Joseph Kobzon

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Iosif Kobzon
Kobzon with mic.JPG
Kobzon at a recent social event
Background information
Birth name Iosif Davidovich Kobzon
Born (1937-09-11) September 11, 1937 (age 76)
Chasiv Yar, Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine, USSR
Genres Russian crooner
Occupations Singer, Deputy of the Russian State Duma
Years active 1958–present

Iosif (Joseph) Davydovich Kobzon (Russian: Иосиф Давыдович Кобзон; born September 11, 1937) is a Russian singer,[1] known for his crooner style.

Early life[edit]

Kobzon was born to Jewish parents in the mining town of Chasiv Yar, in the Donbass region of Ukraine.[2]

As a boy he demonstrated a talent for singing, winning numerous regional singing contests. He reached the national finals on two separate occasions, appearing in concerts dedicated to Joseph Stalin - a significant honour at the time.

Despite his talent for singing, Kobzon went on to technical school to study geology and mining in Dnipropetrovsk,[2] as this was considered a lucrative vocation in the Soviet Union following the Second World War. However, in 1959, following his 1956-1959 contact with professional music instructors in the Soviet Army where he was a member of the armies song and dance ensemble, he decided that music would be his preferred vocation.[2]

Stage career[edit]

In 1958, Kobzon officially started his singing career in Moscow, and enrolled to study at the Gnessin Institute.[2] In the next few years he made valuable contacts in Moscow's entertainment world, and was eventually given a chance by composer Arkady Ostrovski to perform some of his music.

Initially, he performed in a duet with the tenor Viktor Kokhno, but was eventually offered a solo repertoire by many of the outstanding composers of the time such as Mark Fradkin, Alexander Dolukhanian and Yan Frenkel.

In 1962, he recorded his first LP which included songs written by Aleksandra Pakhmutova.

In 1964, he triumphed at the International Song Contest in Sopot, Poland, and in the following year he took part in the "Friendship" contest held across six nations, winning first prize in Warsaw, Berlin and Budapest.

His popularity rose quickly, and demand for his singing saw him frequently performing two to three concerts a day.

His most popular hit song at the time was titled "A u nas vo dvore".

During Leonid Brezhnev's time in office (1964–82), there was hardly an official concert where Kobzon did not take part, and in 1980 he was awarded the honour of People's Artist of the USSR.

In 1983, Kobzon was expelled from the Communist Party and reprimanded for "political short sightedness," after he performed Jewish songs during an international friendship concert, which resulted in the Arab delegations leaving in protest.[3]

However, the following year, (1984) his reputation was restored, as he was honored with the USSR State Prize.

His best-known song is "Instants" from the legendary Soviet TV series "Seventeen Instants of Spring" (1973).

Joseph Kobzon appeared with solo concerts in most cities of the former USSR. He was also bestowed the rare honour of performing international concerts tours as a representative of USSR in United States, Panama, Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Uruguay, Costa Rica, Argentina, Israel, Republic of the Congo, Zaire, Angola, Nigeria, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Germany, Greece, and Finland.

Throughout his career, he has shared the stage with many Western superstars, including the likes of Liza Minnelli and Julio Iglesias.

In 1986, he was the first celebrity to visit and perform in the town of Chernobyl to cheer the nuclear reactor rescuers. Since then, Kobzon has performed on many occasions in disaster areas, and military hot-spots such as Afghanistan during the Soviet-Afghan war, and Chechnya.

Although, Joseph Kobzon officially ended his international touring career in 1997, he continues to appear in regular concerts before audiences around the world, and is frequently seen on Russian television to date.

Family life[edit]

Kobzon was married three times. In 1965, he married the singer, Veronika Kruglova; then in 1969 Kobzon married Lyudmila Gurchenko, one of the best known comic actresses of the Soviet cinema. In 1971, he married his current wife Ninel Drizina with whom he had two children.

Monument to Kobzon in Donetsk.

Achievements[edit]

Kobzon has a reputation for his readiness to help others. He has earned enormous respect amongst Russians for committing substantial sums of his personal wealth to help thousands of Russia's poor and unfortunate, including the funding of numerous orphanages around the country.

In 2002, Kobzon is noted for risking his life as the key negotiator in the Moscow theater hostage crisis. Being the first negotiator to enter the besieged theater, Kobzon's bravery resulted in a mother with three children and a citizen of the United Kingdom being released.

Kobzon has been active in Russian politics, since 1989. He is probably the most experienced Russian MP, and also the one who gets reelected with the largest margin in the country's history. Between 2005 and 2007, he was the head of the State Duma's culture committee.

In 2009 he was bestowed the rare award of Honorary Citizen of Moscow, becoming the 24th individual ever to be so honoured, and sharing this status with people such as Pavel Tretyakov, Prince Vladimir Galitzine and Patriarch Alexy II of Moscow.

To honour his remarkable musical, political and humanitarian achievements, in 2003, there was a statue of Joseph Kobzon erected near his birthplace, in Donetsk, Ukraine. Such an honour to be bestowed during one's lifetime is considered to be highly unique by any nation's standards, and has cemented Kobzon's popularity as a "living legend".

In 2007 Joseph Kobzon's name was entered into the Official Book of Russian Records as the most decorated artist in the country's history.

Honours and awards[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.
Medals
  • Medal "For Services to the Stavropol Territory" (Stavropol Territory, June 2008) - for outstanding contribution to the development of art and culture, preservation and promotion of the best examples of patriotic songs of Russia
  • Medal "Glory of Adygea" (2008)
  • Medal of Merit for the Chechen Republic
  • Medal "Astana"
Titles

Kobzon is an honorary citizen of 28 cities: Anapa, Saratov (1998), Donetsk (2007), Bishkek, Dnepropetrovsk, Kramatorsk, Noginsk, Poltava, Slavic (1999), Chasiv Yar, Cherkessk, Artemovsk, Horlivka and others. He is also an honorary citizen of the Saratov Oblast, Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug (abolished 1 January 2008) and the Transbaikal Oblast (23 September 2010).

On 31 March 2009, Kobzon was awarded the title of Honorary Citizen of Moscow - "for his services and contribution to the organization and development of national culture, long-term activities designed to meet the challenges of the patriotic and cultural education of the Russian people, as well as charitable activity in the city of Moscow and other Russian regions".

Awards
  • USSR State Prize (1984) - for concert programs 1980-1983
  • Lenin Komsomol Prize (1976) - for concert programs 1974-1975, active propaganda Soviet Komsomol songs
  • Russian Federal Security Service Award "for creative contribution to the patriotic education of Russian citizens" (2009)
Other honours

A comprehensive list of all 300+ honours awarded to Joseph Kobzon can be viewed at http://iosifkobzon.ru/activity/rank/ (in Russian).

Discography[edit]

Refer to *Official site of Iosif Kobzon

'Russia's Frank Sinatra'[edit]

Considering Kobzon's career, personality, spirit and singing style, many say that he is Russia's answer to the U.S. crooner Frank Sinatra.[5] The parallels between the two legends of the entertainment world are so uncanny, that Kobzon has been branded the nickname of 'Russia's Frank Sinatra'.[6]

Besides their incredibly successful singing careers, both Sinatra and Kobzon used their popularity towards an active involvement in politics.[6] As a result, to counter their influence in the political arena, they both fell victim to smear campaigns about their respective involvement with the mafia.[7]

For both Sinatra and Kobzon such acquaintances were an unavoidable symptom of being popular entertainers at a time when organized crime was a prevalent force in their respective countries.[8]

The parallels between Kobzon and Sinatra quickly captured the imagination of audiences, and soon became the focus of media articles, books and novels claiming to have detailed knowledge of Russia's gangster world based on inside information obtained from the CIA.[9]

Kobzon has since sued numerous publications for propagating unsubstantiated rumours,[10] presenting a multitude of personal and professional references from the likes of Vladimir Putin and Dmitry Medvedev, who have attested to his impeccable reputation and great honour.

In defending his reputation, Kobzon considered suing the U.S. government[11] arguing that by denying visa applicants recourse to judicial protection, the powers of U.S. consular services contradict the Separation of Powers principles of government, and are, therefore, open to abuse by individual government organs. Kobzon submitted that the visa denial stemmed from allegations contained in a fabricated information file supplied to the Americans by Yeltsin's henchmen, who 'used' the Americans in an engineered attempt at Kobzon's character-assassination. This was a protective measure employed against Kobzon by political powers at the time who were threatened by both his enormous popularity and independent political alignment.[12]

In April 2012, the US once again denied Kobzon an entry visa citing the same grounds as in 1995. Kobzon queried the logic of the latest US decision, pointing out that if the US had any evidence against him, which was in some way pertinent to the country's security or other interests, they should be trying to bring him into the country to face questions, not keeping him out.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Moscow newspaper lists top Melodia pop artists". Billboard. 26 December 1981. p. 76. Retrieved 16 February 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d Red Stars:Personality and the Soviet Popular Song, 1955-1991 by David MacFadyen, McGill-Queen's University Press, 2001, ISBN 0773521062
  3. ^ Kobzon, Joseph (December 16, 2001). "Not Enough of Her For All". Izvestia (in Russian). Interview with Maria Podolskaya. Moscow. Retrieved October 25, 2012. 
  4. ^ Ukaze of President of Ukraine
  5. ^ Interview - Rolling Stones Magazine (Russian) 26 December 2007 - http://rollingstone.ru/articles/music/article/3479.html
  6. ^ a b http://www.jta.org/1998/12/03/life-religion/features/russias-frank-sinatra-protests-communist-activists-anti-semitism, http://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/163285#.UgfHRKCkSlJ, http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/kobzon-ready-to-take-one-last-crack-at-us/454734.html, http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/ukraine-prepares-trial-against-yulia-tymoshenko-on-murder-charges-a-884812.html#ref=rss
  7. ^ http://www.newsru.com/russia/04oct2002/kobzon.html
  8. ^ http://chinovnikam.net/content/18/224/3.html
  9. ^ http://chinovnikam.net/content/18/224/3.html
  10. ^ http://www.newsru.com/russia/04oct2002/kobzon.html
  11. ^ http://www.newsru.com/russia/04oct2002/kobzon.html
  12. ^ http://www.newsru.com/russia/04oct2002/kobzon.html
  13. ^ Nathan Toohey (April 26, 2012). "Kobzon denied US visa". The Moscow News. Retrieved 17 June 2012. 

External links[edit]