Joseph Milner

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For the Hong Kong and London firefighter, see Joseph Milner (firefighter). For the cricketer, see Joseph Milner (cricketer).

Joseph Milner (1744–1797) was an English evangelical divine.

Life[edit]

He was born at Leeds and educated at Leeds Grammar School and Catharine Hall, Cambridge. On graduation he went to Thorp Arch, West Yorkshire as assistant in a school kept by Christopher Atkinson, the vicar of the parish, received holy orders, and became Atkinson's curate. At Thorp Arch he made a lifelong friendship with the son of the vicar, Miles Atkinson, who subsequently became a leader of the evangelical party and vicar of St. Paul's, Leeds.[1]

Still in deacon's orders Milner left Thorp Arch to become head-master of Hull Grammar School. There his pupils included William Dealtry,[2] Samuel Marsden,[3] George Pryme,[4] Thomas Perronet Thompson,[5] and Peter William Watson.[6]

Milner was in 1768 elected afternoon lecturer at Holy Trinity Church, Hull. in that town. He now paid for the education of his brother Isaac Milner. In 1770 he became a follower of the rising evangelical school, suspected of Methodism, and the nature of his congregation at the High Church changed. He also undertook the charge of North Ferriby. Hull became a centre of evangelicalism.[1]

Milner's chief friends were the Rev. James Stillingfleet of Hotham, and the Rev. William Richardson of York, who both shared his own religious views. In 1792 he had a severe attack of fever; in 1797 the mayor and corporation offered him the living of Holy Trinity, mainly through the efforts of William Wilberforce, but Milner fell ill and died shortly (15 November 1797). He was buried in Holy Trinity Church, and a monument to his memory was erected in it.[1]

Works[edit]

Milner's published works include essays and numerous sermons, but his best known work is the History of the Church of Christ (London, 1794–1809). He lived to complete the first three volumes, and two more were added by his brother, Isaac Milner (1750–1820), dean of Carlisle, who re-edited the whole work in 1810. John Scott (1777–1834) published a new continuation in three volumes (1826, 1829, and 1831). Samuel Roffey Maitland criticised Milner's history on the Waldenses (1832); the Rev. John King defended Milner, but Maitland published Strictures on Milner's Church History (1834). A controversy ensued, and the Milners' work had a new edition, published by the Rev. Thomas Grantham in 1847.[1]

Other works published by Milner in his lifetime were:[1]

He also edited, with the Rev. W. Richardson, the Posthumous Works of Thomas Adam (1786).[1]

After Joseph Milner's death many of his sermons were found, and these were published in four volumes under the title of Practical Sermons, the first (1800) with a memoir by the editor, Isaac Milner; the second (1809), edited by the Rev. W. Richardson. These two were later republished together. A third volume (1823) was edited by the Rev. John Fawcett, and a fourth (1830), On the Epistles to the Seven Churches, the Millennium, the Church Triumphant, and the 130th Psalm, by Edward Bickersteth. In 1855 Milner's Essentials of Christianity, theoretically and practically considered, which had been left in manuscript, and had been revised by his brother, was edited for the Religious Tract Society by Mary Milner, the orphan niece of whom Joseph Milner had taken charge, and writer of her uncle Isaac's Life.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h  "Milner, Joseph". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  2. ^ Curthoys, M. C. "Dealtry, William". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/7382.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  3. ^ Yarwood, A. T. "Marsden, Samuel". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/18101.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  4. ^ Corley, T. A. B. "Pryme, George". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/22853.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  5. ^ Turner, Michael J. "Thompson, Thomas Perronet". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/27280.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  6. ^ Hudson, Giles. "Watson, Peter William". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/28855.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
Attribution

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain"Milner, Joseph". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.