Joshua Tree, California

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Joshua Tree
census-designated place
City of Joshua Tree
City of Joshua Tree
Location in San Bernardino County and the state of California
Location in San Bernardino County and the state of California
Coordinates: 34°8′N 116°19′W / 34.133°N 116.317°W / 34.133; -116.317Coordinates: 34°8′N 116°19′W / 34.133°N 116.317°W / 34.133; -116.317
Country  United States
State  California
County San Bernardino
Area[1]
 • Total 37.044 sq mi (95.943 km2)
 • Land 37.044 sq mi (95.943 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation 2,736 ft (834 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 7,414
 • Density 200/sq mi (77/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 92252
Area code(s) 760
FIPS code 06-37554
GNIS feature ID 1652731

Joshua Tree is a census-designated place (CDP) on State Route 62 in San Bernardino County, California, United States. The population was 7,414 at the 2010 census. At approximately 2700 feet above sea level, Joshua Tree and its surrounding communities are located in the California High Desert.

Geography[edit]

Joshua Tree is located in the Mojave Desert at 34°8′N 116°19′W / 34.133°N 116.317°W / 34.133; -116.317[2].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total all land area of 95.9 km² (37.0 mi²). Joshua Tree, California is home to Joshua Tree National Park. Joshua Tree shares the border to its east with Twentynine Palms, California, its western border with Yucca Valley, California, its northwestern border with Landers, California, and its southern border is Coachella Valley, California.

Joshua Tree is famous for its sunrises.

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[3] reported that Joshua Tree had a population of 7,414. The population density was 200.1 people per square mile (77.3/km²). The racial makeup of Joshua Tree was 6,176 (83.3%) White (73.9% Non-Hispanic White),[4] 234 (3.2%) African American, 84 (1.1%) Native American, 104 (1.4%) Asian, 18 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 368 (5.0%) from other races, and 430 (5.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,308 persons (17.6%).

The Census reported that 7,263 people (98.0% of the population) lived in households, 30 (0.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 121 (1.6%) were institutionalized.

There were 3,088 households, out of which 862 (27.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,209 (39.2%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 431 (14.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, and 162 (5.2%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 237 (7.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 30 (1.0%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,018 households (33.0%) were made up of individuals and 358 (11.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35. There were 1,802 families (58.4% of all households); the average family size was 2.97.

Dawn, Joshua Tree, California; Winter, 2012

The population was spread out with 1,626 people (21.9%) under the age of 18, 813 people (11.0%) aged 18 to 24, 1,756 people (23.7%) aged 25 to 44, 2,056 people (27.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,163 people (15.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.8 years. For every 100 females there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.

There were 3,808 housing units at an average density of 102.8 per square mile (39.7/km²), of which 1,872 (60.6%) were owner-occupied, and 1,216 (39.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 9.8%. 4,178 people (56.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 3,085 people (41.6%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Joshua Tree had a median household income of $39,492, with 21.8% of the population living below the federal poverty line. [5]

2000[edit]

Evening twilight in Joshua Tree, California USA

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 4,207 people, 1,765 households, and 1,057 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 265.4/km² (687.5/mi²). There were 2,112 housing units at an average density of 133.2/km² (345.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 86.38% White, 1.76% African American, 1.57% Native American, 1.12% Asian, 0.62% Pacific Islander, 4.61% from other races, and 3.95% from two or more races. 12.36% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,765 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.8% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.1% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $26,535, and the median income for a family was $33,333. Males had a median income of $27,465 versus $29,375 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $13,856. 21.2% of the population and 18.0% of families were below the poverty line. 31.5% of those under the age of 18 and 5.4% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature Joshua Tree is located in the 18th Senate District, represented by Republican Jean Fuller, and in the 65th Assembly District, represented by Republican Tim Donnelly. Federally, Joshua Tree is located in California's 41st congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R+9[7] and is represented by Republican Jerry Lewis. Joshua Tree is represented by San Bernardino County 3rd District Supervisor James Ramos - 2012.

Visitor center[edit]

The Joshua Tree Visitor Center (Joshua Tree National Park) is located at the junction of Highway 62 and Park Boulevard in "downtown" Joshua Tree and the parks West Entrance is located five miles south. The community of Joshua Tree is not an incorporated town or city. Joshua Tree community is represented by Joshua Tree Municipal Advisory Counsel (MAC) as the official liaison between community and San Bernardino County government.

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  4. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0637554.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0637554.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 

External links[edit]