Josif Pančić

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Josif Pančić
Josif Pančić
Josif Pančić
Born April 17, 1814
Ugrini, Austrian Empire (now Croatia)
Died February 25, 1888(1888-02-25) (aged 73)
Belgrade, Kingdom of Serbia (now Serbia)
Residence Belgrade
Nationality Serbian
Other names Josip Pančić
Ethnicity Croat (and Bunjevac)
Citizenship Austrian, Serbian
Alma mater University of Budapest
Known for discovery of Serbian Spruce

Josif Pančić (Serbian Cyrillic: Јосиф Панчић; April 17, 1814 – February 25, 1888) was a Serbian botanist, doctor, a famous lecturer at the Great School in Belgrade and the first president of the Serbian Royal Academy. He extensively documented the flora of Serbia, and is credited with having classified many species of plants which were unknown to the botanical community at that time. Pančić is credited for discovering the Serbian Spruce.

Life[edit]

Early life and studies[edit]

Pančić was born in Ugrini, near Crikvenica, at the time part of the Austrian Empire (now Croatia), the fourth son of Pavel Pančić and Margarita. He was a Croat;[1][2] the Pančić family were Bunjevac in origin.[3][4] According to tradition, the Pančić family hailed from Herzegovina and settled in Ugrini in olden times.[5]

After finishing elementary school in Gospić, he went on to the lyceum in Rijeka, and then continued classes in the Regia Academica Scientiarum in Zagreb (1830). He graduated in 1842 in Budapest in medicine. In addition to other courses, Pančić attended botany courses, taught by the then renowned botanist Sadler.[6]

Work[edit]

He was acquainted with the Serbian linguist Vuk Stefanović Karadžić in Vienna who wrote him a letter of recommendation to the Serbian authorities in order to fulfill his wish to settle in the Principality of Serbia and to study its nature. In May 1846 he arrived in Serbia, and worked as a physician in rural Serbia. In 1853, he moved from Kragujevac to Belgrade when he was appointed professor of the Belgrade Lyceum (Royal Serbian Lyceum). In 1853, he introduced Mineralogy with geology at the Lyceum.[7]

He extensively documented the flora of Serbia, and is credited with having classified many species of plants which were unknown to the botanical community at that time. His most significant discovery was the Serbian Spruce, which he had discovered near Zaovine on the Tara Mountain in 1875. He is said to have "fell in love" with Kopaonik, which he visited 16 times between 1851 and 1886.

Pančić was named the first president of the Serbian Royal Academy formed on April 5, 1887. He requested opening of the Botanical garden "Jevremovac" in Belgrade.

Pančić died on February 25, 1888 in Belgrade while working. A mausoleum of Josif Pančić on Kopaonik was erected in 1951 by the Academy, the University of Belgrade and the Hikers union, with the inscription:

Honoring Pančić's request, we moved him here to rest forever. We also announce his message for the Serbian youth: "Only with a thorough understanding and analysis of the nature of our country will they show how much they love and honour their homeland".

List of works[edit]

  • Die Flora der Serpentinberge in Mittel-Serbien (1859)
  • Pisces Serbiae (1860)
  • Zur Moosflora des nordöstlichen Banates (1861)
  • Arena mobilis in Serbia eiusque flora (1863)
  • Flora agri Belgradensis methodo analytica digesta – "Flora u okolini Beogradskoj po analitičnom metodu" (1865)
  • Šumsko drveće i šiblje u Srbiji (1871)
  • Flora Principatus Serbiae – "Flora knez̆evine Srbije ili vaskularne biljke, koje y Srbije divlie rastu" (1874)
  • Eine neue conifere in den östlichen Alpen (1876)
  • Flora u okolini Beogradskoj po analitičnoj sistemi (1878)
  • Elementa ad floram principatus, Bulgariae (1883)
  • Nova graca za flora knez︠h︡evine Bugarske (1886)


Legacy[edit]

He was depicted on the 10 10 dinara note printed in 1994.

  • Josif Pancic Biological Research Society (Biološko istraživačko društvo "Josif Pančić")

Awards[edit]

Annotations[edit]

His name is mostly written as Serbian Josif Pančić (Јосиф Панчић), and also rendered Croatian Josip Pančić (Јосип Панчић).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jovan Cvijić (1965). Autobiografija i drugi spisi. Srpski knjiž. zadruga. p. 360. "а првим председником наше Академије Јосиф Панчић, пореклом Хр- ват" 
  2. ^ Politika (2006). NIN: nedeljne informativne novine, Issues 2888-2896. "Они који би и даље да разбијају српски духовни простор, могу нас до миле воље подсећати да је Јосиф Панчић Хрват, али он се посрбио и његово целокупно науч- но дело и његов живот су везани за Србију." 
  3. ^ Jovan Erdeljanović (1930). O poreklu Bunjevaca. Srpska Kraljevska Akademija. p. 146. "Панчићи, Паншни у Суботици, од 1686 год. (Оашса 1891 24; види и 5гађ. II Окт. 37, Иеуеп 1896 83, 123); кат. Панчићи у Хрватском Приморју (М. Милићевић: Поменик зна- менитих људи, Београд 1888, с. 497; Јегеппс 161) и прав. у ..." 
  4. ^ Poreklo.rs, Буњевачка презимена: Обрадов(ић) – Паштровић "ПАНЧИЋИ / ПАНЧИНИ – у Суботици, од 1686.год.; католици Панчићи у Хрватском Приморју и православни у Славонији."
  5. ^ Josif Pančić, Budislav Tatič, Božidar P. M. Ćurčić (1998). Sabrana dela Josifa Pančića: Život i delo Josifa Pančića. Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva. p. 13. "Проф. др Љубиша М. Глишић ЖИВОТ И РАД ВЕЛИКОГ НАУЧНИКА И РОДОЉУБА др ЈОСИФА ПАНЧИЋА Према предању, Панчићи су пореклом из Xерцеговине и од давнина су се доселили у село Угрине, које се налази на ..." 
  6. ^ Life road of Josif Pancic
  7. ^ Miomir Komatina (31 March 2004). Medical Geology: Effects of Geological Environments on Human Health. Elsevier. pp. 359–. ISBN 978-0-08-053609-5. 
  8. ^ "Author Query for 'Pančić'". International Plant Names Index. 

Sources[edit]

  • Michael Boro Petrovich, A history of modern Serbia, 1804–1918, Vol 2, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1976, p. 352
  • Јосиф Панчић (in Serbian). Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts. 

External links[edit]