Joseph Freeman (Mormon)

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Joseph Freeman, Jr. (born July 24, 1952) was the first man of black African descent to receive the Melchizedek priesthood[1] and be ordained an elder in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) after the announcement of the 1978 Revelation on Priesthood, which allowed “all worthy male members of the Church” to “be ordained to the priesthood without regard for race or color.” [2]

Biography[edit]

Freeman was born in Vanceboro, North Carolina to Rose Lee Smith Freeman and Joseph Freeman Sr.[3] His paternal great-grandparents, William and Ellen Freeman, were slaves in Craven County, North Carolina who gained their freedom by escaping to Brushton, North Carolina, during the American Civil War, where they received help from Union soldiers until finding land to settle.[4]

At the age of ten, Freeman was baptized and became a member of the Holiness Church, the faith his father's family had supported for at least three generations. After graduating from high school he obtain an evangelist’s license fulfilling his childhood dream of becoming a lay minster in the faith.[5]

In 1972, at age 19, Freeman enlisted in the United States Army and was stationed in Hawaii.[6] While in Hawaii he became dissatisfied with the Holiness congregations he attended and began to study other Christian denominations. During this time he met several people who were Latter-day Saints including a sergeant in his unit. After several months of studying with Mormon missionaries, reading the Book of Mormon, and being fully informed of the restriction of priesthood ordination for men of African descent, Freeman stepped down from his role in the Holiness faith and was baptized and confirmed a member of the LDS Church on September 30, 1973. During the period of investigation prior to his baptism he met Toe Isapela Leituala, a Samoan convert to the faith of six years. The two were married on June 15, 1974.[7] In 1975 Freeman left the military and the couple eventually moved to Salt Lake City, Utah.

On June 8, 1978 the First Presidency of the LDS Church announced that church president Spencer W. Kimball had received a revelation and that the Lord “has heard our prayers, and ... has confirmed that the long-promised day has come when every faithful, worthy man in the Church may receive the holy priesthood, with power to exercise its divine authority, and enjoy with his loved ones every blessing that flows there from, including the blessings of the temple ... without regard for race or color".[8]

On June 10, 1978, at a stake priesthood meeting, Freeman's name was presented and received unanimous approval for ordination to the Melchizedek priesthood.[9] On June 11, 1978, three days after the announcement of the revelation, Freeman was ordained to the office of elder in the Melchizedek priesthood. The ordination was performed by his Bishop Jay Harold Swain.

Typically men are ordained to the office of a priest in the Aaronic priesthood approximately one year prior to ordination as an elder in the Melchizedek priesthood. Due to his years of faithfulness and spiritual aptitude, Freeman’s ecclesiastical leaders felt that it would be appropriate to ordain him to the office of elder without prior ordination to the Aaronic priesthood. Thus, unlike many men of black African descent who were ordained to the office of priest in the Aaronic priesthood that same day, Freeman is recognized as the first to be ordained an elder as a result of the revelation.[10]

On July 23, 1978,[11] Freeman was sealed to his wife and their two sons, Alexander and Zechariah, in the Salt Lake Temple and thereby became one of the first men of black African descent to receive this ordinance.[12] Thomas S. Monson, then a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, officiated at the ceremony.

In 1986, Freeman moved to Denver, Colorado, where he was employed as the overseer of maintenance of the LDS Church's Denver Colorado Temple for 15 years. He moved back to Salt Lake City in 2001.[13]

In 1993 he adopted his daughters son J.J. Freeman. He lived with them for the next 7 years.

After 2001 Freeman moved to the Salt Lake Valley where he served for a time as an LDS bishop.[14]

Publications[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Several men received the Aaronic priesthood prior to Freeman.
    "Joseph Freeman, Jr.". Genesis Group. Retrieved 10 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Tanner, N. Eldon (November 1978). "Revelation on Priesthood Accepted, Church Officers Sustained". Ensign: 16. Retrieved 10 March 2011. 
  3. ^ Freeman 1979, pp. 7–8
  4. ^ Freeman 1979, pp. 18–19
  5. ^ Freeman 1979, pp. 21, 36
  6. ^ Freeman 1979, p. 38
  7. ^ Freeman 1979, pp. 47, 48, 65, 81
  8. ^ "Official Declaration—2". Doctrine and Covenants. LDS Church. Retrieved 10 March 2011. 
  9. ^ Freeman 1979, p. 4
  10. ^ Elijah Abel—grandson of early Latter Day Saint Elijah Abel—received the Melchizedek priesthood and was ordained an elder on 29 September 1935, 99 years after his grandfather was also so ordained.
    Bringhurst, Newell G. (2004). "The 'Missouri Thesis' Revisited: Early Mormonism, Slavery, and the Status of Black People". In Bringhurst, Newell G.; Smith, Darron T. Black and Mormon. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. pp. 13–33 (30). ISBN 978-0-252-02947-9. OCLC 54487437. 
  11. ^ Freeman 1979, p. 110
  12. ^ "Mormonism Enters a New Era". Time. 1978-08-07. Retrieved 10 March 2011. 
  13. ^ Gorski, Eric (June 9, 2003), "Mormons mark '78 end of ban on black priests: Halt of inexplicable policy hasn't boosted membership", Denver Post: A-01, Archive Article ID: 1153738 (NewsBank) 
  14. ^ Darrick Evenson. "Some Prominent Black Mormons". The Black Mormon Homepage. Retrieved 10 March 2011. 

References[edit]

  • Freeman, Joseph, Jr. (1979). In the Lord's Due Time. Salt Lake City, Utah: Bookcraft. ISBN 978-0-88494-382-2. OCLC 5800205. 
  • Torkelson, Jean (1998-05-29). "Black man a pioneer in Mormon priesthood: Joseph Freeman has served LDS Church for 20 years". Rocky Mountain News (Denver).