Joseph R. Davis

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Joseph Robert Davis
Nickname(s) Joe
Born (1825-01-12)January 12, 1825
Woodville, Mississippi
Died September 15, 1896(1896-09-15) (aged 71)
Biloxi, Mississippi
Buried at Biloxi, Mississippi
Allegiance  Republic of Mississippi
 Confederate States
 United States
Rank Army-USA-OF-02.svg Captain (militia)
Commands held Madison Rifles

American Civil War

Spouse(s) Frances Peyton
(m. 1848, div. 1878)
Margaret Green
(m. 1879)
Relations Isaac Davis (father)
Susannah Gartley (mother)
Varina Davis (daughter)
Edith Davis (daughter)
Other work Lawyer, politician

Joseph Robert Davis (January 12, 1825 – September 15, 1896) was a lawyer, Mississippi state senator, Brigadier-General in the Provisional Army of the Confederate States, and Major-General in the Mississippi National Guard.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Joe Davis was born in Woodville, Mississippi, January 12, 1825, and was educated in Nashville and at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. Trained in the law, he practiced his profession in Madison County, Mississippi, and was elected to the Mississippi Senate in 1860.[2]

American Civil War[edit]

Entering Confederate service as Captain of Militia from Madison County, Davis was soon made Lieutenant-Colonel of the Tenth Regiment, Mississippi Volunteers, after which he served on his uncle's staff in Richmond with the rank of colonel.[3] Commissioned brigadier-general to rank from September 15, 1862, and confirmed by the Senate only after charges of nepotism were freely aired and his nomination once rejected, Davis was assigned a brigade in the Army of Northern Virginia, which he led through some of the bitterest battles of the war. He fought at Gettysburg (where his command formed a support to Pickett in the celebrated charge of the third day), in the Wilderness Campaign, and the siege of Petersburg.[4]

Later years[edit]

Paroled at Appomattox Court-House in April 1865, Davis returned to Mississippi and resumed his law practice, spending the remainder of his life at Biloxi, where he died, September 15, 1896, and where he is buried at Biloxi City Cemetery.[5][6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Warner, 1959, pp. 68-69.
  2. ^ Warner, 1959, pp. 68-69.
  3. ^ Hooker, 1899, pp. 249-50.
  4. ^ Warner, 1959, pp. 68-69.
  5. ^ Hooker, 1899, pp. 249-50.
  6. ^ Warner, 1959, pp. 68-69.


Further reading[edit]

  • Chesnut, Mary (1905). A Diary from Dixie. Ed. Isabella D. Martin and Myrta Lockett Avary. New York: Appleton.
  • Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher (2001). Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
  • “Gen. Joseph R. Davis.” Biloxi Herald. 19 September 1896.
  • Gottfried, Bradley M. (2012). Brigades of Gettysburg – The Union and Confederate Brigades at the Battle of Gettysburg. New York: Skyhorse Publishing. ISBN 978-1-61608-401-1.
  • Jones, J. B. (1866). Vol. I of A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital. 2 vols. Philadelphia: Lippincott.
  • Pfanz, Harry W (2001). Gettysburg – The First Day. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 0-8078-2624-3.
  • Roberts, Bobby and Carl Moneyhon (1993). Portraits of Conflict – A Photographic History of Mississippi in the Civil War. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press. ISBN 1-55728-260-9.
  • United Confederate Veterans. Miss. Div. (1892). Proceedings of the Second Annual Grand Camp of Confederate Veterans of Mississippi, at Natchez, October 7 – 8, 1891. Jackson: Clarion Printing Establishment.
  • Vol. II of Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Mississippi (1891). 2 vols. Chicago: Goodspeed Publishing.
  • Williams, T. P. (1999) The Mississippi Brigade of Brig. Gen. Joseph R. Davis – A Geographical Account of Its Campaigns and a Biographical Account of Its Personalities, 1861-1865. Dayton, Ohio: Morningside House. ISBN 0-89029-335-X.

External links[edit]