Josephine Brawley Hughes
Elizabeth Josephine Brawley Hughes (December 22, 1839 – March 1926) was an advocate of women's rights in the United States West region.
Elizabeth Josephine Brawley (she dropped her first name later in life) was born on a farm near Meadville, Pennsylvania, on December 22, 1839, to John R. Brawley and Sarah Haskins. After graduating from Edinboro State Normal School, she was a teacher for two years in Pennsylvania public schools.
While a student at Edinboro, she met Louis C. Hughes, whom she married in 1868. Because of a Civil War wound, Louis moved to the Arizona Territory in 1871 and Josephine followed in 1872 with their first child, Gertrude. Josephine and the baby traveled first by rail to San Francisco, then by boat to San Diego, and finally by stagecoach to Tucson. According to a biography by Louise Boehringer in the January 1930 edition of the Arizona Historical Review, at the time of Josephine's arrival, "Only two other (Eastern) homemakers were established in Tucson when the young wife and mother reached her destination–Mrs. Charles Lord (wife of Dr. Lord) and Mrs. C. Scott (wife of Judge C. Scott)."
- Helped establish the first public girls' school in the Southwest.
- Was the first woman public school teacher in Arizona.
- Joined other women to raise funds for the first Protestant church in Arizona.
- Helped found the Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) in Arizona.
- Helped found the women's suffrage movement in Arizona.
- Helped to manage and operate the Arizona Daily Star newspaper.
- "Josephine Brawley Hughes (1839-1926)". Arizona Women's Hall of Fame. 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
- Boehringer, C. Louise (January 1930). "Josephine Brawley Hughes: Crusader, State Builder" (PDF). Arizona Historical Review (Arizona State Historian) 2 (4): 98–107. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
- "Women Here and Abroad". Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, New York). January 17, 1927. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
- Arizona Pioneers' Historical Society (August 31, 1951). Buehman, Albert R., ed. "Arizona Album: Arizona's First Woman School Teacher". Tucson Daily Citizen (Tucson, Arizona). Retrieved March 8, 2015.
- Banks, Leo (1999). Stalwart Women: Frontier Stories of Indomitable Spirit. Arizona Highways. ISBN 9780916179779.
- Josephine Brawley Hughes, Arizona Women's Hall of Fame