Joseph William Drexel
|Joseph William Drexel|
1889 bust of Joseph W. Drexel by sculptor John Quincy Adams Ward
January 24, 1833|
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Died||March 25, 1888
New York, New York, U.S.
|Parents||Francis Martin Drexel|
Joseph William Drexel (January 24, 1833 – March 25, 1888) was a banker, philanthropist and book collector.
He was the son of Francis Martin Drexel, and his siblings were Anthony Joseph Drexel and Francis Anthony Drexel. He attended the Central High School, Philadelphia, and traveled through Spain, Egypt, Syria, Turkey, and Greece. He married Lucy Wharton (1841–1912) and had four children: Katherine Drexel, Josephine Drexel, Elizabeth Wharton Drexel, and Lucy Wharton Drexel.
Joseph Drexel was a partner in the firm of Drexel, Morgan and Company, where his brother Anthony was senior partner. In 1876, tired of battling the brusque J. Pierpont Morgan, Joseph retired from the business and devoted his life to philanthropic and civic organizations. He was chairman of New York Sanitary Commission, the commissioner of education, president of the New York Philharmonic Society, trustee of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, trustee of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, and director of the Metropolitan Opera house. He owned a 200-acre (0.81 km2) farm near New York City, where people without work were housed, clothed, fed, and taught agriculture until they could find a job. He owned a large tract of land in Maryland, which was developed into Klej Grange, a planned community, where the lots are sold to poor people at cost. About 7,000 acres (28 km²) in Michigan were bought for the same purpose.
Drexel was an avid collector of music, eventually amassing a collection of over 6,000 items. Upon his death, the Drexel Collection was accepted by the Lenox Library. When the Lenox Library was joined with those of John Jacob Astor and Samuel Tilden to form The New York Public Library, Drexel's collection became the basis for the Library's Music Division, housed today in the New York Public Library for the Performing Arts.
In 1881, Drexel acquired title to Mount McGregor near Saratoga Springs, New York. He constructed the Hotel Balmoral at the summit and built the Saratoga, Mount McGregor and Lake George Railroad narrow gauge railway from Saratoga Springs. In 1885, Drexel loaned his private summer cottage on Mount McGregor to ex-president Ulysses S. Grant Grant lived there for six weeks until his death and completed his memoirs. The cottage is now the Grant Cottage State Historic Site.
- "Mrs. J.W. Drexel Dead. Former Social Leader of Philadelphia and Mother of Mrs. Harry Lehr.". New York Times. 26 January 1912.
- "History of Mount McGregor". DOCS Today. Retrieved August 5, 2013.
- "Strength for General Grant". The New York Times. June 12, 1885. Retrieved August 5, 2013.
- "Joseph W. Drexel Funeral". New York Times. 29 March 1888. "The funeral of Joseph W. Drexel occurred yesterday from the Church of the Transfiguration, (the Little Church Around the Corner) in Twenty-ninth-street, near Fifth-avenue..."