Jostein Gaarder

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Jostein Gaarder
Jostein Gaarder.jpg
Gaarder in 2009
Born (1952-08-08) 8 August 1952 (age 62)
Oslo, Norway
Occupation novelist, short story writer
Nationality Norwegian
Genre Children's literature, fiction
Notable works The Solitaire Mystery, Sophie's World, 'The Orange Girl'
Notable awards See below
Spouse Siri Dannevig

Jostein Gaarder (Norwegian: [ˈjuːstaɪn ˈɡɔːrdər]; born in Oslo on August 8, 1952) is a Norwegian intellectual and author of several novels, short stories and children's books. Gaarder often writes from the perspective of children, exploring their sense of wonder about the world. He often utilizes metafiction in his works and constructs stories within stories. His best known work is the novel Sophie's World: A Novel About the History of Philosophy. It been translated into 60 languages; there are over 40 million copies in print.

Family[edit]

Gaarder's father was a school headmaster and his mother was a a teacher and author of children’s books. He was born and raised in Oslo. Gaarder married Siri Dannevig in Oslo in 1974. They moved to Bergen, Norway in 1979 and have two sons.[1]

In 1997, Gaarder and Siri Dannevig established the Sophie Prize. It is an environmental development prize of (USD 100,000 = 77,000 ), awarded annually. It is named after the novel.

Education[edit]

Gaarder attended Oslo Cathedral School and the University of Oslo, where he studied Scandinavian languages and theology. He was a high school teacher in Bergen, Norway, prior to his literary career.[1]

Awards and prizes[edit]

Environmental activism[edit]

Jostein Gaarder has been involved in the promotion of sustainable development for nearly two decades. He established the Sophie Prize in 1997, an international award bestowed on foundations and individuals concerned with the environment. Through the Sophie Prize, Gaarder contributed over $1.5 million to worthy environmental causes. The final Sophie Prize was awarded in October 2013 to Bill McKibben.

Political advocacy and religious controversy[edit]

Jostein Gaarder is active politically. The focus of his concern is the plight of Palestinian refugees, and he has vehemently criticized the Israeli occupation of Palestine. In August 2006, Gaarder wrote an an op-ed titled God's Chosen People that was published in the largest daily newspaper in Norway, Aftenposten.[5][6] Gaarder wrote it in response to the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict. He argued in favor of "recognizing the State of Israel of 1948, but not the one of 1967".

'God's Chosen People' had a broader scope than conflicting territorial claims. Gaarder described Judaism as "an archaic national and warlike religion", contrasting it with the Christian idea that the "Kingdom of God is compassion and forgiveness". Gaarder disputed allegations of anti-Semitism, which resulted in the Jostein Gaarder controversy.

List of works[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Radiawati, Ririn (19 October 2011). "The Wordy, Wonderful Craft of Curiosity". Jakarta Globe. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  2. ^ (Italian)"Albo d'Oro". Premio Bancarella. Retrieved 2010-10-08. 
  3. ^ (Norwegian) "Gaarder, Jostein". NRK. November 8, 2002. Retrieved 2006-08-10. 
  4. ^ "‘Sophie’s World’ author Jostein Gaarder and TCD Medical Officer for 30 years among distinguished recipients of Honorary Degrees at TCD". Trinity College, Dublin. December 16, 2005. Retrieved 2006-08-10. 
  5. ^ "God’s chosen People". Aftenposten. 5 August 2006. Retrieved 2006-08-07. 
  6. ^ Gaarder, Jostein. "God's Chosen People" Retrieved on 2006-08-25

External links[edit]