Joseph de Goislard de Monsabert

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Joseph de Goislard de Monsabert
Ex voto mg 6327.jpg
Personal flag of Monsabert, 3rd Algerian Infantry Division
Born 30 September 1887
Libourne
Died 13 June 1981(1981-06-13) (aged 93)
Dax, Landes
Allegiance France France
Service/branch French Army
Years of service 1911-1946
Rank General
Commands held 9th Algerian Tirailleurs
81st Brigade
81st African Division
Corps Franc d'Afrique
3rd Algerian Infantry Division
II Corps
French Forces in Germany
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Grand Cross of the Légion d'honneur
Companion of the Liberation
Médaille militaire
Croix de guerre 1914-1918
Croix de guerre 1939-1945
Other work Politician

Joseph de Goislard de Monsabert (Libourne 30 September 1887 – Dax, 13 June 1981), was a French general who served during the Second World War.

Monsabert graduated from Saint-Cyr military academy and was commissioned as a lieutenant in 1911. He initially served with the 44th Infantry Regiment and then was moved to the 3rd Moroccan Rifle Regiment, with which he first saw combat in 1912. Assigned to the 1st Mixed Rifle and Zouaves Regiment and then the 9th Zouaves March Regiment in the First World War, he finished the war at the head of a battalion and as a holder of the Legion of Honor.

Promoted to Colonel in 1937, he was made a Brigadier in August 1941. This promotion was followed by promotion to Major General in March 1943. He was promoted again to Lieutenant General in August 1944, and then to General in September 1946.

Monsabert commanded first the Corps Franc d'Afrique and then the reserve elements of the XIX Corps (France) during the campaign for Tunisia.

Subsequently, he commanded the 3rd Algerian Infantry Division with the French Expeditionary Corps in the Italian Campaign. On 3 July 1944 his forces liberated Siena. To an artillery officer who was complaining about the sheer number of valuable monuments that were cluttering the maps, he issued the instruction "tirez où vous voulez, mais si vous tirez en-deçà du XVIIIeme siècle, on vous fera fusiller!" (Fire where you wish, but if you fire on anything before the 18th century we'll get you shot!).

On 31 August 1944, Monsabert took command of the French II Corps of General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny's Army B, later renamed the French First Army. Monsabert led the II Corps with distinction for the remainder of the war in Europe. Monsabert, with about 130000 soldiers took Toulon and Marseille and played an active part in Alsace with a corps numbering nearly 150000 soldiers at that time. He then fought in Germany.

In July 1945, he was made the commander of French forces in Germany. In 1946, he retired from active military service. From 1951 until 1955, Monsabert served as a deputy in the Rassemblement du Peuple Français political party in the National Assembly of France, representing the region Pyrénées-Atlantiques.

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