Joseph Connolly (architect)

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Joseph Connolly
Born 1840
Limerick, Ireland
Died 1904
Nationality Irish Canadian
Buildings Church of Our Lady Immaculate, Guelph, St. Peter's Cathedral Basilica, London, St. Paul's Basilica, Toronto
The Church of Our Lady Immaculate is among Joseph Connolly's most significant works.

Joseph Connolly (1840–1904) was an Irish Canadian architect, born in Limerick, Ireland. He trained as an architect under J.J. McCarthy in his native Ireland before coming to North America.[1] Connolly specialized in Gothic Revival architecture. He is known for the churches he designed throughout Ontario, mainly for the Irish Roman Catholic community, though he also produced some industrial and residential buildings.

Biography[edit]

After completing training with James Joseph McCarthy, the 'Irish Pugin', Joseph Connolly advanced to become McCarthy's chief assistant in the 1860s and subsequently went on a study tour through Europe.[2] He started a practice in Dublin in 1871, but moved shortly after to Toronto where he partnered with surveyor Silas James, an association that lasted until 1877. From the 1880s, he worked with Arthur W. Holmes. Joseph Connolly died of bronchial asthma in 1904.[3]

Style[edit]

Though he also designed secular buildings, Connolly is known for his Gothic Revival churches. He emulated J.J. McCarthy and George Ashlin, the most successful Roman Catholic church architects in Ireland during Connolly's formative years.[4] His work bears some similarities to his contemporaries in Ireland such as William Hague.[5]

Works[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gothic Revival Architecture and Joseph Connolly". Catholic Canada. 2010-10-23. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  2. ^ Thurlby, Malcolm (May 2004). "Two Late Nineteenth-century Roman Catholic Churches in Toronto by Joseph Connolly: St Mary’s, Bathurst Street and St Paul’s, Power Street" (PDF). Ecclesiology Today (33): 30. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  3. ^ Thurlby, Malcolm (1986). "The Irish-Canadian Pugin: Joseph Connolly". Irish Arts Review 3 (1): 16. Retrieved 2012-02-06. 
  4. ^ Thurlby, Malcolm (May 2004). "Two Late Nineteenth-century Roman Catholic Churches in Toronto by Joseph Connolly: St Mary’s, Bathurst Street and St Paul’s, Power Street" (PDF). Ecclesiology Today (33): 35. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  5. ^ Thurlby, Malcolm (May 2004). "Two Late Nineteenth-century Roman Catholic Churches in Toronto by Joseph Connolly: St Mary’s, Bathurst Street and St Paul’s, Power Street" (PDF). Ecclesiology Today (33): 36. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  6. ^ "Gothic Revival Architecture and Joseph Connolly". Catholic Canada. 2010-10-23. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  7. ^ "Gothic Revival Architecture and Joseph Connolly". Catholic Canada. 2010-10-23. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  8. ^ Thurlby, Malcolm (May 2004). "Two Late Nineteenth-century Roman Catholic Churches in Toronto by Joseph Connolly: St Mary’s, Bathurst Street and St Paul’s, Power Street" (PDF). Ecclesiology Today (33): 30. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  9. ^ Thurlby, Malcolm (May 2004). "Two Late Nineteenth-century Roman Catholic Churches in Toronto by Joseph Connolly: St Mary’s, Bathurst Street and St Paul’s, Power Street" (PDF). Ecclesiology Today (33): 30. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  10. ^ "Gothic Revival Architecture and Joseph Connolly". Catholic Canada. 2010-10-23. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  11. ^ Krawczyk, Bob. "Detailed Structure Information - St. Basil's Church". TOBuilt. Retrieved 2010-12-17. 
  12. ^ McKendry, Jennifer. "Chronology of Kingston Architecture". Retrieved 2010-12-17. 
  13. ^ Thurlby, Malcolm (May 2004). "Two Late Nineteenth-century Roman Catholic Churches in Toronto by Joseph Connolly: St Mary’s, Bathurst Street and St Paul’s, Power Street" (PDF). Ecclesiology Today (33): 30. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  14. ^ Krawczyk, Bob. "Detailed Structure Information - St. Michael's Cathedral". TOBuilt. Retrieved 2010-12-17. 
  15. ^ Thurlby, Malcolm (May 2004). "Two Late Nineteenth-century Roman Catholic Churches in Toronto by Joseph Connolly: St Mary’s, Bathurst Street and St Paul’s, Power Street" (PDF). Ecclesiology Today (33): 30. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  16. ^ Thurlby, Malcolm (1986). "The Irish-Canadian Pugin: Joseph Connolly". Irish Arts Review 3 (1): 18. Retrieved 2012-02-06. 

External links[edit]