Joseph Bodin de Boismortier
Joseph Bodin de Boismortier (23 December 1689 – 28 October 1755) was a French baroque composer of instrumental music, cantatas, opéra-ballets, and vocal music. Boismortier was one of the first composers to have no patrons: having obtained a royal license for engraving music in 1724, he made enormous sums of money by publishing his music for sale to the public.
The Boismortier family moved from the composer's birthplace in Thionville (in Lorraine) to the town of Metz where he received his musical education from Joseph Valette de Montigny, a well-known composer of motets. The Boismortier family then followed Montigny and moved to Perpignan in 1713 where Boismortier found employment in the Royal Tobacco Control. Boismortier married Marie Valette, the daughter of a rich goldsmith and a relative of his teacher Montigny.
In 1724 Boismortier and his wife moved to Paris where he began a prodigious composition career, writing for many instruments and voices. He was prolific: his first works appeared in Paris in 1724, and by 1747 he had published more than 100 works in various vocal and instrumental combinations. His music, particularly for the voice, was extremely popular and made him wealthy without the aid of patrons. He died in Roissy-en-Brie.
Boismortier was the first French composer to use the Italian concerto form, in his six concertos for five flutes op. 15. (1727). He also wrote the first French solo concerto for any instrument, a concerto for cello, viol, or bassoon (1729). Much of his music is for the flute, for which he also wrote an instruction method (now lost). His six sonatas for flute and harpsichord op. 91, first published in Paris in 1742, were printed with an homage to the celebrated French flutist and composer, Michel Blavet (1700-1768). Today, they are probably his most popular pieces, for they indeed show Boismortier at his most creative and graceful. A notable piece of Boismortier's that is still often performed is the Deuxieme serenade ou simphonie. The violinist Jean-Marie Leclair the elder (1697-1764) cultivated both solo and trio genres with charm although with less profundity. Boismortier and Rameau both lived during the Rococo era of Louis XV and upheld the French tradition, composing music of beauty and sophistication that was widely appreciated by the French musical public.
A full-length biography on the composer, Joseph Bodin de Boismortier, by Stephan Perreau, was published in France in 2001.
The music theorist Jean-Benjamin de la Borde wrote in his Essai sur la musique ancienne et moderne (Essay on ancient and modern music) in 1780 about Boismortier: Bienheureux Boismortier, dont la fertile plume peut tous les mois, sans peine, enfanter un volume. (Happy be Boismortier whose fertile pen can give birth without pain to a whole new book of piece of music every month.)
To such criticism, it is said that Boismortier would simply answer: "I'm earning money."
- Les quatre saisons, cantatas (1724)
- Six concertos for five flutes op. 15. (1727)
- Concerto for cello, viol, or bassoon (1729)
- Les voyages de l'amour, opera ballet (1736)
- Don Quichotte chez la Duchesse, comic ballet (1743)
- Daphnis et Chloé, pastorale (1747)
- Cinquante-neuvieme oeuvre de M.Boismortier, contenant quatre suites de pieces de clavecin for harpsichord
- Daphné, tragédie lyrique (unperformed) (1748)
- Les quatre parties du monde (1752)
- Les gentillesses, cantatilles (short cantatas)
- Numerous concerti and sonatas
Hervé Niquet has a made a substantial number of recordings of Boismortier's works:
- Ballets de Villages (2000) performed by Le Concert Spirituel under the direction of Hervé Niquet (Naxos 554295)
- Motets avec Symphonies (1991) performed by Le Concert Spirituel under the direction of Hervé Niquet (Accord 476 2509)
- Don Quichotte chez la Duchesse (1997) performed by Le Concert Spirituel under the direction of Hervé Niquet (Naxos 8.553647)
- Daphnis & Chloe (2002) performed by Le Concert Spirituel under the direction of Hervé Niquet (Glossa GCD 921605)
- Sonates Pour Basses (2005) performed by Le Concert Spirituel under the direction of Hervé Niquet (Glossa GCD 921609)
- French Music for Two Harpsichords (2000) played Hervé Niquet and Luc Beauséjour (Analekta 23079)
Other recordings include:
- Sonates à deux flûtes traversières sans basse (2001) played by Stéphan Perreau and Benjamin Gaspon (Pierre Verany PV 700023)
- Sonatas for flute and harpsichord, op. 91 (1994) played by Rebecca Stuhr-Rommereim and John Stuhr-Rommereim (Centaur CRC 2265)
- Joseph Bodin de Boismortier: Six Suites, Op. 35 for Unaccompanied Flute (2008) played by Rebecca Stuhr (Lebende Music)
- Les Maisons de Plaisance (1999) played by Wieland Kuijken and Sigiswald Kuijken (Accent ACC 99132 D)
- Joseph Bodin de Boismortier: Sonatas for Flute and Harpsichord, Op. 91, played by American Baroque (Naxos 8.553414)
- Free scores by Joseph Bodin de Boismortier at the International Music Score Library Project
- Flute duett (Kantoreiarchiv)
- Article on Boismortier by Stéphan Perreau on the Eventail Baroque Dance Company site
- (French) Le magazine de l'opéra baroque
- (Italian) Amadeusonline Almanach
- Cook & Weller, op. cit., p. 527
- Cook, Elisabeth, Weller, Philip, "Boismortier, Joseph Bodin de", in Sadie, Stanley (ed.), The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, Grove (Oxford University Press), New York, 1997, ISBN 978-0-19-522186-2, I, pp. 526-7