Joseph Marcoux

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Joseph Marcoux

Joseph Marcoux (16 March 1791 – 29 May 1855) was a Canadian Catholic missionary among the Iroquois. Fluent in Mohawk, Marcoux was also known as Tharoniakanere, "the one who looks up to the sky".


He was ordained 12 January 1813, and spent the remaining forty-two years of his life evangelizing the Iroquois, first at St. Regis and later at Kahnawake (Sault-St-Louis). He died of typhoid fever, at that time epidemic among the Iroquois.


He wrote Iroquois grammar and a French–Iroquois dictionary. For his church and schools, he translated into Iroquois François de Ligny's Histoire de la vie de Notre Seigneur Jésus-Christ, and published in their language a collection of prayers, hymns, and canticles (1852), a catechism (1854), a calendar of Catholic ritual, and a number of sermons.



 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Joseph Marcoux". Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.  The entry cites:

    • Appleton, Cyclopaedia of American Biography, s. v.;
    • Tanguay, Rep. general du clergé Canadien
    • Devine, E.J., Historic Caughnawaga. Montreal: Messenger Press

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