some dialogue. I couldn't see it at the time, although she turned out to be right. The only thing I could think about was that "nothing made sense."

A new vision[edit]

A major shift occurred after an early screening of the film had a negative reception from studio executives. The focus shifted from disjointed set pieces to a character driven story based on believable motivations. This linetest from Joseph: King of Dreams, animated by Charlie Lee, demonstrates the new philosophy.

Ramirez explained the shift from disjointed set pieces to a character-driven story:

The following Monday morning I was going over the notes compiled after the First Act screening, when I heard a group gathering outside my door. It was the story crew. They were dying to know how the screening went [...] I had to tell them the truth. "What do you mean, it bombed?" asked a board artist who two weeks prior to the screening had pitched a successful sequence. "The sequences are based on good ideas...good concepts, but when we cut them together they don't connect," I responded. "Something's missing." After having some intensive story meetings with Steven Hickner and Penny Finkleman-Cox (Executive Producers), I knew we had to throw away 90% of what we had. They both brought great knowledge and experience, and proved to be the driving forces behind the project. They directed our attention toward focusing more on the characters and their relationships to each other, instead of always thinking in terms of plot and structure [...] The lead editors on Joseph -- Mike Andrews and Greg Snyder -- often had only a few days to cut music and edit many sequences that were constantly being rewritten even as they dropped in the last few sound effects for the next day's screening.

Cracking the story[edit]

Ramirez explained they cracked the story by returning to the basics of storytelling.

When we started analyzing the characters in Joseph, we began to work from the inside out as opposed to just putting together a story. Once we delved into the minds of these characters and dissected their personalities, we started making some important breakthroughs. What does Joseph want? To be a part of his brothers' lives and reunite with his family. What does Judah, Joseph's older brother, want? He wants the love and positive attention that his father Jacob reserves only for Joseph. What does Jacob want? Jacob wants to show the world how much he loves his favorite son, Joseph. Why does Jacob love Joseph so much more than his other sons? Because Joseph is the spitting image of his favorite wife. He's the first-born son of the woman he waited for all his life to marry. Once we discovered the "wants" of the main characters, it was simple to figure out what actions they would take to satisfy them. Another important discovery was finding the voice of each individual. Once we had a deeper understanding of our characters and what made them tick, the scenes had a new spark of life that had been missing all along. The characters were now driving the scenes, instead of vice versa. In time, ideas that were born out of character helped blend sequences so that they flowed into each other instead of feeling disconnected.[4]

Casting and approach to characters[edit]

Mark Hamill, who was cast as Judah, Josephs eldest brother, explained that the choices he made regarding his character:

Judah starts out at a high station in his family structure, and thats all disrupted by this little child who claims to have visions of the future, he says. Eventually, it causes Judah to lead all the brothers against Joseph. I dont think of him as a villain. In many ways, hes like all people, wondering, How will this affect my own life? Hes self-centered and has to re-evaluate all his preconceived notions.[8]

Ramirez explained one of the main themes in the movie by analysing how Joseph reacts upon seeing his brothers for the first time after they sold him into slavery:

"These 'strangers' turned out to be his brothers. Now it was Joseph's turn. Would he follow his initial gut instinct and enslave them? Abuse them? Kill them? Or would he rise above hatred and forgive them? In a nutshell, that's what the crux of the story is about: forgiveness[4]

Jodie Benson (Asenath, Joseph's wife) was thrilled to work on the film, after seeing how well the team led by Jeffrey Katzenberg handled the story of Moses in The Prince of Egypt. For this reason she also had a lot of faith in the production. Benson didn't audition for the part, and was instead offered it. Unlike some of the other characters, she provides both the speaking and singing voices of Asenath. It took twelve days to record her lines, and the only other voice actor she worked with was the singing voice for Joseph, David Campbell. Benson explained her character is the "voice of reason and the voice of trying to do the right thing to reconcile [Joseph] with his brothers". Her character was given a much larger role than what is presented in the Bible; Benson thought developing Asenath further was a good move.[9]

Music[edit]

Score[edit]

All songs were produced and arranged by Danny Pelfrey, and he also composed the score. Hans Zimmer, the composer for The Prince of Egypt, had approved of Pelfrey taking over his role after the latter, a relative unknown at the time, did a couple of interviews at Dreamworks. Pelfrey explained "Through the process [Zimmer] gave me input as to what they like to hear, mostly through the arranging and production of the songs. After that he got too busy but he gave me the foundation and communication skills I needed to successfully complete the project".[1] After receiving the job, Pelfrey read as many different translations of the original Bible text as he could, in order to find story nuances that he could incorporate. In regard to his collaboration with Dreamworks, he said "Before starting the input was pretty sketchy, but it was an ongoing process with lots of dialog with writers, producers and directors along the way. Jeffery Katzenberg always ultimately approved everything. He was directly involved with the entire process."[1] He also explained "I had never done a musical before...[and Zimmer] helped me incorporate the sounds from Prince of Egypt as well as guided me in the song production".[10]

Pelfrey used choral choirs sparingly in his score, with notable examples being "a small female group in the beginning for what I was calling God’s theme, and in the big scene at the end, which was the reunion of Joseph, his brothers and Jacob, his father". This was because the effect reminded him of angels, adding "I also I think it was more appropriate to the sonic tapestry and created a more uplifting feeling".[1] He described his musical style in the film as "World/Orchestral", noting that the instruments used were more regional than specifically Egyptian, incprporating: "Duduk, Ney, Rebaba, Ban-Di, Bansuri, Moroccan Flute, Zampona, and a great variety of percussion including Djmbe, Darabuk, Dholak, Udu, etc etc". In regard to using instrumentation from an inaccurate historical context, he said "I always thought...that the exact historical and geographical use of the instruments is not as important as the evocative or dramatic effect...So, I didn’t really concern myself too much with 'right place, right time'.[1] A temp-track was made for the score, though Dreamworks "were not too attached to it"; some parts were tracked with "Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis" by Vaughan Williams.

Pelfrey said "Since I had never done a musical before, it was interesting to note the difference between producing these songs as opposed to doing a record. In a musical, the songs advance the story and I had to help that process, as well as make the songs belong to the fabric of the film and the palette of the score. Although this was animation, it certainly did not call for a cartoon approach, due to the depth of the story. The film needed more of a live-action treatment to the score. "Joseph: King of Dreams also allowed me to work with the best producers in the business and helped make this a very successful experience both personally and professionally."[11] He explained "[Lucas Richman] is the reason the Symphonic Suite from Joseph was created. He contacted me about wanting to present it in a concert he was doing in Knoxville where he is the conductor and music director, so I created the suite especially for them. He has created a vibrant and thriving orchestra there and they were all very welcoming to me." It was performed in LA by the Los Angeles Jewish Symphony in August 2010.[12][1]

Songs[edit]

Music and lyrics to all seven of the songs were written by John Bucchino. A soundtrack was not released with the film.[13]

  1. "Miracle Child" (Maureen McGovern, Russell Buchanan, David Campbell)
  2. "Bloom" (Maureen McGovern)
  3. "Marketplace" (Ensemble Cast)
  4. "Whatever Road's at Your Feet" (David Campbell)
  5. "Better Than I" (David Campbell)
  6. "More than You Take" (David Campbell & Jodi Benson)
  7. "Bloom" (Reprise) (Jodi Benson)\

Release[edit]

As the only DreamWorks Animation direct-to-video film, Joseph: King of Dreams was released on DVD and VHS on November 7, 2000.[14][15] Special features included "Sing-a-long songs, storybook read-a-long programming, an interactive trivia game, and printable activity and coloring sheets".[16] It will be released on Blu-ray on May 13, 2014, as part of a triple film set, slong with DreamWorks Animation's The Road to El Dorado and Sinbad: Legend of the Seven Seas.[17]

The direct-to-video film was "made available to Christian retailers, but mainly will be sold in traditional retailers such as Wal-Mart and Target and video stores". The sale success of Joseph was to some degree influence whether more animated Bible stories would be released by Dreamworks.[18] As of 2014, Prince and Joseph have been the only two.

Book tie-ins[edit]

Nashville publisher Tommy Nelson, the kids division of the Christian publishing company Thomas Nelson Inc., partnered DreamWorks to publish four companion book titles based on the film, and has exclusive publishing rights to Joseph ("a read-along tape, a sticker storybook, a 48-page hardcover storybook with illustrations from the film, and a smaller hardcover storybook which retells the story of Joseph"[19]). One of them, My Sticker Storybook: Joseph and his Brothers (published 1 Nov 2000) was a sticker storybook that followed the plot Joseph, and was written by Dandi Daley Mackall.[20] The 48-page storybook (published1 Nov 2000, and sometimes subtitled "Classic Edition") featured images from the film, a retelling by Mackall, and was a "stand-alone book, as well as a splendid companion to the video", also written by Mackall.[21] Joseph, King of Dreams: read-along (8 Mar 2001) was a full-color storybook and accompanying cassette which "capture[d] all the emotional and dramatic high points". Written by Catherine McCafferty, it included the song "Better Than I" and dialogue from the film.[22] A fourth book was published as well.

Critical reception[edit]

You Know Better Than I, sung by Joseph (David Campbell) was critically acclaimed by many critics - one of the few universally praised elements of the direct-to-video film. It is about giving yourself completely to your faith and trusting that no matter how bad things seem, God always has a plan

The film received mixed to positive reviews from critics. While praising the film's merits including animation, storytelling, and music, much of the criticism came with comparing it negatively to its theatrically released sequel The Prince of Egypt. The song You Know Better Than I was singled out for praise by numerous critics, as were the van Gogh-inspired dream sequences. Many noted that the animated hieroglyph effects were similar to those from Prince, and suggested that the film stuck closer to the Bible source material than Prince too.

DecentFilmsGuide gave the movie a B for Overall Recommendability and 3/4 stars for Artistic/Entertainment Value, writing "Artistically, the best thing about Joseph: King of Dreams is the visionary animation work in the dream sequences...I caught my breath at the first glimpse of these dreams, which look like living, flowing Van Goghs". However it wrote "Joseph: King of Dreams is not remotely in the same class as The Prince of Egypt. [It] is much more a children’s movie". It said the songs "while cheerful and uplifting, are generally unmemorable", and described the animation as "fine but not wonderful". It noted that "once one stops making unfair comparisons to a theatrical film made on a much bigger budget, Joseph: King of Dreams is very much worthwhile on its own more modest terms". Nevertheless, the review complimented the "ominous tune' Marketplace, and said "In one small way, Joseph: King of Dreams even outshines the earlier film: The spirituality of its signature song, You Know Better Than I, is much more profound than anything in the more mainstream "There Can Be Miracles".[23] DVD Verdict wrote "Joseph: King of Dreams will shatter any expectations you may have about direct-to-video animated features. This is no halfhearted attempt to cash in on the success of The Prince of Egypt, but is instead a fully realized and carefully crafted story of its own. This film could easily have been released theatrically, although its running time is maybe just a bit short for that", praising its animation, music, and storytelling.[24] PluggedIn wrote "while not as eye-popping as Prince of Egypt, [the film] is impressive for a direct-to-video title. Artfully executed dream sequences. Uplifting songs. It also takes fewer liberties than Prince of Egypt did".[25] Lakeland Ledger said "At its best, the story communicated the sense of desperation and yearning that make up the tale and provides a sense of the emotions that underscore the story".[26] Jan Crain Rudeen of Star-News wrote "As with Price of Egypt, the best part of Joseph for me was the discussion it sparked afterward with my kids".[27]

The Movie Report gave the film 3.4 stars, writing "while clearly not on the level of that 1998 classic, it is a solid piece of work that is about on par with the SKG's spring theatrical release The Road to El Dorado"...Joseph is a new technical benchmark for straight-to-tape animated features, putting Disney's chintzy home video efforts to shame. It added "Bucchino's work is downright forgettable; the only song making the slightest inkling of an impression is Joseph's--and the film's--central number, Better Than I".[28] ChristianAnswers.net gave the film 4/5 stars, writing "Although the visual effects were not as outstanding as in The Prince of Egypt, the storyline does stay closer to the biblical version". The site added "The music was enjoyable, especially the song Better Than I".[29] "CommonSenseMedia rated the film 3/5 stars, writing "The animation is accomplished. Particularly compelling are the dream sequences, which almost look like animated Van Gogh paintings", however noting "it lacks [The Prince of] Egypt's poignant tunes and powerful storytelling".[30] The LA Times wrote "with its beautiful, big-screen quality, flowing animation and striking computer-generated imagery--and with its dignity and heart--is a fine telling of the biblical story".[31] Variety said "King of Dreams has just as much cross-generational appeal as its predecessor, and doesn't make the mistake of skewing primarily toward moppets. To put it another way: This is family entertainment in the best sense of the term, for which many families will be immensely grateful."[32]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Recipient Award Result
2000 "Better Than I" Video Premier Award for Best Song Won[33]
2001 Joseph: King of Dreams Silver Angel Award for Feature Film Nominated
2001 Joseph: King of Dreams Annie Award for Outstanding Achievement in an Animated Home Video Production Nominated
2001 Penney Finkelman Cox (executive producer)
Steve Hickner (executive producer)
Jeffrey Katzenberg (executive producer)
Ken Tsumura (producer)
DVD Exclusive Video Premiere Award for Best Animated Video Premiere Won
2001 Eugenia Bostwick-Singer
Marshall Goldberg
Raymond Singer
Joe Stillman
DVD Exclusive Video Premiere Award for Best Screenplay Won
2001 Ben Affleck (voice)
Luc Chamberland (animation director: Joseph)
DVD Exclusive Video Premiere Award for Best Animated Character Performance Nominated
2001 Rob LaDuca
Robert C. Ramirez
DVD Exclusive Video Premiere Award for Best Directing Nominated
2001 Daniel Pelfrey DVD Exclusive Video Premiere Award for Best Original Score Nominated

Differences From the Bible[edit]

The film remains mostly faithful to the Biblical tale, but some changes have been made.

  • In the Bible, Reuben is the eldest of the brothers and Judah is the fourth eldest; in the film, Judah is the eldest.
  • In the Bible, Asenath is the daughter of Potiphar, whereas in the film, she is his niece, although she appears to live with Potiphar, who is not mentioned as having any children.
  • In the Bible, Benjamin was born before Joseph was sold into slavery by his brothers, but in the film, he is born after Joseph is sold, and Joseph is unaware of his existence before meeting him.
  • In the Bible, Rachel died while giving birth to Benjamin - an event that happened before Joseph was sold into slavery by his brothers. In the film, Rachel is still alive when Joseph is sold into slavery; Joseph learns of his mother's death from one of his brothers during one of their visits to Egypt.
  • In the film, Joseph is conceited and spoiled until being sold as a slave causes him to reform. This is not present in the Bible, though it does fit with some Midrashic interpretations.
  • The majority of Jacob's sons go unnamed and do little, with only Judah, Simeon and Benjamin having roles vital to the plot.
  • The film omits the rivalry for Jacob's love between Rachel and her older sister, Leah, who was also married to Jacob and was the mother of six of his first ten sons. Jacob's first wife is only briefly mentioned but is unnamed and is deceased.
  • Dinah, the daughter of Jacob and Leah, does not appear in this film.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Hans Zimmer - www.hans-zimmer.ch - official fansite". www.hans-zimmer.ch. 2010-04-27. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  2. ^ "Original Music Composer and Film Scorer". Danny Pelfrey. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  3. ^ "The Book of Angels: Dreams-Signs-Meditation; The Traditional Study of ... - Kaya, Christiane Muller - Google Books". Books.google.com.au. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Out of Character: The Making of Joseph | Animation World Network". Awn.com. 2000-11-07. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  5. ^ "Archive - Joseph: King of Dreams". Crosswalk.com. 2000-11-03. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  6. ^ "Archive - Joseph: King of Dreams". Crosswalk.com. 2000-11-03. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  7. ^ "Nassos Vakalis | Animation Insider- Animation interviews and articles". 2013-12-04. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  8. ^ "Archive - Joseph: King of Dreams". Crosswalk.com. 2000-11-03. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  9. ^ "Archive - Joseph: King of Dreams". Crosswalk.com. 2000-11-03. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  10. ^ "Original Music Composer and Film Scorer". Danny Pelfrey. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  11. ^ "Original Music Composer and Film Scorer". Danny Pelfrey. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  12. ^ http://www.soaringmusic.com/JosephSymphonicSuite.pdf
  13. ^ "Archive - Joseph: King of Dreams". Crosswalk.com. 2000-11-03. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  14. ^ Hettrick, Scott (July 27, 2000). "D’Works plans reign for ‘Joseph’ vid pic". Variety. Retrieved March 5, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Joseph King of Dreams - About the DVD". DreamWorks. Retrieved March 22, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Archive - Joseph: King of Dreams". Crosswalk.com. 2000-11-03. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  17. ^ Armstrong, Josh (March 5, 2014). "DreamWorks to release "Chicken Run", "El Dorado" and more in Triple Feature Blu-ray sets". Animation Scoop. Retrieved March 5, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Archive - Joseph: King of Dreams". Crosswalk.com. 2000-11-03. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  19. ^ "Archive - Joseph: King of Dreams". Crosswalk.com. 2000-11-03. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  20. ^ "Joseph, King of Dreams - Dandi Daley Mackall, Dream Works - Google Books". Books.google.com.au. 2000-11-01. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  21. ^ "Joseph, king of dreams - Dandi Daley Mackall - Google Books". Books.google.com.au. 2000-11-01. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  22. ^ "Joseph, King of Dreams: read-along - Catherine McCafferty - Google Books". Books.google.com.au. 2001-03-08. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  23. ^ "Joseph: King of Dreams (2000)". Decentfilms.com. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  24. ^ "DVD Verdict Review - Joseph: King Of Dreams". Dvdverdict.com. 2000-12-11. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  25. ^ "Joseph: King of Dreams | Video Review". Plugged In. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  26. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1346&dat=20001025&id=b58sAAAAIBAJ&sjid=af0DAAAAIBAJ&pg=2865,4224017
  27. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1454&dat=20001213&id=mAFZAAAAIBAJ&sjid=7x4EAAAAIBAJ&pg=6583,4668656
  28. ^ "The Movie Report Archive, Volume 77". TheMovieReport.com. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  29. ^ "Joseph: King of Dreams (2000) …review and/or viewer comments • Christian Spotlight on the Movies •". Christiananswers.net. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  30. ^ "Joseph: King of Dreams Movie Review". Commonsensemedia.org. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  31. ^ "'Joseph: King of Dreams' Wisely Avoids the Gimmicks - Los Angeles Times". Articles.latimes.com. 2000-11-16. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  32. ^ Leydon, Joe (November 6, 2000). "Review: ‘Joseph: King of Dreams’". Variety. Retrieved May 30, 2014. 
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