Joseph Noel Paton

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Joseph Noel Paton, 1866, photograph by Thomas Annan

Sir Joseph Noel Paton FRSA, LL. D. (13 December 1821 – 26 December 1901) was a Scottish artist, illustrator and sculptor.[1] He was also a poet and had a deep seated interest in, and knowledge of, Scottish folklore and Celtic legends.

Early life[edit]

Joseph Noel Paton by his sister Amelia Robertson Hill 1872
'Home' - The Return from the Crimea

He was born in Wooer's Alley, Dunfermline, Fife, on 13 December 1821[2] to Joseph Neil Paton and Catherine MacDiarmid, damask designers and weavers in the town.[3] He is the brother of the sculptor Amelia Robertson Hill and the landscape artist Waller Hugh Paton.[4] He also had one brother, Archibald, and two sisters, Catherine and Alexia, who all died in childhood; Paton erected a monument on the grave of his parents and dead siblings in later life,[5] the grave was probably originally unmarked. It lies on the north side of Dunfermline Abbey and is a distinctive red granite Celtic cross amongst other smaller sandstone markers.

Paton attended Dunfermline School and then Dunfermline Art Academy, further enhancing the talents he had developed as a child.[2] He followed the family trade by working as the design department director in a muslin factory for three years.[2][4] Most of his life was spent in Scotland[4] but he studied briefly at the Royal Academy, London in 1843,[3] where he was tutored by George Jones.[6] While studying in London Paton met John Everett Millais,[7] who asked him to join the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.[2]

In 1858, he married Margaret Gourlay Ferrier and the couple had eleven children[2] (seven sons and four daughters[4]). Their eldest son, Diarmid Noel Paton (1859–1928), became a regius professor of physiology in Glasgow during 1906 while another son, Frederick Noel Paton (1861–1914[8]), was appointed as director of commercial intelligence to the government of India in 1905[3] but was also a noted illustrator.[8]

Career[edit]

The invitation to be an official member of the Brotherhood was turned down by Paton[2] although he painted in the Pre-Raphaelite style and became a painter of historical, fairy, allegorical and religious subjects.[9] Together with Daniel Maclise, Paton was a folklore expert;[10] according to Christopher Wood, an expert in Victorian art,[11] Maclise and Paton were the only artists working in the genre of fairy paintings with expertise in folklore.[10] Paton's knowledge of Celtic legends and Scottish folklore is reflected in his paintings.[7] During his short spell in London, Paton became acquainted with Samuel Carter Hall, editor of The Art Journal, and he commissioned Paton to design some of the illustrations for his 1842 book The Book of British Ballads.[4] Other commissions to design book illustrations included the 1844 edition of Shelley's lyrical drama Prometheus Unbound, an 1845 publication of Shakespeare's The Tempest and an 1863 version of Coleridge's poem The Rime of the Ancient Mariner.[4]

In 1844 Paton's first painting, Ruth Gleaning, was exhibited at the Royal Scottish Academy.[3] He won a number of prizes for his work including for two of his most famous works The Quarrel of Oberon and Titania and The Reconciliation of Oberon and Titania (1847 – Westminster Hall), both of which are available to public view at the National Gallery of Scotland.[12][13] An earlier study of the Quarrel painting was completed in 1846 and featured as Paton's diploma picture[14] at the Royal Scottish Academy that year.[15] The Academy purchased the earlier work for £700.[16]

Made an associate of the Royal Scottish Academy in 1847 and a fellow in 1850. In 1865, he was appointed Queen's Limner for Scotland. He also published two volumes of poetry and produced a number of sculptures. Two years later he received the knighthood and in 1878 was conferred the degree LL. D. by the University of Edinburgh.[13][15]

Paton was a well known antiquary, whose specialty was arms and armour.[3] He died in Edinburgh on 26 December 1901,[3] and is buried in Dean Cemetery[4] (in the obscured lower terrace to the south). His daughter, Hamilton Lora (1868-1921), is buried 10m to his east with her husband, Robert Scott Moncrieff (1862-1923).

Work[edit]

The Reconciliation of Titania and Oberon
  • Cymocles Discovered By Atis In The Bowre Of Blisse, Spencer's Fairie Queene, Book II, Chapter V (1848)
    (Type : Pen, ink and wash Size : 8¼ × 12 inches (21 × 30.5 cm) Location : Public collection)
  • Calvary (1849)
    (Type : Pencil on paper Size : 4⅛ × 6½ inches (10.5 × 16.8 cm) Location : Private collection)
  • Sermon on the Mount (1849)
    (Type : Pencil on paper Size : 4⅛ × 6½ inches (10.5 × 16.8 cm) Location : Private collection)
  • The Pursuit of Pleasure (1855)
  • The Bluidie Tryst (1855)
    (Type : Oil on Canvas Size : 28⅝ × 25½ inches (73 × 65 cm) Location : Glasgow Art Gallery and Museum, Glasgow, Scotland)
  • Home (ca. 1855–56)
    (Type: Oil on Panel Location: Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, VA)
  • Hesperus (1857)
    (Type : Oil on canvas Size : 35¾ × 27⅛ inches (91 × 69 cm) Location : Glasgow Art Gallery and Museum, Glasgow, Scotland)
  • In Memoriam (1858)
    (Type : Oil on panel Size : 48⅜ × 37⅞ inches (123 × 96.5 cm) Location : Private collection)
  • By a Painter (1861) Poem
  • Mors Janua Vitae (1866)
  • Spindrift (1867) Poem
  • Oskold and the Ell-maids (1874)
  • The Man with the Muck-Rake (1875–9)[17]
    (Location : Ferens Art Gallery, Hull City Museums collection,[18] also a study for the same work (1872)[19])
  • In Die Malo (1882)
  • How an Angel rowed Sir Galahad across the Dern Mere (1888)
    (Type : Oil on canvas Location : Private collection)
  • Oberon and the Mermaid (1888)
    (Type : Oil on canvas Location : Private collection)
  • The Spirit of Religion (cartoon) at Dunfermline City Chambers
  • Sir Galahad
    (Type : Oil on canvas Location : Private collection)
  • Warriors
    (Type : Oil on canvas Size : 23 × 27⅞ inches (58.5 × 71 cm) Location : Private collection)

Gallery[edit]


Grave of Joseph Noel Paton in Dean Cemetery
Paton's monument to his parents and siblings who died in childhood, Dunfermline Abbey

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations

  1. ^ "Artrenewal - Joseph Noel Paton". www.artrenewal.org. Retrieved November 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Sir Joseph Noel Paton". Chris Beetles Gallery. Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Paton, Sir Joseph Noel". World Classic Gallery. Archived from the original on 19 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Bown, Nicola (2004). "Paton, Sir (Joseph) Noël (1821–1901)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. Retrieved 19 December 2014.  (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  5. ^ Paton's monument (monument). Dunfermline Abbey. 
  6. ^ Unknown (1881), p. 121
  7. ^ a b Wood (2008), p. 86
  8. ^ a b "Death of noted artist", Dundee Evening Telegraph (11679), 2 July 1914, p. 1 – via British Newspaper Archive, (subscription required (help)) 
  9. ^ "Joseph Noel Paton". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved November 2014. 
  10. ^ a b Wood (2008), p. 14
  11. ^ "Obituary of Christopher Wood", The Daily Telegraph, 27 January 2009: 29 
  12. ^ "Sir Joseph Noel Paton". National Galleries of Scotland. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  13. ^ a b Nahum, Peter. "Sir Joseph Noel Paton". The Leicester Galleries. Archived from the original on 19 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  14. ^ "The Reconciliation of Oberon and Titania", National Galleries of Scotland, archived from the original on 21 November 2014, retrieved 21 November 2014 
  15. ^ a b Schindler, Richard, "Joseph Noel Paton's Contribution to Fairy Painting", The Victorian Web, archived from the original on 21 November 2014, retrieved 20 November 2014 
  16. ^ Oxford University Press (2012), p. 193
  17. ^ "Collections – Search Results (Hull City Council Museums)". www.hullcc.gov.uk. 
  18. ^ "The Man with the Muck Rake". www.hullcc.gov.uk. 
  19. ^ "CPWG". www.culturalpropertyadvice.gov.uk. Joseph Noel Paton, Study: The Man with the Muck Rake, 1872. 

Bibliography

External links[edit]