Joseph Terry

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Sir Joseph Terry KT JP (7 January 1828 – 12 January 1898) was an English confectioner & industrialist.

Sir Joseph Terry
Alderman Sir Joseph Terry by George Fall
Lord Mayor of York
In office
6 November 1874 – 23 March 1890
Preceded by John Close
Succeeded by John Close
Personal details
Born Joseph Terry
(1828-01-07)7 January 1828
Pocklington, England
Died 12 January 1898(1898-01-12) (aged 70)
The Royal York Hotel, York, England
Occupation Confectioner, Industrialist
Religion Christianity

Early life[edit]

Terry was born in Pocklington, England,[1] and educated at St Peter's School, York. In 1854, he took over his father’s confectionery business, together with his two younger brothers.

Terry's of York[edit]

In 1864 he expanded the business by building a steam-powered factory in York, by the River Ouse; in the same way that his father had used the railway to further the business, Joseph saw the benefits of having easy access to the Humber Estuary and the North Sea. Sugar, cocoa and other ingredients, as well as coal for the steam-powered machinery, were brought in twice a week on steam boats. His brothers, Robert and John died in 1871 and 1874, and although both had children, none of their descendents decided to enter into the company. Two years later there were 400 separate items in the firm’s price list, mostly chocolate products. Although many of the company’s products were chocolate based, Terry’s only became established as a chocolate maker in 1886 when Joseph built a new factory specifically for their chocolate products. The company also applied for its first trademark in 1876, ‘Joseph Terry’s and Sons’. The business was incorporated as Joseph Terry & Sons Ltd. in 1895, by which time it had over 300 employees.

Personal life[edit]

In 1864, Terry married Frances, the daughter of Dr Joseph Goddard. They had three sons before she died in 1866. In 1871 he married Margaret, the daughter of William Thorpe of Aldborough House, Malton, Yorkshire, with whom he had a son and three daughters. His eldest son, Thomas, became a partner in the business in 1880.

Politics & Final Years[edit]

Terry served as Sheriff of York in 1870, and was Lord Mayor of the city on four occasions. He was knighted in 1887 as part of Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee Honours. He died of heart failure at the Royal Station Hotel (now The Royal York Hotel) on 12 January 1898, and was buried at York Cemetery on 15 January 1898.


Coordinates: 53°56′26″N 1°05′23″W / 53.94068°N 1.089596°W / 53.94068; -1.089596