Josias II, Count of Waldeck-Wildungen
|Josias II, Count of Waldeck-Wildungen|
|Spouse(s)||Wilhelmine of Nassau-Hilchenbach|
|Noble family||House of Waldeck|
|Father||Philip VII, Count of Waldeck|
|Mother||Anna Catherine of Sayn-Wittgenstein.|
|Born||31 July 1636|
|Died||29 July 1669
|Buried||St. Catherine's Church in Candia|
Josias II, Count of Waldeck (31 July 1636 – 29 July 1669 on Crete) was the second son of the Count Philip VII of Waldeck-Wildungen and his wife Anna Catherine of Sayn-Wittgenstein. He was a Major General in the army of Brunswick-Lüneburg. His elder brother Christian Louis (1635–1706) was the ruling Count of Waldeck-Wildungen; Josias II was from 1660 co-ruler in the district of Wildungen, later in the district of Wetterburg.
Josias II of Waldeck served in the army of Elector Frederick William of Brandenburg, where he was Colonel of the Infantry. In 1655 and 1656, he fought in Warsaw as a major general. After that he served in the Swedish army in 1663 and participated in the Turkish War as a major in the imperial army. He was wounded by an arrow before Pécs.
When Duke George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg inherited the Principality of Lüneburg, he appointed Josias as major general and put him in command of the much enlarged army of the principality. In late autumn 1668, Josias marched against the Turks with 3300 men, to defend possessions of the Republic of Venice. During the Siege of Candia, he was injured by shrapnel on 6 July 1669. On 29 July, he died of his injuries. He was initially buried in the St. Catherine's Church in Candia. His body was later transferred to Wildungen.
Marriage and issue
In 1659, Josias married Countess Wilhelmine of Nassau-Siegen (d. 1707), a daughter of Count William of Nassau-Hilchenbach (1592–1642). They had six children, of whom only Charlotte Johanna (13 December 1664 – 1 February 1699) survived childhood. On 2 December 1690, she married Duke John Ernest IV of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (1658–1729).
- Bernhard von Poten (1896), "Waldeck, Josias Graf", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German) 40, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 676–677
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