Joseph Pickford

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Joseph Pickford's children painted by Joseph Wright

Joseph Pickford (bap. 1734–1782)[1] was an English architect, one of the leading provincial architects in the reign of George III.

Biography[edit]

Pickford was born in Warwickshire in 1734 but he moved as child to London when his father died. Pickford's initial training was undertaken under the stonemason and sculptor Joseph Pickford (his uncle), at his Hyde Park, London premises. Pickford worked with his uncle for about ten years, training first as a mason and then as an architect.[2] Pickford at one time had offices in both London and Derby. The architect moved to Derby in circa 1760, where he was the agent of Foremarke Hall architect David Hiorne of Warwick.[2] He was married to Mary, daughter of Thomas Wilkins who was the principal agent of Wenman Coke of Longford Hall, Derbyshire[2] which Pickford altered around 1762. The house he designed for himself, Number 41 Friar Gate, is now the Pickford's House Museum and also a Grade I listed building. However from April 2006 the building was only available to pre arranged groups.[3]

Pickford worked extensively throughout the Midland counties of England, primarily designing town and country houses in the Palladian style. A significant number of his friends and clients were members of the influential Lunar Society, including the potter Josiah Wedgwood, the painter Joseph Wright of Derby, and the inventors Matthew Boulton and John Whitehurst.

In early 2013 Derby City Council and Derby Civic Society announced they would erect a Blue Plaque as a memorial on Pickford's House in Derby.[4]

Principal works[edit]

  • St Helen's House, King Street, Derby, Derbyshire (1766–67) for John Gisbourne.
  • Hams Hall, Coleshill, Warwickshire for CB Adderely (1768, now demolished).
  • Etruria Hall, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire for Josiah Wedgwood (1768–70, now comprises part of a hotel).
  • St Mary's Church, Gun Quarter, Birmingham, West Midlands (1773-4, now demolished).

Gallery of architectural work[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Joseph Pickford". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-07-03. 
  2. ^ a b c Saunders, Edward (1984). "The Villas and Town Houses of Joseph Pickford of Derby (1736-82)". Architectural History (SAHGB Publications Limited) 27 (Design and Practice in British Architecture: Studies in Architectural History Presented to Howard Colvin): 308–319. JSTOR 1568473. 
  3. ^ "Protesters opposing museum cuts". BBC. 2006-01-21. Retrieved 2010-07-03. 
  4. ^ Derby Evening Telegraph, 12 Feb 2013, "List Of Derbeians To Be Honoured"

Sources[edit]

The principal published source for information on Pickford is Edward Saunders, Joseph Pickford of Derby A Georgian Architect (Alan Sutton, 1993)