Joseph Yorke, 1st Baron Dover

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General Joseph Yorke, 1st Baron Dover KB, PC (24 June 1724 – 2 December 1792), styled The Honourable Joseph Yorke until 1761 and The Honourable Sir Joseph Yorke between 1761 and 1788, was a British soldier, diplomat and Whig politician.

Background[edit]

Yorke was the third son of Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke, by Margaret, daughter of Charles Cocks. Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, Charles Yorke and James Yorke were his brothers.[1]

Career[edit]

Yorke served in the War of the Austrian Succession as an aide-de-camp to the Duke of Cumberland, and fought in the Battle of Fontenoy in 1745. He became a Major-General in 1758, a Lieutenant-General in 1760 and a full General in 1777. In 1749 he was appointed Secretary to the British Embassay in Paris. Two years later he became Minister Plenipotentiary to the United Provinces, a post he held for the next thirty years. The post was upgraded to that of ambassador in 1761.[1] During this period he also sat in the House of Commons for East Grinstead between 1751 and 1761,[1][2] for Dover between 1761 and 1774[1][3] and for Grampound between 1774 and 1780.[1][4] He was appointed a Knight Companion of the Order of the Bath (KB) in 1761 and sworn of the Privy Council in 1768.[1] In 1788 he was raised to the peerage as Lord Dover, Baron of the Town and Port of Dover, in the County of Kent.[5]

Family[edit]

Lord Dover married Christiana Charlotte Margaret, daughter of Johan Henrik, Baron de Stöcken, a Danish nobleman, in 1783. They had no children. He died in December 1792, aged 68, when the barony became extinct. Lady Dover only survived her husband by three months and died in March 1793.[1]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Whistler Webster
Sydney Smythe
Member of Parliament for East Grinstead
1751–1761
With: Sir Whistler Webster
Succeeded by
Earl of Middlesex
Lord George Sackville
Preceded by
Lord George Sackville
Sir Edward Simpson
Member of Parliament for Dover
1761–1774
With: Sir Edward Simpson 1761–1765
Marquess of Lorne 1765–1766
John Bindley 1766–1768
Viscount Villiers 1768–1770
Sir Thomas Hales, Bt 1770–1773
Thomas Barret 1773–1774
Succeeded by
John Henniker
John Trevanion
Preceded by
Grey Cooper
Charles Wolfran Cornwall
Member of Parliament for Grampound
1774–1780
With: Richard Neville
Succeeded by
Sir John Ramsden, Bt
Thomas Lucas
Military offices
Preceded by
Hon. Thomas Gage
Colonel of the 11th Regiment of (Light) Dragoons
1787–1789
Succeeded by
Studholme Hodgson
Preceded by
The Marquess of Lothian
Colonel of the 1st Regiment of Life Guards
1789–1792
Succeeded by
The Earl of Harrington
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
The Earl of Holderness
Minister Plenipotentiary to the United Provinces
1751–1761
Office upgraded to Ambassador to the United Provinces
Preceded by
Minister Plenipotentiary to the United Provinces
Ambassador to the United Provinces
1761–1781
No representation due to Fourth Anglo-Dutch War
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Baron Dover
1788–1892
Extinct