Joseph Marchand

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Saint Joseph Marchand
Martyrdom of Joseph Marchand.jpg
Martyrdom of Joseph Marchand
Martyr
Born (1803-08-17)August 17, 1803
Passavant, France
Died November 30, 1835(1835-11-30) (aged 32)
Saigon, Vietnam
Beatified 27 May 1900
Canonized 19 June 1988 by Pope John Paul II
Feast November 30
November 24 (with the Vietnamese Martyrs)

Joseph Marchand (August 17, 1803 – November 30, 1835) was a French missionary in Vietnam, and a member of the Paris Foreign Missions Society.[1]

Joseph Marchand.

Marchand was born in Passavant, in the Doubs department of France. In 1833, he joined the Lê Văn Khôi revolt by Lê Văn Khôi, son of the late governor of southern Vietnam Lê Văn Duyệt. Khoi and Marchand vowed to overthrow Emperor Minh Mạng and replace him with My Duong, the son of Minh Mạng's late elder brother Nguyễn Phúc Cảnh, who were both Catholics. Marchand and Khoi appealed to the Catholics to join in overthrowing Minh Mạng and installing a Catholic emperor. They quickly seized the Citadel of Saigon and the uprising lasted two years.

He was arrested in 1835 in Saigon[2] and martyred, by having his flesh pulled by tongs[3] (the torture of the hundred wounds).

He was canonized by Pope John Paul II in 1988. His feast day is November 30, and his joint feast day with the Vietnamese Martyrs is November 24.[1][4]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bunson, Matthew, Encyclopedia of Saints, Our Sunday Visitor, p. 459, ISBN 1-931709-75-0 .
  2. ^ Vo, Nghia M (2011), Saigon: A History, p. 53, The six principal leaders were sent to Huế to be executed. Among them were the French missionary Marchand, accused of being the leader of the Catholic rebel group; Nguyễn Văn Trấm, the leader of the hồi lương who took the command of the revolt after Lê Văn Khôi's death in 1834; and Lưu Tín, the Chinese leader. 
  3. ^ Bunson, Matthew; Bunson, Margaret, John Paul II's Book of Saints, p. 61, ISBN 0-87973-934-7 .
  4. ^ "Saint Joseph Marchand". Patron Saints Index. Retrieved 2009-06-25. 

External links[edit]

  • "Marchand", Archives (notice biographique) (in French), The Paris Foreign Missions Society .
  • "St Joseph Marchand", Nominis, CEF .
  • "St Joseph Marchan", Saints, SQPN .