Joslyn Castle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Joslyn Castle
View from the south
Joslyn Castle is located in Nebraska
Joslyn Castle
Location Omaha, Nebraska
Coordinates 41°15′42.1″N 95°58′18.5″W / 41.261694°N 95.971806°W / 41.261694; -95.971806Coordinates: 41°15′42.1″N 95°58′18.5″W / 41.261694°N 95.971806°W / 41.261694; -95.971806
Built 1903[1]
Architectural style Scottish Baronial
Governing body Joslyn Castle Institute
NRHP Reference # 72000747
Significant dates
Added to NRHP 1972
Designated OMAL May 22, 1979[1]

The George and Sarah Joslyn Home (officially named "Lynhurst," yet known locally as Joslyn Castle), is a mansion located at 3902 Davenport Street in the Gold Coast Historic District of Omaha, Nebraska, USA. Built in the Scottish Baronial style in 1903, the Castle was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1972. It was designated as an Omaha landmark in 1979.[2]

History[edit]

George Joslyn made his fortune in the ready-print news business and owned the Western Newspaper Union. The Joslyns gave generously to many Omaha-area organizations, including Sarah Joslyn's donation which made Omaha's Joslyn Art Museum possible.

Joslyn Castle was designed by John McDonald, an important local architect. Shortly after George Joslyn bought a farm outside of Omaha in 1893, he began landscaping it. Landscape architect Jens Jensen designed the grounds, as well as the rock work and pools for the conservatory inside the house.[3]

Design[edit]

The 35-room mansion had four stories, as well as a carriage house tower, built before the Castle in 1901, and 5 acres (20,000 m2) of formal gardens and landscaping, including greenhouses, which were completed in 1899. George Joslyn spared little expense planting mature trees on the 5.5-acre (22,000 m2) grounds, and Sarah collected rare botanicals from around the world, especially orchids. According to The Friends of Joslyn Castle, the home was built in just eleven months at a cost of $250,000.[4]

The Castle includes a reception hall, music room, ballroom, a library and gold drawing room. The basement at one time had a bowling alley. With the addition of a music room in 1906, the house totaled 19,360 square feet (1,799 m2).[5]

The Castle and the carriage house were built of Kansas silverdale limestone. There is a wrought iron door on the Castle that weighs over a ton.

1913 tornado[edit]

On March 23, 1913, a tornado demolished much of the central and north parts of Omaha. While the home was slightly damaged, inside some furniture, artwork, etchings, and statuary were ruined. A distraught George Joslyn stated that it would take fifteen years to restore the estate grounds to their previous state. The greenhouses were partially destroyed. The Joslyns decided not to rebuild, so they donated the frame to Hanscom Park, where it was used as a greenhouse for fifty years. In the conservatory, many of Sarah Joslyn's orchids and other tropical plants were killed by the cold and snow which followed the tornado.[6] The storm also destroyed a small lake and bridge to the west of the Castle. Today the bridge remains, and an outline of the small lake is visible. The home was repaired and that fall, the Castle hosted a gala event for the wedding of their daughter, Violet.[7]

Three-story stone building with crenellated roofline
View from the northeast

Recent history[edit]

In 1944, the Castle became the headquarters of the Omaha Public Schools district. Some of the walls of the original greenhouses were incorporated into an (1958) office annex by the district.

In 1989, the school system moved to a larger facility in the former Tech High School building. The Castle then became the property of the State of Nebraska. In 1996, the Joslyn Castle became home of the Joslyn Castle Institute for Sustainable Communities. The Institute is charged by the State of Nebraska with managing and preserving the estate.[8] In December 2010, Joslyn Castle was sold by the State of Nebraska to the Joslyn Castle Trust, a private concern created for the purpose of maintaining the historic property.[9]

Today, the Castle is the namesake of the surrounding Joslyn Castle neighborhood,[10] and is a site in the Nebraska Statewide Arboretum.

The Castle and its grounds are open to the public for tours, events, and private rental.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Omaha Landmarks". Omaha Landmarks Heritage Preservation Commission. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ (nd) Joslyn House. City of Omaha Landmarks Heritage Commission. Retrieved 5/29/07.
  3. ^ (nd) George and Sarah Joslyn Home. Nebraska State Historical Society. Retrieved 5/29/07.
  4. ^ (nd) Castle History. Joslyn Castle website. Retrieved 5/29/07.
  5. ^ (nd) Josyln's Castle. Nebraska State Historical Record. Retrieved 5/29/07.
  6. ^ Sing, Travis (2003). Omaha's Easter Tornado of 1913. Mt. Pleasant, SC: Arcadia Publishing. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-7385-3184-7. 
  7. ^ Sing, Travis (2003). Omaha's Easter Tornado of 1913. Mt. Pleasant, SC: Arcadia Publishing. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-7385-3184-7. 
  8. ^ (nd) Who we are. Joslyn Castle Institute for Sustainable Communities website. Retrieved 5/29/07.
  9. ^ Little, Nano. "A Letter from the Director." Castle Watch. Winter 2011. [1]
  10. ^ (nd) Joslyn Castle Neighborhood Association website. Retrieved 5/29/07.
  11. ^ Joslyn Castle website. Retrieved 2013-07-23.

External links[edit]