Joseph Marcoux

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Joseph Marcoux

Joseph Marcoux (16 March 1791 – 29 May 1855) was a Canadian Catholic missionary among the Iroquois. Fluent in Mohawk, Marcoux was also known as Tharoniakanere, "the one who looks up to the sky".

Life[edit]

He was ordained 12 January 1813, and spent the remaining forty-two years of his life evangelizing the Iroquois, first at St. Regis and later at Kahnawake (Sault-St-Louis). He died of typhoid fever, at that time epidemic among the Iroquois.

Works[edit]

He wrote Iroquois grammar and a French–Iroquois dictionary. For his church and schools, he translated into Iroquois François de Ligny's Histoire de la vie de Notre Seigneur Jésus-Christ, and published in their language a collection of prayers, hymns, and canticles (1852), a catechism (1854), a calendar of Catholic ritual, and a number of sermons.

References[edit]

Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Joseph Marcoux". Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.  The entry cites:

    • Appleton, Cyclopaedia of American Biography, s. v.;
    • Tanguay, Rep. general du clergé Canadien
    • Devine, E.J., Historic Caughnawaga. Montreal: Messenger Press

External links[edit]