Joseph Projectus Machebeuf

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Right Rev. Joseph Projectus Machebeuf
Bishop of Denver
Bishop Joseph Projectus Machebeuf.jpg
Church Roman Catholic Church
See Denver
In office August 16, 1868—July 10, 1889
Predecessor none
Successor Nicholas Chrysostom Matz
Orders
Ordination December 17, 1836
Consecration August 16, 1868
by John Baptist Purcell
Personal details
Born (1812-08-11)August 11, 1812
Riom, Puy-de-Dôme, France
Died July 10, 1889(1889-07-10) (aged 76)
Denver, Colorado, United States

Joseph Projectus Machebeuf (August 11, 1812 – July 10, 1889) was a French Roman Catholic missionary and the first Bishop of Denver.

Biography[edit]

The oldest of three children, Machebeuf was born in Riom to Michael and Gilberte (née Plauc) Machebeuf.[1] He received his early education from the Brothers of the Christian Schools, and studied the classics in the college of his native city.[1] He then entered the Sulpician-run seminary of Montferrand in 1831, and upon completing his course in philosophy and theology, was ordained to the priesthood by Bishop Louis-Charles Féron on December 17, 1836.[2] He served as a curate in Le Cendre until 1839, when he accepted the invitation of Bishop John Baptist Purcell to join the Diocese of Cincinnati, Ohio, in the United States.[1] He was first assigned as a curate in Tiffin and then as pastor of Lower Sandusky and Sandusky, Ohio in 1841. He founded Holy Angels Catholic Church, Sandusky, St Ann's Catholic Church, Fremont, and St Philomena's Catholic Church, La Prarie, before leaving Ohio in 1851 to join his friend, Jean-Baptiste Lamy in New Mexico.

Following the elevation of Jean-Baptiste Lamy to Vicar Apostolic of New Mexico in 1850, Machebeuf accompanied him and became his vicar general. He served as pastor at Albuquerque (1853–1858) and at Santa Fe (1858–1860) before being transferred to Colorado, where he was thrown from his carriage while descending a spur of the Rocky Mountains and lamed for life. In Colorado, he organized parishes, procured priests and by 1868 had erected eighteen churches, among them being the first church in Denver.

On March 3, 1868, Machebeuf was appointed Vicar Apostolic of Colorado and Utah as well as Titular Bishop of Epiphania in Cilicia by Pope Pius IX.[2] He received his episcopal consecration on the following August 16 from Bishop Purcell, with Bishops Louis Amadeus Rappe and Louis De Goesbriand serving as co-consecrators.[2] He founded an academy and a school for boys in Denver, a convent of the Sisters of Loretto, St. Joseph's Hospital, House of the Good Shepherd and the College of the Sacred Heart. The Catholic population of Colorado increased under his tenure from a few thousand to upward of 50,000.

On August 7, 1887, the vicariate was elevated to the rank of a diocese, and Machebeuf was named its first bishop.[2] He died two years later, aged 76.

His life was the basis for the character Joseph Vaillant in Willa Cather's 1927 novel Death Comes for the Archbishop.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Howlett, William J. Life of the Right Reverend Joseph P. Machebeuf, D.D. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Bishop Joseph Projectus Machebeuf (Macheboeuf)". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. 
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
none
Bishop of Denver
March 3, 1868 – July 10, a1889
Succeeded by
Nicholas Chrysostom Matz