Joseph R. Davis

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Major-General
Joseph Robert Davis
JRDavis.jpg
Nickname(s) "Joe"
Born (1825-01-12)January 12, 1825
Woodville, Mississippi
Died September 15, 1896(1896-09-15) (aged 71)
Biloxi Cemetery,
Biloxi, Mississippi
Buried at Biloxi, Mississippi
Allegiance  Republic of Mississippi
 Confederate States of America
 United States of America
Rank Army-USA-OF-02.svg Captain (militia)
Commands held Madison Rifles
Battles/wars

American Civil War

Spouse(s) Frances Peyton
(m. 1848, div. 1878)
Margaret Green
(m. 1879)
Relations Isaac Davis (father)
Susannah Gartley (mother)
Varina Davis (daughter)
Edith Davis (daughter)
Other work Lawyer, politician

Joseph Robert Davis (January 12, 1825 – September 15, 1896) was a lawyer, planter, state legislator, militia officer, Brigadier-General in the Confederate States Army, and Major-General in the Mississippi National Guard.[1][2][3]

Early life and education[edit]

Joe Davis was born in Woodville, Mississippi, January 12, 1825, and was educated in Nashville and at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. Trained in the law, he practiced his profession in Madison County, Mississippi, and was elected to the Mississippi Senate in 1860.[4]

American Civil War[edit]

Entering Confederate service as Captain of Militia from Madison County, Davis was soon made Lieutenant-Colonel of the Tenth Regiment, Mississippi Volunteers, after which he served on his uncle's staff in Richmond with the rank of colonel.[5] Commissioned brigadier-general to rank from September 15, 1862, and confirmed by the Senate only after charges of nepotism were freely aired and his nomination once rejected, Davis was assigned a brigade in the Army of Northern Virginia. His first battle was Gettysburg, where his many of his men were trapped and slaughtered or captured in the Railroad Cut west of town on July 1. On the third day of the battle, Davis' Brigade, together with others from Heth's Division, participated in Longstreet's Asssault (also known as Pickett's Charge). Davis also participated in the Wilderness Campaign, and during the siege of Petersburg.[6]

Later years[edit]

Paroled at Appomattox Court-House in April 1865, Davis returned to Mississippi and resumed his law practice, spending the remainder of his life at Biloxi, where he died, September 15, 1896, and where he is buried at Biloxi City Cemetery.[7][8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Goodspeed, 1891, p. 38.
  2. ^ Biloxi Herald, 1896.
  3. ^ Warner, 1959, pp. 68-69.
  4. ^ Warner, 1959, pp. 68-69.
  5. ^ Hooker, 1899, pp. 249-50.
  6. ^ Warner, 1959, pp. 68-69.
  7. ^ Hooker, 1899, pp. 249-50.
  8. ^ Warner, 1959, pp. 68-69.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Chesnut, Mary (1905). A Diary from Dixie. Ed. Isabella D. Martin and Myrta Lockett Avary. New York: Appleton.
  • Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher (2001). Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
  • Gottfried, Bradley M. (2012). Brigades of Gettysburg – The Union and Confederate Brigades at the Battle of Gettysburg. New York: Skyhorse Publishing. ISBN 978-1-61608-401-1.
  • Jones, J. B. (1866). Vol. I of A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital. 2 vols. Philadelphia: Lippincott.
  • Pfanz, Harry W (2001). Gettysburg – The First Day. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 0-8078-2624-3.
  • Roberts, Bobby and Carl Moneyhon (1993). Portraits of Conflict – A Photographic History of Mississippi in the Civil War. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press. ISBN 1-55728-260-9.
  • United Confederate Veterans. Miss. Div. (1892). Proceedings of the Second Annual Grand Camp of Confederate Veterans of Mississippi, at Natchez, October 7 – 8, 1891. Jackson: Clarion Printing Establishment.
  • Williams, T. P. (1999) The Mississippi Brigade of Brig. Gen. Joseph R. Davis – A Geographical Account of Its Campaigns and a Biographical Account of Its Personalities, 1861-1865. Dayton, Ohio: Morningside House. ISBN 0-89029-335-X.

External links[edit]