Joseph Dacre Carlyle
He was born in Carlisle, Cumberland, where his father George Carlyle practised as a physician. He was educated at Carlisle grammar school and then entered Christ's College, Cambridge, shortly moving to Queens' College. He proceeded B.A. in 1779, and was elected a fellow of Queens', took his M.A, degree in 1783, and B.D. in 1793. During his residence at Cambridge he studied with David Zamio (Europeanised name) from Baghdad. He was appointed Sir Thomas Adams's Professor of Arabic on the resignation of William Craven in 1796.
In the meantime he had obtained some church preferment at Carlisle, and had succeeded Paley in 1793 as chancellor of the diocese. In 1792, he published the Rerum Ægyptiacarum Annales, translated from the Arabic of Ibn Taghribirdi; and in 1796 Specimens of Arabian Poetry, translations with some details of the authors selected.
In 1799, Carlyle was appointed chaplain to Lord Elgin's mission to Constantinople, with the special scholarly duties of learned referee. He made a tour through Asia Minor, Palestine, Greece, and Italy, collecting Greek and Syriac manuscripts for a proposed new version of the New Testament.
Carlyle's Poems suggested chiefly by Scenes in Asia Minor, Syria and Greece, together with some translations from the Arabic, were published after his death, 1805, with extracts from his journal and a preface by his after. He had also almost completed an account of his tour through the Troad, which was never published. His Arabic Bible, revised from Walton's text, was issued at Newcastle, edited by Henry Ford, professor of Arabic at Oxford, in 1811.
Some manuscripts from Carlyle's collection
- Minuscule 470
- Minuscule 471
- Minuscule 472
- Minuscule 473
- Minuscule 474
- Minuscule 475
- Minuscule 488
- Lectionary 232
- John Sykes (1833). Local Records or Historical Register of Remarkable Events. Printed for and sold by J.Sykes. p. 20.
- "Carlyle, Joseph Dacre (CRLL775JD)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Lane-Poole 1887.
- Chisholm 1911.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Lane-Poole, Stanley (1887). "Carlyle, Joseph Dacre". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography 9. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Carlyle, Joseph Dacre". Encyclopædia Britannica 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.