Joshua Russell Chandran
|Joshua Russell Chandran|
May 6, 1918|
Nagercoil, Tamil Nadu, India
September 27, 2000|
Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
|Church||Church of South India, Diocese of Kanyakumari|
|Ordained||20 October 1946|
|Writings||See separate section|
Joshua Russell Chandran (1918–2000) was an Indian Christian theologian, who served as President of Senate of Serampore College (University), Bengal (1970-1), and as President of the United Theological College, Bangalore (1954–83), and was for some years a vice-chairman of the World Council of Churches (1966-8).
Early life and education
Joshua Russell Chandran was born in Nagercoil, South India on 6 May 1918 into a family who were communicant members of the South India United Church. After schooling and collegiate education, he took his B.A. and M.A. in Mathematics ar the University of Madras, Chennai (1933–1938).
Pastorate and further study
Chandran belonged to the South India United Church; which made him a pastor of South Travancore Church Council in 1945. He was ordained on 20 October 1946, and he continued serving as pastor until 1947.
in 1947 he left India  for Britain, to study at the University of Oxford, Mansfield College, Oxford for pursuing a B.Litt.. His B.Litt. thesis  was entitled A Comparison of the pagan apologetic of Celsus against Christianity as contained in Origen’s Contra Celsum and the neo-Hindu attitude to Christianity as represented in the works of Vivekananda and an estimate of the value of Origen's reply for Christian apologetics with reference to neo-Hinduism.
On his return to India in 1950 the Church of South India asked him to teach theology and ethics at the United Theological College, Bengaluru then under the Principalship of Max Hunter Harrison. In 1954 Chandran succeeded Max Hunter Harrison as Principal, and remained in post until 1983, when he was succeeded by E. C. John.
In the academic year 1964-65, Chandran was Henry Winters Luce Visiting Professor of World Christianity at the Union Theological Seminary in the city of New York.
He was the first President of the Ecumenical Association of Third World Theologians (EATWOT) for the first five-year term (1975–1981).
In 1978 Samuel Amirtham and others also came out with a festschrift in honour of Chandran, entitled A Vision for Man: Essays on Faith, Theology, and Society in Honour of Joshua Russell Chandran.
Retirement and death
M. H. Harrison
United Theological College, Bengaluru
E. C. John
- Rev. Dr. B. V. Subbamma
- Rev. Yisu Das Tiwari
- Bishop N. D. Ananda Rao Samuel
- Rev. Fr. Dr. D. S. Amalorpavadass
- Rev. Emani Sambayya
- Bishop Victor Premasagar
- Union Theological Seminary (New York, N.Y.) The Union Theological Seminary in the City of New York New York : Alumni Office, 1970.Electronic reproduction. New York, N.Y. : Columbia University Libraries, 2007. JPEG use copy available via the World Wide Web. Master copy stored locally on  DVDs#: ldpd_6122000_000 01,02,03,04,05,06. Columbia University Libraries Electronic Books. 2006. p.315. 
- D. William Jesudoss, What is Man?: Theological Attempts and Directions Towards the Formation of an Indian Christian Anthropology for Today, Gurukul, Chennai, 1986. p. 79. 
- S. J. Samartha, Joshua Russel Chandran in Gerald H. Anderson's Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions, William B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1999. p. 125. 
- Lothar Schreiner, Mansfield Alumni News, Autumn/Winter 2005. p. 18
- Oxford University Calendar, University of Oxford, Oxford, 1948. See pages 764 and 861.
- Mar Aprem, Indian Christian who is who, Bombay Parish Church of the East, Bombay, 1983. p.107. .
- Israel Selvanayagam, Water of Life and Indian cups: Protestant attempts at theologizing in India in Sebastian C. H. Kim's Christian Theology in Asia, Cambridge, 2008. p.56 
- Sunand Sumithra, Christian Theology from an Indian Perspective, Theological Book Trust, Bengaluru, 1995 (Revised Edition). pp. 199-206. 
- Senate of Serampore College (University), Presidents and Convenors of the Senate. 
- Union Theological Seminary in the city of New York, Henry Winters Luce Visiting Professors of World Christianity. Internet. 
- William Adams Brown Ecumenical Library Archives, The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries), Union Theological Seminary, New York. p. 5.
- Konrad Raiser, Joshua Russel Chandran, Tributes. WCC Site
- Sankar Ray, The William Carey Library in Serampore, Business Line, The Hindu, Friday April 11, 2008. Internet, accessed October 17, 2008. 
- Senate of Serampore College (University), List of the Recipients of the degree of doctor of divinity (honoris causa).