General Joseph Dwight (1703–1765) was a military and civil leader and judge in the British American Province of Massachusetts Bay.
Joseph Dwight was born in Hatfield, Massachusetts on October 16, 1703. He graduated from Harvard College in 1722  and was admitted to the bar in Worcester in 1733 and was the first member of the Worcester Country Bar. He was eleven times a member of the Massachusetts colonial council between 1731 and 1751, and its speaker in 1748-9. During this time he had become a colonel of militia, he become the brigadier general on 20 February 1745, and was second in command at the attack on Louisburg in that year, where he led in person the "Ancient and honorable company of artillery of Boston," General William Pepperrell commended Joseph Dwight for his courage and skill. In 1756 he commanded a brigade of Massachusetts militia, at Lake Champlain, in the French and Indian War.
In 1752 he moved to Stockbridge, Massachusetts, to act as Trustee of "the Indian Schools," a position he held when Jonathan Edwards was also at work there as a missionary (1751-8) to that settlement of whites and Christianized Indians. Joseph Dwight remained on the bench as Chief Justice of the Berkshire County Court of Common Pleas until his death.
He married Mary Pynchon and they had nine children. Their daughter Dorothy Dwight married Jedediah Foster (1726–1779). Joseph Dwight built a house at Great Barrington which still stands, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. He was one of the leading men when it came to the management of town business, and in giving direction to inhabitants. He died on June 9, 1765. He was patriarch of a large branch of the New England Dwight family.
- book about History of the Judiciary of Massachusetts
- Life and times of Judge Joseph Dwight and his children
- Benjamin Woodbridge Dwight (1874). The history of the descendants of John Dwight, of Dedham, Mass 2. J. F. Trow & son, printers and bookbinders.
- Foster Family Autograph Collection
- list of children and details Joseph Dwight "Ancestors of Lille Foster". Family Tree Maker on Genealogy.com. Retrieved January 25, 2011.