Joseph Bové

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Joseph Bove)
Jump to: navigation, search
Joseph (Osip Ivanovich) Bové
Фотофрагмент репродукции портрета Осипа Ивановича Бове ( XIX век).jpg
Born November 4, 1784
Saint Petersburg
Died June 28, 1834
Moscow
Nationality Russian
Buildings Triumphal Arch of Moscow
Projects Theatre Square in Moscow

Joseph Bové (Russian: Осип Иванович Бове, Osip Ivanovich Bove, also known during his lifetime as Joseph Jean-Baptiste Charles de Beauvais) (November 4, 1784 — June 28, 1834, all n.s.) was a Russian neoclassical architect with Italian roots who supervised reconstruction of Moscow after the Fire of 1812.

Biography[edit]

Bové was born in St. Petersburg in the family of Vincenzo Giovanni Bova, a painter from Naples who settled in Russia in 1782. He had two younger brothers, Michaele and Alessandro, who also trained in architecture and later became his associates. Soon after Joseph's birth, the family moved to Moscow.

From 1802 to 1807, he attended the school of architecture at Expedition of Kremlin construction. Starting in 1807 he worked as an assistant to Matvei Kazakov and Carlo Rossi in Moscow and Tver. As a full-time employee of the Expedition, he was involved in various Kremlin maintenance jobs.

In 1813, after the Fire of Moscow (1812) that razed most of the city, Bové was hired by the Moscow Building Commission and assigned to lead the "Facade Department", responsible for the approval of new facade designs and for enforcing the placement of new buildings according to the new master plan's street lines. The plan, however, was not finalized until 1817. Private builders were so numerous that Bové and the city failed to control them. Emperor Alexander, visiting Moscow, was enraged to see buildings painted in all kinds of colors, especially deep red and dark green, and issued a decree that limited the city palette to modest, pale colours.

While the Giliardi Family was rebuilding major public buildings like Moscow State University, Bové was in charge of designing and rebuilding the new Central Squares of Moscow and Red Square. His best known project, Theatre Square, was completed in 1825, however both Bolshoi Theater and Maly Theater were subsequently rebuilt, and the square lost its neoclassical symmetry. In fact, most of his buildings were demolished by accidents or real estate developers:

In 1824 and 1825, he participated in the reconstruction of Moscow Manege. He designed numerous private mansions in Moscow, but his most famous work remains the Bolshoi Theatre. Extant buildings include:

The Intercession Church in Balashikha

Bové died in Moscow and was interred at the Donskoy monastery.

References[edit]