Joseph Paul-Boncour

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Joseph Paul-Boncour
Joseph Paul-Boncour 1923.jpg
104th Prime Minister of France
In office
18 December 1932 – 31 January 1933
Preceded by Édouard Herriot
Succeeded by Édouard Daladier
Personal details
Born 4 August 1873
Died 28 March 1972(1972-03-28) (aged 98)
Political party PRS

Augustin Alfred Joseph Paul-Boncour (French pronunciation: ​[ʒɔzɛf pɔl bɔ̃kuʁ]; 4 August 1873 – 28 March 1972) was a French politician of the Third Republic.

Career[edit]

Born in Saint-Aignan, Loir-et-Cher, Paul-Boncour received a law degree from the University of Paris and became active in the labor movement, organizing the legal council of the Bourses du Travail (workers' associations). He was private secretary to Premier Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau from 1898 to 1902. Elected to the Chamber of Deputies as a Radical in 1909, he held his seat until 1914, briefly serving as Minister of Labour from March to June 1911. After serving in the military during World War I, he returned to the French National Assembly.

Turning to Socialism, he joined the SFIO in 1916, but resigned in 1931 to join the Republican-Socialist Party (PRS), which in 1935 merged with the French Socialist Party (PSF) and the Socialist Party of France-Jean Jaurès Union PSdF) to form the Socialist Republican Union (USR). Also in 1931, Paul-Boncour was elected to the Senate, and served in that capacity until the establishment of the Vichy régime in 1940 (during World War II).

During his time as a Senator, Paul-Boncour served in a variety of cabinent and diplomatic posts. He was the Permanent Delegate to the League of Nations from 1932 to 1936, Minister of War in 1932, Premier from December 1932 to January 1933, and Foreign Minister on three separate occasions (December 1932 to January 1934, January to June 1936, and March 1938).

Paul-Boncour was opposed to the formation of the Vichy government, and recommended continuing the fight against Nazi Germany after the fall of France, from Algiers. As a member of the Consultative Assembly from 1944, he led the French delegation to the United Nations conference in San Francisco and signed the United Nations Charter on behalf of France. He once again served as a senator from 1946 to 1948.

He died in Paris in March 1972.

Paul-Boncour's Ministry, 18 December 1932 – 31 January 1933[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Louis Lafferre
Minister of Labour and Social Security
1911
Succeeded by
René Renoult
Preceded by
François Piétri
Minister of War
1932
Succeeded by
Édouard Daladier
Preceded by
Édouard Herriot
President of the Council
1932–1933
Succeeded by
Édouard Daladier
Preceded by
Édouard Herriot
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1932–1934
Succeeded by
Édouard Daladier
Preceded by
Jean Fabry
Minister of National Defense and War
1934
Succeeded by
Philippe Pétain
Preceded by
Yvon Delbos
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1938
Succeeded by
Georges Bonnet
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Minister of State, Permanent Delegate to the League of Nations
1936
Succeeded by