Josie Gallagher (1923–1998) was an Irish sportsperson. He played hurling with his local club Gort and with the Galway senior inter-county team from 1942 until 1954. Gallagher is regarded as one of the greatest players never to have won an All-Ireland medal.
Gallagher first came to prominence with the Galway senior inter-county team in the 1940s. Galway hurling was in the doldrums at the time. The fact that the county faced no competition in Connacht meant that Galway went straight into the All-Ireland series every single year. This was not a happy hunting ground for the county.
Gallagher first tasted success with Galway in 1951. That year his side reached the finals of the National Hurling League. Galway defeated Wexford and New York giving Gallagher a league title.
Two years later in 1953 Galway defeated a star-studded Kilkenny team in the penultimate stage of the championship. This victory allowed Gallagher's side to advance to the All-Ireland final where Cork provided the opposition. The game itself is remembered as one of the ugliest championship deciders ever and is clouded in controversy due to the injury to the Galway captain, Mick Burke. Galway lost the game by 3-3 to 0-8. After the match at the Gresham Hotel in Dublin a fight broke out when another Galway player struck Cork's Christy Ring. The following morning another fight broke out when another member of the Galway panel attempted to hit Ring. The fights, however, ended just as quickly as they had started.
Gallagher's inter-county hurling career ended in 1954.