Jōshin-etsu Expressway

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Jōshin-etsu Expressway sign

Jōshin-etsu Expressway
上信越自動車道
Route information
Length: 204.9 km[1] (127.3 mi)
Major junctions
From: Fujioka Junction in Fujioka, Gunma
Japan road sign 325.svg Kan-etsu Expressway
To: Jōetsu Junction in Jōetsu, Niigata
Japan road sign 325.svg Hokuriku Expressway
Location
Major cities: Tomioka, Annaka, Saku, Komoro, Ueda, Chikuma, Nagano, Nakano, Myōkō
Highway system
National highways of Japan
Expressways of Japan

The Jōshin-etsu Expressway (上信越自動車道 Jōshin-etsu Jidōsha-dō?) is a national expressway in Japan. It is owned and operated by East Nippon Expressway Company.

Naming[edit]

Jōshin-etsu (上信越?) is a kanji acronym consisting of 3 characters, each representing the former names of the prefectures that the route traverses. Kōzuke Province (野国?) consists of present-day Gunma Prefecture, Shinano Province (濃国?) consists of present-day Nagano Prefecture, and Echigo Province (後国?) consists of present-day Niigata Prefecture.

Officially, the expressway is referred to as the Kan-Etsu Expressway Jōetsu Route. This designation consists of the entire Jōshin-etsu Expressway as well as the Kan-Etsu Expressway beyond Fujioka Junction to Nerima Interchange (concurrent with the Kan-Etsu Expressway Niigata Route).[2]

Overview[edit]

Expressway in Ueda, Nagano

The expressway begins at a junction with the Kan-Etsu Expressway in southern Gunma Prefecture and heads west, paralleling National Route 254 until Shimonita. From here the route branches north, passing Mount Myōgi, then heads west once more from Annaka. The route parallels National Route 18 from this point until the terminus. The expressway then follows a winding route through the mountainous area separating Gunma and Nagano Prefectures. From Saku, Nagano the route follows a northwesterly course, passing Mount Asama, until it reaches a junction with the Nagano Expressway near the city of Nagano. The route then heads north, following the east bank of the Chikuma River, before heading into the mountainous region separating Nagano and Niigata Prefectures. The expressway continues north through Niigata Prefecture, passing Mount Myōkō, and eventually terminating at a junction with the Hokuriku Expressway in Jōetsu near the Japan Sea coastline.

The first section was completed in 1980 and the entire route was completed in 1999.[3] The expressway is 4 lanes from Fujioka Junction to Toyota-Iiyama Interchange. The remaining section from Toyota-Iiyama Interchange to Jōetsu Junction is 2 lanes, however construction is underway on the section from Toyota-Iiyama Interchange to Shinanomachi Interchange to increase the capacity to 4 lanes. It is expected to be completed in 2009.[4]

List of interchanges and features[edit]

No. Name Connections Dist. from
Origin
Dist. from
Terminus
Bus Stop Notes Speed Limit Location
(9) Fujioka JCT Japan road sign 325.svg Kan-Etsu Expressway 0.0 204.9 80 km/h Fujioka Gunma
12/PA Fujioka IC/PA Pref. Route 13 (Maebashi Nagatoro Route) 1.8 203.1 Parking Area/Highway Oasis only accessible to Fujioka JCT-bound traffic
100 km/h
23 Yoshii IC Pref. Route 41 (Kanda Yoshii Teishajō Route) 11.2 193.7 Takasaki
PA Kanra PA 15.4 189.5 Kanra
29 Tomioka IC 20.1 184.8 Tomioka
34 Shimonita IC Japanese National Route Sign 0254.svg National Route 254 26.8 178.1 Shimonita
49 Matsuida-Myōgi IC
Matsuida BS
Pref. Route 51 (Matsuida Shimonita Route) 37.5 167.4 Annaka
80 km/h
SA Yokokawa SA 42.1 162.8
BR Usui Bridge
TN Takaiwayama Tunnel Fujioka-bound 1,020m
Jōetsu-bound 1,070m
87 Usui-Karuizawa IC Pref. Route 92 (Matsuida Karuizawa Route) 52.5 152.4
CB Usui Chain Base
TN Ōyama Tunnel Fujioka-bound 1,720m
Jōetsu-bound 1,630m
Shimonita
TN Nikkureyama Tunnel
TN Takatachi Tunnel
TN Happūzan Tunnel Fujioka-bound 4,000m
Jōetsu-bound 4,470m
Saku Nagano
CB Kōsaka Chain Base
TN Akarusan Tunnel Fujioka-bound 1,700m
Jōetsu-bound 1,960m
PA Sakudaira PA/
SIC
68.4 136.5 Highway Oasis
99 Saku IC Pref. Route 9 (Saku Karuizawa Route) 71.3 133.6
114 Saku JCT Japan road sign 325.svg Chūbu-Ōdan Expressway Planned Komoro
BS Komoro-Kōgen BS 78.0 126.9
127 Komoro IC Pref. Route 79 (Komoro Ueda Route) 82.1 122.8
138/SA Tōbu-Yunomaru IC/SA Pref. Route 81 (Maruko Tōbu Inter Route) 88.6 116.3 Tōmi
156 Ueda-Sugadaira IC Japanese National Route Sign 0144.svg National Route 144 96.9 108.0 Ueda
TN Tarōyama Tunnel Fujioka-bound 4,264m
Jōetsu-bound 4,303m
Sakaki
174 Sakaki IC Pref. Route 91 (Sakaki Inter Route) 104.8 100.1
PA Chikumagawa-Sakaki PA 106.2 98.7
TN Gorigamine Tunnel Fujioka-bound 4,518m
Jōetsu-bound 4,474m
Chikuma
TN Mori Tunnel Fujioka-bound 1,421m
Jōetsu-bound 1,450m
BS Yashiro BS 117.1 87.8
195 Kōshoku JCT Japan road sign 325.svg Nagano Expressway 119.1 85.8
100 km/h
TN Yakushiyama Tunnel Fujioka-bound 1,210m
Jōetsu-bound 1,180m
Nagano
PA Matsushiro PA 123.2 81.7
209 Nagano IC Pref. Route 35 (Nagano Sanada Route) 125.1 79.8
BS Wakaho BS 130.2 74.7
223 Suzaka-Naganohigashi IC Japanese National Route Sign 0403.svg National Route 403 135.0 69.9
Suzaka
BS Suzaka BS 137.5 67.4
PA Obuse PA/
SIC
141.6 63.3 Highway Oasis Obuse
BS Obuse BS 143.2 61.7
226 Shinshū-Nakano IC Pref. Route 29 (Nakano Toyono Route) 146.5 58.4 Nakano
80 km/h
BS Nakano BS 147.2 57.7
BR Kita-Chikumagawa Bridge Length - 370m
Chikuma River crossing
CB Kaesa Chain Base
241 Toyota-Iiyama IC Japanese National Route Sign 0117.svg National Route 117 154.2 50.7
70 km/h
BS Toyota BS 155.0 49.9
TN Nagae Tunnel
TN Samizu Tunnel Iizuna
TN Yakushidake Tunnel
Shinano
PA Kurohime-Nojiriko PA 164.3 40.6
BS Kashiwabara BS 166.2 38.7
259 Shinanomachi IC Japanese National Route Sign 0018.svg National Route 18 (Nojiri Bypass) 167.4 37.5
BR Reimei Bridge Length - 370m
Seki River crossing
Myōkō Niigata
274 Myōkōkōgen IC Japanese National Route Sign 0018.svg National Route 18 (Myōkō Nojiri Bypass)
Pref. Route 187 (Ikenotaira Myōkōkōgen Route)
172.5 32.4
BS Myōkōkōgen BS X Bus Stop closed
SA Myōkō SA 179.9 25.0 X Bus Stop closed
297 Nakagō IC Japanese National Route Sign 0018.svg National Route 18 (Jōshin Bypass) 184.5 20.4 Jōetsu
BS Nakagō-kita BS X Bus Stop closed
PA Arai PA/
SIC
191.9 13.0 X Highway Oasis
Bus Stop closed
Myōkō
TN Kannondaira Tunnel Length - 1,500m
311 Jōetsu-Takada IC Pref. Route 85 (Jōetsu-Takada Inter Route) 199.0 5.9 Jōetsu
(31-1) Jōetsu JCT Japan road sign 325.svg Hokuriku Expressway 204.9 0.0
346
369
379
392
612
945
969 Marie Fiona

There are also 2 snow chain changing areas between Toyota-Iiyama Interchange and Kurohime-Nojiriko Parking Area, and 1 area between Sakaki Interchange and Ueda-Sugadaira Interchange (Fujioka-bound only).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, Kanto Regional Development Bureau. "Road Timetable". Retrieved 2008-04-16. 
  2. ^ Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. "High Standard Trunk Road Map" (pdf). Retrieved 2008-04-13. 
  3. ^ Japan Civil Engineering Contractors Association. "Construction History of Japan, 1999". Retrieved 2008-04-16. 
  4. ^ "E-NEXCO Opening Schedule". Retrieved 2008-04-15. 

External links[edit]