Joseph Willibrord Mähler
Joseph Willibrord Mähler (10 June 1778, Koblenz-Ehrenbreitstein – 20 June 1860, Vienna) was a German painter. His parents were Franz Josef Mähler and Anna Johanna, née Vacano. He first served an apprenticeship in Dresden with Anton Graff to become a painter and later on, he continued with his studies at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna. Mähler then decided to start a civil career and he became an officer of the secret service Geheime Kabinettskanzlei (secret chancellery) in Vienna. Now, painting was just a hobby to him.
Mähler was introduced to Ludwig van Beethoven by Beethoven's school day friend Stephan von Breuning (de) around 1803. One year later already, he painted his first portrait of Beethoven, which shows three quarters of the composer's body in an Arcadian landscape, holding a lyre-guitar in his hand. (Today, the painting is located in the Beethoven Memorial, the Pasqualati House in Vienna.) In the 19th century, this illustration - one of just a few depictions of Beethoven when he was young - mainly became famous due to a lithograph by Josef Kriehuber.
Around 1815, Mähler produced a series of portraits showing contemporary Viennese composers. As written in the Allgemeine Musikzeitung (General music journal) in August 1815, "all of them distinguish themselves in a most creditable way through the effectual brush stroke, the descriptive resemblance and the distinctive expression of their soul". A half length portrait of Beethoven was part of the series. The painter created several versions of this portrait.
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