Joseph Salvador (1716–1786) was a British-Jewish businessman, perhaps most notable for being the first and only Jew to have become a director of the British East India Company. He was descended from Portuguese (Sephardic) Jews who had escaped persecution at home during the Portuguese Inquisition and had left for the Netherlands. From there they went to England in the eighteenth century.
He was a prominent businessman and financier, and a prime mover in lobbying for the 1753 Jew Bill. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1759. When George III ascended the throne of England, it was Salvador who headed the seven-man delegation that congratulated him on behalf of England's Jewish community.
Salvador was also a great patron; he funded passage for 42 Jews to the colony of Georgia in 1733. These colonists would lay the groundwork for what was to become the Jewish community of the city of Savannah and eventually Charleston, South Carolina.
Joseph's great-grandson was Francis Salvador.
- Rousseau, G.S.; Haycock, David (2000). "The Jew of Crane Court: Emanuel Mendes Da Costa (1717–91), Natural History and Natural Excess". Jnl of the History of Science 38 (120): 127–170.