Josephine Cecilia Diebitsch Peary (May 22, 1863 – December 19, 1955) was an American author and arctic explorer.
She was born as Josephine Cecilia Diebitsch in Forestville, Maryland on May 22, 1863 to a linguist at the Smithsonian Institution. She had a brother, Emil Diebitsch who would later become the Mayor of Nutley, New Jersey. In 1888 she married Arctic explorer Robert Peary, whom she often accompanied on his northern travels, recording her experiences in a series of books including My Arctic Journal and The Snow Baby. She died on December 19, 1955, only a few months after having been granted the National Geographic Society's highest honor, the Medal of Achievement, for her Arctic accomplishments.
^ ab"Mrs. Peary Is Dead At 92". Baltimore Sun. December 20, 1955. Retrieved 2010-12-19. "Mrs. Josephine Diebitsch Peary, 92, widow of the American naval officer who discovered the North Pole in 1909, and an Arctic explorer in her own right, died today."