Joshua Muravchik (born September 17, 1947 in New York City) is a fellow at the Foreign Policy Institute of Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) (since 2009) and an adjunct professor at the DC-based Institute of World Politics (since 1992). He was formerly a fellow at the George W. Bush Institute (2012–2013), a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute (1987–2008), and a scholar in residence at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy (1985).
Muravchik was one of the group of writers who moved away from the political left in the 1960s and 1970s and came to be called “neoconservatives.” In 1986, a Wall Street Journal editor wrote: “Joshua Muravchik may be the most cogent and careful of the neoconservative writers on foreign policy.”  Muravchik wrote in defense of neoconservative position when it became highly controversial during the years of George W. Bush’s presidency.
Muravchik received an undergraduate degree from City College of New York (1970) and a Ph.D in international relations from Georgetown University (1984). He also received an honorary doctorate from the Aurel Vlaicu University of Romania (2004). In 1998 he received a citation from the Polish parliament for his activities on behalf of Solidarity.
Muravchik was National Chairman of the Young People's Socialist League (YPSL) from 1968 to 1973, and executive director of the Coalition for a Democratic Majority from 1977 to 1979. He was also an aide to the late Congressman James G. O'Hara (D-Mich.) in 1975 and to the late Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan (D-NY) in 1977 and as a campaign aide to the late Senator Henry M. Jackson in his pursuit of the 1976 Democratic presidential nomination.
Muravchik serves on the board of trustees and the executive committee of Freedom House. He was a member of the State Department’s Advisory Committee on Democracy Promotion from 2002 to 2009, and a member of the Commission on Broadcasting to the People's Republic of China in 1992. He served on the Maryland State Advisory Committee of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights from 1985 to 1997. He is a member of the editorial boards of World Affairs, Journal of Democracy, and The Journal of International Security Affairs, as well as being an Advisory Editor at Fathom.
Muravchik argued in the Washington Post that the United States should attack Iran, stating: "Does this mean that our only option is war? Yes, although an air campaign targeting Iran’s nuclear infrastructure would entail less need for boots on the ground than the war Obama is waging against the Islamic State, which poses far smaller a threat than Iran does." 
Muravchik is the author of 11 books, of which the most noted have been Making David Into Goliath: How the World Turned Against Israel (2014), Heaven on Earth: The Rise and Fall of Socialism (2002), and Exporting Democracy: Fulfilling America’s Destiny (1991). Making David Into Goliath was featured on C-SPAN in July and August 2014. He has also authored hundreds of articles in magazines, journals, and newspapers touching on international politics, U.S. foreign policy, socialism, democracy, political ideology, the UN, and the Arab/Israel conflict.
- Making David Into Goliath: How the World Turned Against Israel, Encounter Books, 2014, 281 pages, ISBN 978-1-59403-735-1
- Liberal Oasis: The Truth About Israel, Encounter Books, 2014, ebook, 66 pages,
- Heaven on Earth: The Rise and Fall of Socialism, Encounter Books, 2002, hardcover, 417 pages, ISBN 1-893554-45-7
- Trailblazers of the Arab Spring: Voices of Democracy in the Middle East, Encounter Books, 2013, 420 pages, ISBN 978-1-59403-679-8
- Exporting Democracy: Fulfilling America’s Destiny, The AEI Press, 1991, hardcover, 262 pages, ISBN 0-8447-3733-X
- http://www.sais-jhu.edu/joshua-muravchik; http://www.worldaffairsjournal.org/users/joshua-muravchik; http://www.iwp.edu/faculty/detail/joshua-muravchik-2; Robert S. Greenberger, "Roots of Iraq Policy Are Tested; Postwar Difficulties Put Neoconservatism on the Line," Wall Street Journal, Eastern edition, 19 Sep 2003: A.4. (Profile of Muravchik); Dick Kirschten, "A rebel who thinks against the grain," National Journal 27.43 (Oct 28, 1995): 2670. (Profile of Muravchik)
- Tim W. Ferguson, "Bookshelf: Throwing Down the Neoconservative Gauntlet," Wall Street Journal, 13 May 1986
- ”The Neoconservative Cabal,” Commentary, September 2003; “The Past, Present, and Future of Neoconservatism,” Commentary, October 2007; Can the Neocons Get Their Groove Back?, The Washington Post, November 19, 2006
- “Comrades,” Commentary, January 2006.
- Joshua Muravchik, [transcript] "President Bush's Global Democracy Efforts," The Washington Post, 21 August 2007
- "Book Discussion on Making David into Goliath". C-SPAN. 21 July 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
Joshua Muravchik talked about his book, Making David into Goliath: How the World Turned Against Israel, in which he discusses why the international community’s opinion of Israel has declined since the 1967 war. He said that oil and geopolitics were to blame early on, but argued that world opinion is mostly shaped by leftist intellectuals and activists who side with the Palestinians. Mr. Muravchik spoke at the Heritage Foundation in Washington, D.C.
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Muravchik profile from the World Affairs Journal
- Muravchik profile at the Institute of World Politics
- PBS - Heaven on Earth: The Rise and Fall of Socialism
- Profile at Fathom
- Debate about Iraq featuring Joshua Muravchik from Democracy Now! program, November 15, 2006
- Video of discussion/debate with Joshua Muravchik and William Hartung on Bloggingheads.tv