Josimar won 16 caps with the Brazilian national team, from June 1986 to November 1989. He played three times during the 1986 Football World Cup after an injury to first choice right back Édson. His two goals for Brazil were memorable, and were scored in his first two international matches, in that tournament.
Josimar's son, Josimar Jr., played for Botafogo youth teams. In the end of 2006, he moved to Cruzeiro and then later to Vasco in mid February 2008 by signing a 3 year deal until the end of 2010.