Joseph Chitty

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For the English cricketer and judge, (1828–1899), see Joseph William Chitty.

Joseph Chitty (12 March 1775 – 17 February 1841) was an English lawyer and legal writer, author of some of the earliest practitioners' texts and founder of an important dynasty of lawyers.

Life and practice[edit]

He was himself the son of a Joseph Chitty (1729–1795), and his wife, Sarah née Cartwright. He initially practised as a special pleader before being called to the bar by the Middle Temple on 28 June 1816. He never became a KC but built a huge junior practice at 1 Pump Court and published many books.[1]

Chitty was also pupil master to a generation of lawyers, including:

In fact, at the time, the Inns of Court were in decline and Chitty organised lectures and moots, in 1810 being given permission to use the hall of Lincoln's Inn.[2]

Personality and later life[edit]

Despite his successful practice, by 1831, Chitty had amassed extensive debts that were costing almost GBP2,000 per year to service. Further, Chitty's health was in decline and he was becoming increasingly anxious about his parlous state. Much of his energy became taken up in avoiding the attentions of his creditors. He retired from practice in 1833 but continued to publish. He died in London.[2]

Family[edit]

He married Elizabeth Woodward, and they had eight children. Of those, Joseph Chitty the younger, Thomas Chitty, Edward Chitty, and Tompson Chitty were lawyers and legal writers.[2] The judge Joseph William Chitty was a son of Thomas Chitty.

Bibliography[edit]

By Chitty[edit]

  • Chitty, T. (1799) Treatise on Bills of Exchange
  • — (1808) Precedents of Pleading
  • — (1811a) Treatise on the Law of Apprentices
  • — (1811b) Treatise on the Game Laws
  • — (1812) Treatise on the Law of Nations
  • — (1818) Treatise on Commercial Law
  • — (1820) Treatise on the Law of the Legal Prerogatives of the Crown
  • — (1829–37) Statutes of Practical Utility
  • — (1833) The Practice of the Law in All its Principal Departments

Notes[edit]

  1. ^  Hamilton, John Andrew (1887). "Chitty, Joseph". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography 10. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  2. ^ a b c d Lobban (2004)
  3. ^ Hedley, S. (2004) "Alderson, Sir Edward Hall (bap. 1787, d. 1857)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, accessed 22 July 2007 (subscription required)
  4. ^ [Anon.] (1911) "Thomas Noon Talfourd" Encyclopaedia Britannica
  5. ^ [Anon.] (1911) "Henry Havelock" Encyclopaedia Britannica

References[edit]